‘THE SAGE’-Klein’s Online Newsletter—OCTOBER 2019 
Klein’s Floral & Greenhouses
3758 E. Washington Ave.
Madison, WI 53704
608/244-5661 or [email protected]
THIS MONTH’S HIGHLIGHTS:
Petal It Forward with Fresh Flowers
The Spring Bulbs Have Arrived
Our ‘Mad Gardener‘ Is Ready for Your Questions
It’s Time to Plant Garlic
Is There Really a “Pet and Plant-Safe” Ice Melt?
Klein’s Favorite Seed, Bulb & Plant Sources
How To Use Rooting Hormones For Plant Cuttings
You Asked the Mad Gardener About Overwintering Salvia
Plant of the Month:  Garlic From Seed Savers Exchange
Klein’s Favorite “Party Mix” Recipes
Product Spotlight:  Plant Hangers from Primitive Planters 
Notes from Rick’s Garden Journal—From September 2019
—About Funnel Weavers
—Overwintering Favorite Tropicals
—Appearing Soon: White-throated Sparrows
October in the Garden:  A Planner
Gardening Events Around Town
Review Klein’s @:  YelpGoogle Reviews or Facebook Reviews
Join Us on Twitter 
Follow Us on Facebook
‘PETAL IT FORWARD’ WITH FREE FLOWERS
Stop by Klein’s on Wednesday, October 23 as we celebrate with florists across the nation giving away flowers for “Petal It Forward” Day!   Receive two bouquets of flowers – one to keep (because everyone loves to receive flowers!) and one to give away (because it’s also a lot of fun to give someone flowers!).  Share your pictures with us on Facebook or at [email protected] as you put a smile on someone’s face.
Studies conducted by Rutgers University and Harvard University found that flowers brighten moods, decrease stress and bring people together. In one study, 80 percent of Americans said that receiving flowers makes them feel happy. Even more people — 88 percent — said that giving flowers gives them a boost, according to the florist association.
THE SPRING BULBS HAVE ARRIVED!
We have all of your favorites–tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, crocus, alliums–and a few not-so-well known treasures for your garden.  Mid- to late October is the best time to plant your spring bulbs (planting too can early promote premature leaf growth) and nothing could be more uplifting after a long winter than crocus, snowdrops and winter aconite blossoms peeking through the snow come spring.  Allow the Klein’s staff to share planting tips and ideas to keep those pesky squirrels from digging up those newly planted bulbs.  And for indoor blooms, don’t forget a few hyacinths, paperwhites and amaryllis (arriving mid-month) for indoor forcing.  We carry a lovely assortment of forcing glasses, vases and decorative pottery.  Forced bulbs make for a n inexpensive and treasured holiday gift.  Any bulb questions?  Don’t forget our Mad Gardener @ [email protected]!
THE MAD GARDENER
“Madison’s Firsthand Source for Expert Gardening Advice”
Ask any of your gardening questions by e-mailing them to us at [email protected].  Klein’s in-house Mad Gardener will e-mail you with an answer as promptly as we can.  We’ve also posted a  link to this e-mail address on our home page for your convenience.  Your question might then appear in the “You Asked” feature of our monthly newsletter.  If your question is the one selected for our monthly newsletter, you’ll receive a small gift from us at Klein’s.  The Mad Gardener hopes to hear from you soon!
Sorry, we can only answer those questions pertaining to gardening in Southern Wisconsin and we reserve the right to leave correspondence unanswered at our discretion.  Please allow 2-3 days for a response.
Please note that our Mad Gardener is not only an expert gardener, but can answer  all of your indoor plant questions as well.
OCTOBER STORE HOURS:
Monday thru Friday :  8:00-6:00
Saturday:    9:00-5:00
Sunday:          10:00-4:00
CALENDAR OF EVENTS:
Throughout Octobersave 75% on all remaining perennials and shrubs.  Check out our selection of spring bulbs.  Tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, crocus, alliums and much more have arrived for fall planting.  For Halloween and Thanksgiving decorating we carry pumpkins, gourds, fall leaves, branches, grasses, dried flowers, cattails, hay bales, etc. for fall decor.  Shop early for best selection.
October 13–Full Moon
October 14–Columbus Day (observed)
October 16–National Bosses’ Day
October 19–Sweetest Day
October 19—Gentle Morning Yoga Class (8:00-9:00) @ Klein’s. Start your morning off in the most peaceful way… Surrounded by warm, oxygen rich air, and beautiful greenery all around. Breathe deeply, and stretch your body to awaken to a beautiful day. The pace of the class will be steady to slow with intention to make a connection to the Earth, to find our roots, and to ground-down for the Fall Season. This class is open to everyone, even if you’re brand new to yoga! With attendance you will receive a FREE GIFT:  an adorable Mini Succulent to take home with you, along with a 10% Off Coupon to use day of event. We sure hope you’ll join us for a lovely morning of Yoga surrounded by Nature’s Goodness.
Megan Reed, a 200-RYT, Reiki Practitioner, & seasonal employee of Klein’s (lover of plant babies) will be guiding us through this 60 minute Yoga class.
$20 per person. Please RSVP as space is limited.
Please arrive at least 10 minutes early to find your spot and settle into the space. Dress in layers as the greenhouse fluctuates in temperature depending on the weather.  Bring your own mat, water bottle, props if you’d like them.
October 20 and October 26Create a Pumpkin Succulent Centerpiece @ Klein’s.  From 10:00-11:00 and from 12:00-1:00 each day, join the fun of making your very own succulent pumpkin. Pick your own pumpkin and succulents for a one of kind garden. Meet new friends and get your hands dirty with a little gardening therapy. Join Kathryn as she guides you on how to create your very own fabulous succulent pumpkin centerpiece that (if properly cared for) will last for months. Just bring your creativity and we will take care of the rest. Workshop fee ranges from $25-60 depending on materials selected and includes step-by-step instructions, and details on how to care, handle and artistically prune your masterpiece as the succulents begin to grow. Please email [email protected] for more information or to sign up!
October 23—Petal It Forward Day
October 26Create a Pumpkin Succulent Centerpiece @ Klein’s.  See details above.
October 27–Mother-in-Law’s Day
October 31–Halloween.  Choose from one of our many FTD and Teleflora bouquets and centerpieces for your Halloween parties or get-togethers.   For more ideas and easy on-line ordering, check out our Teleflora or FTD websites by clicking on www.flowerskleinsflrl.com or www.florists.ftd.com/kleinsfloral  or talk to one of our designers at 608/244-5661.
November 2—Día de los Muertos
November 2 and November 3Art Works Art Show @ Klein’s. Find unique one-of-a-kind items for gifts or for yourself.  Ceramics, Paintings, Fiber, Jewelry, Mixed Media, Photography, Sculpture, Wood and more!  For more information go to www.artworksmadison.com.
‘THE FLOWER SHOPPE’:
Petal It Forward 2019 is Wednesday, October 23
“Local Action. Nationwide Impact.”
Since 2015, the Society of American Florists has choreographed one of the most engaging floral promotions in the industry’s history — Petal It Forward. What started as an SAF-led promotional event in New York City has grown into a nationwide initiative that connects the entire industry.
On October 24, 2018, florists nationwide randomly surprised people on the street with flowers in 410 cities in all 50 states, plus D.C. Lucky recipients received two bouquets — one to keep, and one to share with a friend, family member, co-worker, or even a complete stranger. There were a lot of smiles going around as the country experienced flower power.
Stop by Klein’s on Wednesday October 23 as we celebrate with florists across the nation giving away flowers for “Petal It Forward” Day!   Receive two bouquets of flowers – one to keep (because everyone loves to receive flowers!) and one to give away (because it’s also a lot of fun to give someone flowers!).  Share your pictures with us on Facebook or at [email protected] as you put a smile on someone’s face.
Studies conducted by Rutgers University and Harvard University found that flowers brighten moods, decrease stress and bring people together. In one study, 80 percent of Americans said that receiving flowers makes them feel happy. Even more people — 88 percent — said that giving flowers gives them a boost, according to the florist association.
For more information visit:  safnow.org/petalitforward/
YOU ASKED THE MAD GARDENER . . .
In one of your past newsletters, I thought you told how to save salvias which are hardy in southern states but not here. Is that possible or hard to do? Nancy
Hi Nancy,
It depends on the salvia you’re trying to save. Salvia splendens and Salvia coccinea are difficult to overwinter and not worth the attempt.  Salvia guaranitica and many of the modern hybrids are quite easy and are overwintered much like geraniums. They have large, bulbous roots that store water when dormant. I wait until just before the first hard killing freeze (usually about Oct 5-10 here in Madison) as most salvias are at their most gorgeous in the late fall and are a great nectar source for migrating hummingbirds.  At that point, you now have two choices for overwintering.
After digging up the plant, you can simply shake the soil from the large, woody roots, place them in a paper bag, seal the bag and dangle from the rafters in a cool, dark basement (45-55º F is optimal), much like gardeners stored geranium roots in the olden days.  Though, easy, this technique has the lowest success rate at about 30-50% of the roots in optimal conditions. In the spring, either plant up the roots into pots about April 1 to give them a jump start or plant them directly into the garden in May. Place them in a bright warm location and water as needed.
My preferred means for overwintering salvia is to either pot up the roots or place the roots upright in lightly moistened peat moss in a paper-lined milk crate or heavy duty box.  Either works well. Store the pots, crate or box in a cool, dark spot @ 45-55ºF if possible. Water lightly once/month during the winter. About April 1, begin watering as normal and move them to a warm, lit location for an earlier start in the garden.  Plants will usually be about 8-10″ by mid-May under best conditions.
As an alternative, all salvias are easy to take from cuttings.  In mid- to late September, I take 3-4″ cuttings from the best growing tips and place them directly into moistened soil; using a rooting hormone if desired. I seal them in clear plastic or under a tall seed starting dome in a bright, warm location with no direct sunlight.  Cuttings are usually rooted in about 3 weeks when I the remove them from the covering. I water them as any houseplants during the winter months, pruning as needed if the growth gets gangly. They grow well in any bright and cool location during the winter.
Thanks for your question,
Klein’s Mad Gardener
DID YOU KNOW. . .
. . . that perhaps only old-fashioned chipping, scraping and shoveling are truly “pet and plant-safe” for sidewalk and driveway ice removal during the winter months? 
Is There Really a “Safe” Ice Melt?
By: Caley Chambers, University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine
Winter is quickly approaching and it won’t be long before the roads, sidewalks, and driveways are covered with chemicals used to melt ice (ice melts). If dogs aren’t eating them, they are at least walking through or playing in them!  Ice melts pose a problem with both oral ingestion and dermal contact.  There are many brands of ice melts on the market but the major ingredients are sodium chloride, potassium chloride, magnesium chloride, calcium salts (calcium carbonate, calcium magnesium acetate, and calcium chloride), and urea based products .  Before suggesting a safe ice melt to a client it is critical to know information about the ice melt’s ingredients.
Sodium chloride:
Large ingestions of sodium chloride (salt) can lead to sodium toxicosis and a dose of 4g/kg of sodium chloride can be lethal to dogs.  Mild ingestions lead only to gastrointestinal  upset such as vomiting and diarrhea, but dogs eating large amounts of this type of ice melt can develop  hypernatremia with central nervous system signs, dehydration, tachycardia, tachypnea, hyperthermia, and death.
Potassium chloride:
Increased intake of potassium, as seen with large ingestions of potassium chloride salts, is unlikely to produce sustained hyperkalemia unless renal excretion is impaired in the dog.  Potassium chloride, however, is a severe irritant and can cause gastrointestinal irritation to the point of hemorrhagic vomiting or diarrhea.
Magnesium chloride:
Ingestion of ice melts containing magnesium chloride can be irritating and result in gastrointestinal upset.  In addition, hypermagnesemia can occur with very large ingestions, but is unlikely to occur unless the dog has renal disease.
Calcium salts (calcium carbonate, calcium chloride, and calcium magnesium acetate):
Calcium salts are the most hazardous as they are the most severe irritants of all the ingredients in ice melts.   Ingestion of calcium salts can cause severe gastrointestinal signs as well as local irritation from dermal (skin and paws) contact.  Large ingestions of calcium salts are unlikely to increase serum calcium concentrations because multiple other factors are needed to absorb the calcium.
Urea:
Urea based ice melts are generally the ones labeled as safe for use around pets.  Ingestion of urea usually leads to salivation and mild gastrointestinal irritation, but large ingestions may result in weakness, tremors, and methemoglobinemia.
All types of ice melts have a potential to be hazardous.  In general, most ice melt exposures are limited to gastrointestinal upset and local dermal irritation but there is a potential for more serious, life threatening side effects.  It is important to educate clients on the potential risks of exposure and inform them of proper storage and use so that exposures can be avoided.
As for plants?…
Salts can injure plants in several ways. The chloride ion is considered the most toxic element of deicing salts, causing much of the direct plant tissue damage. When salt sprays from puddles onto plants as cars drive by, it may scorch leaves or kill buds and twig tips on deciduous plants, especially during spring. Pines in general are especially noted for their sensitivity to roadside deicing salts. When affected, pine needles may become pale green, yellow, or brown in late winter. If dying vegetation is on the side of the plants facing the road or driveway, the damage has likely been caused by salt spray.
Accumulation of salt in the soil also makes it difficult for plant roots to absorb water. Excess sodium affects soil structure, and may result in poor infiltration and increased erosion. The sodium ions can displace essential plant nutrients, decreasing soil fertility. Salt accumulation in soil will also inhibit seed germination of grasses and wildflowers.
The level of damage varies, depending on the concentration of salts in the water running onto your plants, the amount of snowfall, the timing of rains that may help wash off the foliage, the type of soil, and the condition of the plants. Healthy, mature plants that are not drought-stressed will withstand salts better than newly established, young plants.
PRODUCT SPOTLIGHTEach month we spotlight some product that we already carry or one that we’ve taken note of and plan to carry in the near future.  Likewise, if you would like to see Klein’s to carry a product that we don’t currently, please let us know.  Our goal is to be responsive to the marketplace and  to our loyal clientele.  If a product fits into our profile, we will make every effort to get it into our store.  In addition, we may be able to special order an item for you, whether plant or hard good, given enough time.
Plant Hangers from Primitive Planters
Primitive Planters’ stunning cloth plant hangers come in a wide assortment of colors and fabric patterns.  There is a color and style for every home decor.  Now you’re able to match your hanging plants with your walls, wallpaper, curtains, table linens, bedding and more.  Primitive Planters has merged a functional garden product and home decorating into one product.  Can be used both inside and out!  See examples on their visually stimulating website at www.primitiveplanters.com/  and then at Klein’s.  We’ve carried these eye-catching hangers since 2008 and we can’t keep them in stock!
And now, returning from the 1970’s in a big way comes the resurgence of macrame. Klein’s has just received a new shipment of both cloth and macrame hangers.
About the company–Primitive Planters
Primitive Planters owner, Jennifer Marshall has been an entrepreneur since 1992.   With almost 20 years of experience in marketing and sales, retail and quality assurance management; Jennifer is all about taking something and making it successful!  The company started with the original idea of updating the iconic macrame plant hanger with her utility patented indoor/outdoor fabric plant hanger.  A simple, sleek concept with decorating style, without all of the beads and tassels.
With an understanding of the target audience of women, Jennifer realized she LOVED to garden, but is notorious for color coordinating in all aspects of her life, such as home decorating & dress attire.
Offering a stylish fabric plant hanger in beautiful colors and patterns from bright turquoise to polka dot patterns, customers can coordinate the color of their hanger with flower hanging baskets, plants, pots, pottery, containers, home decor and more!
Since the launch of her hangers, Jennifer has since added macrame to her product line, keeping the nostalgia and making Primitive Planters THE plant hanger resource for all of your needs.   The company manufactures and distributes their products through co-ops and distributors throughout North America and Canada.
NOTES FROM MY GARDEN JOURNAL–Tips and Observations from My Own Garden by Rick Halbach
ENTRY: SEPTEMBER 2, 2019 (About Funnel Weavers)
Spiders are everywhere in the garden as late summer and early fall approach.  It’s nearly impossible not to walk into the garden among tall plants and not run into the strong webs of the large, “scary” orb weavers, who hang out at the center of their large, stereotypical webs awaiting their prey.  Though all spiders are generally considered beneficial garden inhabitants, they do not discriminate among their prey; which sadly can include beneficial bees and the occasional butterfly…even monarchs.
Going back to my childhood, the funnel weavers have been among my favorite spiders.  Their unique and very dense tunnel-like webs are very common in every nook and cranny in the garden; especially in corners, behind downspouts, under siding and in garages and outbuildings. When young and as entertainment, I would collect up live flies and other insects and toss them into their webs.  As quick as lightning the spider would race from its tunnel, grab the prey and whisk it inside the tunnel.  If the prey’s too big or too feisty, the spider ignores it and retreats back into its lair.
The two most common of the funnel weavers in Wisconsin are the grass spider and the barn funnel weaver.  Both are very shy and will run to shelter to avoid people.  Bites rarely, if ever, occur and it’s assumed the venom is similar in potency to most of our other common garden spiders.
Grass Spider  (Agelenopsis species)
Grass spiders are very common in Pennsylvania and can be recognized by the large, somewhat concave, mostly horizontal, sheet-like web with a funnel or tunnel located off to one side. The webs are found on grass, weeds, and ground covers such as ivy, pachysandra, or periwinkle, and in numerous exterior places such as fencerows, bushes, and brush piles. Homeowners frequently see these fast-moving spiders indoors in the autumn as the spiders seek protection from falling temperatures.
Grass spiders can be identified by their distinctive webs, the dorsal markings on the carapace and abdomen, and the greatly elongated hind spinnerets. Females are from 10 to 20 millimeters and the males from 9 to 18 millimeters in length. The carapace is yellow-brown to brown with a pair of darker, longitudinal bands extending back from the lateral eyes, and another pair of very thin lines located one on each side of the carapace. The abdomen is generally darker than the carapace and has a lighter median band, sometimes with a scalloped edge. The legs are frequently annulated, darker at the distal ends of the segments.
As previously mentioned, the webs are found in many locations and serve as both a platform on which the spider captures prey and as a retreat in which the spiders can remain hidden. The grass spider web is not sticky but relies upon a network of threads above the sheet to divert or impede insect flight, causing them to fall onto the sheet, where they are captured by the rapidly running grass spider.
Barn Funnel Weaver (Tegenaria domestica)
This funnel weaver is found throughout most of the United States, most notably in sheds and barns, around and in the crevices of doors, as well as in the cracks of rock faces and under rocks and boards.
The female barn funnel weaver is from 7.5 to 11.5 millimeters in length and the males range from 6 to 9 millimeters in length. The cephalothorax is red-brown with a covering of pale-yellow hairs and two pale-gray longitudinal lines. The abdomen ranges from a pinkish to a pale flesh color with a pattern of gray to black patches. The legs are spiny with very pale gray annulations at the distal end of the femurs.
The webs are similar to those made by the grass spiders, but they are typically smaller in diameter with the retreat within the web sheet rather than off to one side.
These spiders have been reported to live for as long as seven years, producing upwards of nine egg sacs. The sacs are placed in many different locations close to the web, often suspended above the web from silk lines. The males are frequently found on the web along with the female from May through July, during the mating season. These spiders can be found in structures anytime during the year.
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ENTRY: SEPTEMBER 29, 2019 (Overwintering Favorite Tropicals)
As I’m about to lug my huge pots of angel’s trumpets to the basement for the winter, I’m reminded that at the time of the year we get tons of questions at Klein’s about the how-to’s of overwintering our most common garden tropicals.  I thought I’d share an article we wrote a number of years ago.
From October 2008:
It’s easier than you may think to winter over many of your spring and summer plant purchases.  Doing so not only saves money, but allows you to keep some of your very favorite plants from year to year.  Gardeners are usually very familiar with wintering over some of our grandparents’ favorite annuals.  The easiest include geraniums, coleus, begonias, flowering maple, lantana and many others.  Now though, tropicals are all the rage and most can be kept through the winter quite easily in the average home.  Tropicals are great fun to experiment with and add a lot of drama to the landscape.  They can be expensive, and therefore, can be looked at as a long term investment.  Some will even bloom sporadically during the dead of winter given a sunny, warm location.  Though we’ve only selected a few of the more common ones to spotlight, nearly all tropicals can be wintered over and our staff would be happy to help you out with any questions at 244-5661 or email our Mad Gardener.
HIBISCUS–Prune hard to shape in the fall and place in a bright location either warm or cool.  Water thoroughly when dry to the touch.  Watch for whitefly, aphids and spider mites.  Though a lot of literature recommends pruning in the spring, here in the north you’ll lose at least a month of flowering next summer.  With our short summers, you’ll see few blooms with some of the later blooming cultivars.  Oleanders are treated much the same way as hibiscus.
BANANAS (both Musa and Ensete)—If you have room or dwarf varieties, bananas can be kept actively growing as a houseplant through the winter.  They require a bright location, warm temps and even watering.  Watch for spider mites under the large leaves.  An alternative is to let the banana plant go dormant.  Simply cut last summer’s stalk(s) to 2 feet, allow the pot to thoroughly dry out and move to a basement or cool room.  Water thoroughly but infrequently throughout the winter.  You should see new leaves unfurling late in winter and as you increase watering.  It’s not uncommon for the original largest stalk to die, but check the base.  You may see 2-6 baby plants–your next summer’s growth.
ELEPHANT’S EARS (Colocasia)–Allow to freeze off in the the garden or if in a pot, allow to dry completely in a garage.  For plants grown in the ground, dig the large, tuberous roots and allow to “cure” a few weeks in the garage, removing any rotted or soft portions.  The curing process is the same as with potatoes or onions.  After a few weeks, place the tubers in dry peat moss in a large container of choice.  A pail or muck bucket works perfectly.  Store dry in the warm part of your basement.  They can be stored cool, but there is no need.  For plants grown in containers, simply move your container to the basement once the pot has completely dried out.  Remove all foliage.  Again, store dry.
THEN–the key to success with elephant’s ears is jump-starting them early enough for next season, something often overlooked.  In late January, begin watering your stored tubers as normal.  New growth will appear in about 2 months–sometimes longer!  By starting your plants early, you’ll be rewarded with larger plants much earlier next summer.  By the time you place your stored tubers in the garden in late May, your first leaves will already be 2-3′ tall.
Most alocasias however (also commonly called elephant’s ears), unlike the colocasias, prefer to be kept actively growing like a houseplant during the winter months.  Large alocasias can be cut back drastically before bringing indoors.
AGAPANTHUS (Lily-of-the-Nile)–Growing these exotics is super-easy!
In Wisconsin, agapanthus must be grown as a potted plant.  Being extremely root bound stimulates the best blooming so keep your plants in the same pot until you must step them up.  At season’s end, move your pots to a garage to dry completely.  Small plants (or if you have room for large plants) can be kept actively growing through the winter as a houseplant.  If you choose the dormant route, you’ll notice the foliage yellowing as it dries.  Remove all foliage, once it has yellowed completely then store in a cool, dry location till spring.  Water lightly about once a month during the winter for best results.
BRUGMANSIA (Angel’s Trumpets)–Nothing could be easier than to winter over these dramatic tropicals and the older they get, the more dramatic they become!  Before a freeze in the fall, simply prune the plants to a manageable size (usually to 3-5′).  It’s O.K. if no foliage remains.  If they were in the landscape, they’ll need to be dug and potted for the winter.  Immediately move the plant to a cool and dark location.  They can be stored as low as 40 degrees all winter.  Water thoroughly a few times during the winter.  If you don’t have a cool and dark location, just do your best–they’re not fussy.  Heat and light will simply stimulate new growth during the winter.  That’s also O.K.  If possible, move your stored plant to some light (even a basement window) around March 1.  This promotes earlier growth and earlier and more blooms next summer.  Move outdoors once nighttime temps are in the 50’s.
BOUGAINVILLEA, MANDEVILLA, PASSION VINE and JASMINE are all overwintered as houseplants in a bright, sunny exposure for best results.  New growth may need to be trimmed periodically through the winter months with a final pruning in early March.  Foliage may (and probably will) drop and/or yellow during the winter.  This is completely normal as the plants must acclimate to our very short days.  Healthy growth usually starts as the days lengthen noticeably during February.  It’s important to cut back on watering during the winter and hold off fertilizing from November through February.
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ENTRY: SEPTEMBER 30, 2019 (Appearing Soon: White-throated Sparrows)
Within a week or so, cool weather fall migrants will be making their appearance at the bird feeders, among them the entertaining white-throated sparrow.  Though present in my yard for just a few weeks before it heads farther south (Madison lies at the northern edge of its winter range), the white-throated sparrow is a common sight during those weeks as it seeks out stray seeds on the ground below the feeders; known for its attention-getting hopping as it scratches debris backwards in search of seeds.
A common winter bird of eastern woodlots (southeast of the Ohio River and up the East Coast), shuffling about on the ground in loose flocks, often coming to bird feeders that are placed close enough to the shelter of thickets. It is also widespread in the West in winter, but in much smaller numbers. In summer, White-throated Sparrows sing their clear whistles in northern forests, including all of far northern Wisconsin.
Adults may have head stripes of either white or tan, and scientists have found some odd differences in behavior between these two color morphs. The two color morphs (with tan-striped and white-striped heads) may be either male or female; adults almost always mate with the opposite color morph. White-striped males are usually more aggressive and do more singing than tan-striped males. White-striped females also sing, but tan-striped females usually do not. Pairs involving a tan-striped male and white-striped female usually form more quickly than those of the opposite combination. Tan-striped adults tend to feed their young more often than white-striped adults.
Diet
Mostly seeds and insects. Feeds heavily on insects during breeding season, including damselflies, ants, wasps, true bugs, beetles, flies, caterpillars, and others, plus spiders, millipedes, and snails. Winter diet is mostly seeds of weeds and grasses. Also eats many berries, especially in fall. Young are fed mostly insects. Forages mostly on ground under or close to dense thickets. Often scratches briefly in leaf-litter with both feet. Also forages up in shrubs and low trees, mainly in summer.
KLEIN’S RECIPES OF THE MONTHThese are a selection of relatively simple recipes chosen by our staff.  New recipes appear monthly.  Enjoy!!
Simple to make and with few ingredients, old-fashioned “Party Mixes” continue to be favorites at events and family get-togethers.  The following collection is a combination of family favorites and those that appeared in Catherine Murray’s WSJ Cooks’ Exchange column (Recipes To Satisfy Any Snack Attack) from Aug. 28, 2019 (madison.com). They are sure to become among your family favorites as well!
NUTS & BOLTS
1 box Cheerios
1 box Rice Chex
2lbs. peanuts
2 tsp. garlic powder
3 TBS. Worcestershire sauce
3/4 lb. butter or margarine
1 box pretzel sticks
1 box Wheat Chex
3 tsp. seasoned salt
Melt butter. Add garlic powder, seasoned salt and Worcestershire sauce and mix well. Place an even mixture of all the dry ingredients in large roasting pans. Pour the butter mixture evenly over all and mix well. Bake @ 275º for 1 hour, stirring every 15 minutes. Freezes well divided into batches.
INDIAN SNACK MIX
4 cups Corn Chex
4 cups Rice Chex
3 cups miniature pretzels
1 cup slivered almonds
1/3 cup butter, melted
3 tablespoons Louisiana-style hot sauce
4-1/2 teaspoons Worcestershire sauce
2-1/2 teaspoons curry powder
1 teaspoon onion powder
1 teaspoon seasoned salt
1/4 teaspoon ground chipotle pepper
1 cup golden raisins
In a large bowl, combine the cereals, pretzels and almonds. In a small bowl, combine the butter, hot sauce, Worcestershire sauce and seasonings. Drizzle over cereal mixture; toss to coat.
Transfer to two 15x10x1-in. baking pans coated with cooking spray. Bake at 250° for 45 minutes or until golden brown, stirring every 15 minutes. Stir in raisins. Cool completely on wire racks. Store in airtight containers.
SWEET & SALTY MIX—The perfect mix of sweet and savory!!
1 package (12 ounces) Corn Chex
1 package (10 ounces) Cheerios
1 package (10 ounces) Honeycomb cereal
1 package (10 ounces) pretzel sticks
1-3/4 cups sugar
1-1/2 cups canola oil
1-1/4 cups butter, melted
3 tablespoons soy sauce
2 tablespoons garlic salt
Preheat oven to 275°. In a very large bowl, combine cereals and pretzels. In another bowl, mix the remaining ingredients until sugar is dissolved. Pour over cereal mixture; toss to coat.
Transfer to a large roasting pan. Bake, uncovered, 1-1/4 hours or until cereal is crisp, stirring every 15 minutes. Cool completely. Store in an airtight container.
PECAN PARTY MIX
¾ cup brown sugar
¾ cup butter
2 ½ cups Rice Chex cereal
5 cups Crispix cereal
1 cup pecan halves
Boil brown sugar and butter together for 2 minutes, stirring constantly. Mix both cereals and pecans together in a large bowl. Pour brown sugar mixture over cereal, stir to coat and bake in a 9×13-inch pan at 325º for 8 to 15 minutes. Cool.
PRALINE SNACK MIX
1 ½ cups butter
¾ cup brown sugar
6 cups Crispix cereal
1 cup pecan halves
1 cup pretzel sticks
Combine butter and sugar in a medium saucepan. Bring to a boil and boil for 2 minutes, stirring constantly. Mix cereal, pecans and pretzels together in a large bowl. Pour boiling mixture over cereal and stir to coat. Place in a 9×13-inch cake pan and bake at 350º for 7 minutes. Stir and bake for another 7 minutes. Spread on foil to cool. Yield: 6 servings
ORIENTAL CASHEW CRUNCH
16 ounces oat squares cereal
3-ounce can of chow mein (crispy) noodles
1 cup cashews
1⁄3 cup oil
3 tablespoons soy sauce
1 teaspoon garlic powder
1 teaspoon onion powder
Combine cereal, noodles, and cashews in a 9×13-inch pan. Mix remaining ingredients and pour over cereal mixture. Stir to coat evenly. Bake for 1 hour at 250º, stirring every 15 minutes. Cool.
CRISP & SPICY SNACK MIX
2 cups Crispix cereal (rice and corn)
1 cup tiny pretzel twists
½ cup reduced-fat Wheat Thins
½ cup reduced-fat Cheez-It crackers
1 ½ tablespoons butter, melted
1 tablespoon ginger stir-fry sauce, such as Lawry’s
1 teaspoon chili powder
1 teaspoon ground cumin
¼ teaspoon salt
In bowl, combine cereal, pretzels and crackers. In separate bowl, combine butter, sauce, chili powder, cumin and salt; drizzle over cereal mixture, tossing to coat. Spread mixture into sprayed jelly-roll pan. Bake at 250º for 30 minutes or until crisp, stirring twice. Makes 4 cups
ORIGINAL CRISPIX MIX
7 cups Crispix cereal
1 cup mixed nuts
1 cup pretzels
3 tablespoons butter, mixed
¼ teaspoon garlic salt
¼ teaspoon onion salt
2 teaspoons lemon juice
4 teaspoons Worcestershire sauce
Combine cereal, nuts and pretzels, put in a 9×13 pan, and set aside. Stir together remaining ingredients and gently stir into mixture to evenly coat. Bake at 250º for 45 minutes, stirring every 15 minutes. Spread on paper towels to cool. Store in airtight container.
CHILI-LIME SNACK MIX
8 cups Corn Chex
1 cup cheddar-flavored snack crackers
1 cup corn nuts
1 cup corn chips
1 cup miniature pretzel twists
6 tablespoons butter, melted
1 tablespoon lime juice
2 teaspoons chili powder
1 teaspoon grated lime zest
1/2 teaspoon onion powder
1/2 teaspoon garlic powder
1/8 teaspoon cayenne pepper
In a large microwave-safe bowl, combine the first five ingredients. In a small bowl, combine the remaining ingredients; pour over cereal mixture and toss to coat.
Microwave, uncovered, on high for 5 minutes, stirring three times. Spread onto waxed paper to cool. Store in an airtight container.
NATURAL NEWS–
With cold weather just a few weeks away, now is the time to take cuttings of some of your most cherished garden annuals for overwintering. Popular choices include coleus, geraniums, salvias, fuchsias…almost anything is possible!
Root Stimulating Hormone: How To Use Rooting Hormones For Plant Cuttings
By: Susan Patterson @ www.gardeningknowhow.com
One way to create a new plant identical to the parent plant is to take a piece of the plant, known as a cutting, and grow another plant. Popular ways to make new plants is from root cuttings, stem cutting and leaf cuttings—often using a root hormone.
What Is Rooting Hormone?
When propagating plants using a stem cutting, it is often helpful to use a root-stimulating hormone. Rooting hormone will increase the chance of successful plant rooting in most cases. When rooting hormones are used, the root will generally develop quickly and be of higher quality than when plant-rooting hormones are not used.
While there are many plants that root freely on their own, using a root hormone makes the task of propagating difficult plants much easier. Some plants, such as ivy, will even form roots in water, but these roots are never as strong as those that are rooted in soil using a rooting hormone.
How To Use Rooting Hormones
Successful propagation always begins with a fresh and clean cut. Remove leaves from your cutting before starting the rooting process. Place a little bit of the rooting hormone in a clean container.
Never dip the cutting into the rooting hormone container; always put some into a separate container. This keeps the unused rooting hormone from becoming contaminated. Insert the cutting stem about an inch into the root-stimulating hormone. The new roots will form from this area.
Prepare a pot with moist planting medium and plant the dipped stem cutting into the pot. Cover the pot with a clear plastic bag. The new planting should be placed in a sunny location where it will receive filtered light.
While waiting for new root growth, be sure to keep the stem cutting moist and watch for new leaves to form. When new leaves appear, it is a favorable sign that new roots have formed. The plastic bag can be removed at this time. As your plant matures, you can begin caring for it as a new plant.
Klein’s carries Bonide’s Bontone II Rooting Powder in a 1.25 oz. container.
OCTOBER’S PLANT OF THE MONTH:
Bulk Garlic from Seed Savers Exchange of Decorah, IA
Klein’s is happy and excited to be offering a large selection bulk garlic from Seed Savers Exchange of nearby Decorah, IA.
If you’ve never been to Seed Savers, it makes for a great day trip at just three hours away.  Set just a few miles north of beautiful and historic Decorah in the Driftless Area of northeastern Iowa, the visitor center, farm and facilities are nestled in a lovely side stream valley of the Upper Iowa River and on top of the surrounding ridges.  The property is riddled with lovely hiking trails rivaling any in the state parks of southwestern Wisconsin.
Each bulb of garlic that we’re carrying from Seed Savers contains about 10 to 16 individual cloves based on variety.  Seed Savers’ heirloom garlic is also organic.  Bulbs are large and firm for guaranteed success.
October is the best month to plant garlic for next summer’s harvest, so shop early for best selection.
Klein’s is carrying the following bulk garlic varieties:
Broadleaf Czech–Hint of pastel red blush on bulb skins with large, creamy colored cloves. Sweet and mild flavor when cooked. Full, pungent garlic flavor when raw. Originally obtained from the Gatersleben Seed Bank (#146). Softneck, 10-14 cloves per bulb.

 

Chesnok Red–(aka Shvelisi) Originates from the village of Shvelisi, Republic of Georgia. Beautiful purple striped paper with red cloves, easy to peel. Good lingering taste, retains flavor well when cooked. Rated as one of the very best for baking or roasting. Hardneck, 8-10 cloves per bulb.
Early Purple Italian–All purpose, mild-flavored garlic. Extra large heads and large cloves make wonderful braids. Does well in the heat and produces early. Excellent storage qualities. Softneck, 8-12 cloves per bulb.
Elephant–Not a true garlic but actually a type of leek. Huge cloves and much milder flavor than regular garlic. Bulbs can grow 3-5″ in diameter and up to one pound dry weight under ideal conditions. Bulbs average 4-6 cloves.
German Extra Hardy–Vigorous grower with long roots that enable it to overwinter without heaving out of the ground. Outside skin is ivory-white, but the clove skin is dark red. Strong raw flavor, high sugar content, one of the very best for roasting. Hardneck, 4-7 cloves per bulb.
German Red–Large rocambole garlic that grows well in colder regions of the country. Purple-brown clove wrappers, easy to peel. Strong full-bodied flavor. Excellent keeper. Hardneck, 8-10 cloves per bulb.
Inchelium Red–Found growing on the Colville Indian Reservation in Inchelium, Washington. Light purple blotching on very large bulbs. Compound bulbs have large outer cloves as well as medium cloves in the center of the bulb. Rated the best tasting garlic by the Rodale Institute in 1990. Softneck, 12-16 cloves per bulb.
Music–Italian variety brought to Canada by Al Music in the 1980s from his homeland. Bright white bulbs with a hint of pink and brown on clove skins. Large cloves are easy to peel. Rich, sweet, and caramelly when roasted. Delicious and spicy raw flavor. Hardneck, 4-10 cloves per bulb.
AROUND TOWN:
For neighborhood events or garden tours that you would like posted in our monthly newsletter, please contact Rick at (608) 244-5661 or [email protected]. Please include all details, i.e. dates, locations, prices, brief description, etc.  Events must be garden related and must take place in the Madison vicinity and we must receive your information by the first of the month in which the event takes place for it to appear in that month’s newsletter. 
Guided Garden Strolls
Sundays, May 5 thru October 13, 1:30-3:00
Get an insider’s view of Olbrich’s outdoor gardens during a free guided garden stroll. All ages are welcome for this casual overview of the Gardens. Guided garden strolls will vary somewhat according to the season to reflect the garden areas that are at peak interest.
Strolls start and end in the lobby near the Garden entrance and are about 45 to 60 minutes in length. No registration is required; strolls are drop-in only. Strolls are held rain or shine and will be cancelled only in the event of dangerous lightning.
Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.
GLEAM, Art in a New Light
August 28 thru October 26, 2019
Wednesdays thru Saturdays in September from 7:30 p.m.-10:30 p.m. and 6:30 p.m.-9:30 p.m. in October, rain or shine
In the gardens @ Olbrich Botanical Gardens
Definition: Gleam n. a flash of light; n. an appearance of reflected light; v. shine brightly like a star or light; v. appear briefly
GLEAM, Art in a New Light, is an annual exhibit featuring local, national and international artists creating light-based installations throughout Olbrich’s 16-acre outdoor gardens. Visitors wind their way through dimly lit pathways, encountering strange and surprising forms that pulse and shimmer in the night around every corner.
Experience the gardens after dark in a whole new light!
GLEAM will be viewable daily, during regular public daytime hours in September and October. When the sun sets, the Gardens will open for extended viewing hours and art installations will be illuminated.
Admission for the general public is $15 for adults 13 & up ($11 for members) and $7 for children ages 3-12 ($6 for members).
Tickets available at the door starting at 7:30 p.m. pending online ticket sales. Gardens will close to the public at 6 p.m. on evening viewing dates. Last ticket sold at 10 p.m. (9:00 in October).
Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.
Botanic Talk: Invasive Asian Jumping Worms: A 2019 Research Update
Thursday, October 3, from 6:00-7:30 p.m
There is a new invasive species of worm in Southern Wisconsin called “jumping worms”—and they are nothing to jump up and down about. Brad Herrick will be presenting on this important topic.  Brad Herrick holds a B.A. in Biology from Luther College and an M.S. in Ecosystems Studies from UW-Green Bay. For the past 12 years, Brad Herrick has been the ecologist and research program manager at the UW-Madison Arboretum. His research interests include plant community ecology, invasion biology, and environmental monitoring. He also assists in developing long-term restoration plans for Arboretum lands.  Recently he has been investigating the biology, ecology, and control mechanisms of the non-native, invasive jumping worm.
Rotary Botanical Gardens
1455 Palmer Drive
Janesville, WI,
Crackle–Fire & Froth in the Gardens
Friday, October 4, 7:00-10:00 p.m.
Olbrich Botanical Gardens
Be inspired by the beauty of a crisp fall evening in Olbrich’s outdoor gardens. Watch the flames from bonfires dance on the Great Lawn, groove to live music, savor a variety of tasty foods from Food Fight restaurants, and sip frothy Wisconsin brews.  Food and beverage offered at an additional cost.
Must be 21 years old to attend.  In the case of inclement weather the event will be relocated indoors.  A limited number of advance tickets are available.  Additional tickets may be available the day of the event, weather permitting.  Tickets are available both at Olbrich’s Growing Gifts shop or on-line beginning September 3.  Ticket proceeds benefit the Gardens.  Tickets are $25 ($20 for members).
Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.
Fall Bird Hike
Saturday, October 5, 7:00 am – 9:00 am
Walk
You can see more than 170 bird species at the Arboretum during the year. Join us for seasonal guided bird hikes in spring and fall. All experience levels welcome, binoculars recommended. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center. Hikes cancelled for heavy rain or lightning. No registration required, but to help us plan these new hikes, please tell us you’re interested using this form: arboretum.wisc.edu/learn/adult-education/birding-hikes/bird-hike-form/.
University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu
Garden Excursion
Sunday, October 6, 1:30 pm – 2:30 pm
Walk
Learn about Arboretum history, land, and science on a gently paced walk in the gardens. This new monthly stroll offers a multigenerational learning experience on the first Sunday of each month, April–October. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center.
University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu
Cultural Significance of Nature and Gardening to Indigenous Tribal Peoples
Tuesday, October 8, 7:00 pm – 8:30 pm
Fall Lecture Series
Diana Peterson, PhD candidate, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, UW–Madison. To preserve wild rice (Manoomin) is to protect and restore its place in the sacred practices of Wisconsin Native cultures. Peterson’s interviews with the Menominee and Ojibwe Tribal elders highlight the cultural significance of Manoomin along with the importance of preserving a vital natural resource for future generations. Free, no registration required. Suggested $10 donation at the door.
University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu
Fall Bird Hike
Saturday, October 12, 7:00 am – 9:00 am
Walk
You can see more than 170 bird species at the Arboretum during the year. Join us for seasonal guided bird hikes in spring and fall. All experience levels welcome, binoculars recommended. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center. Hikes cancelled for heavy rain or lightning. No registration required, but to help us plan these new hikes, please tell us you’re interested using this form: arboretum.wisc.edu/learn/adult-education/birding-hikes/bird-hike-form/.
University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu
Woodlands Full of Color
Sunday, October 13, 1:00 p.m.-2:30 p.m.
Walk
Enjoy what is usually the peak for fall color in the woodlands. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center.
University of Wisconsin Arboretum
1207 Seminole Highway
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu for details.
Colorful Leaves
Sunday, October 13, 1:30 p.m.-2:30 p.m.
Family Walk
Investigate the science of fall color change and create nature-based arts and crafts. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center.
University of Wisconsin Arboretum
1207 Seminole Highway
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu for details.
Red Lanterns
Sunday, October 20, 1:00 p.m.-2:30 p.m.
Walk
Blackberry leaves turn bright red this month. We will look for other red leaves too, including sumac, Virginia creeper, red maple, and even poison ivy. Perhaps we will spot the red tail feathers of a certain hawk. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center. Presented in conjunction with the Wisconsin Science Festival.
University of Wisconsin Arboretum
1207 Seminole Highway
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu for details.
Herb Fair
Saturday, November 2, 9:00-3:00
Olbrich Botanical Gardens
The Herb Fair annually sponsored by the Madison Herb Society, reaches out to the public through lectures and demonstrations and provides an outlet for members to expand their knowledge and abilities to use herbs.
Hear about herbs from speakers and vendors. Purchase herbal products. Make & take projects, demonstrations, and a Q & A station. Free! Sponsored by the Madison Herb Society. Visit www.madisonherbsociety.org.
Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.
All About Owls
Saturday, November 2, 2:00 p.m.-4:00 p.m.
Class
Learn about Wisconsin’s twelve owl species, focusing on the three that nest in Madison, and how to identify these elusive birds of prey. Habitat, calls, courtship, and adaptations to acquire food will be discussed. Indoor class. Instructor: Sylvia Marek, Arboretum naturalist. Fee: $20. Register by October 29. Meet at the Visitor Center.
University of Wisconsin Arboretum
1207 Seminole Highway
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu for details.
Rotary Botanical Gardens’ Fall Symposium
Saturday, November 2, from 9:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m
Check-in: 8-9:00
Speakers & topics include:
Irvin Etienne, Horticultural Display Coordinator for the Garden at Newfields (Indiana Museum of Art): “Carmen Miranda in the Midwest”
Mark A. Konlock, Director of Horticulture at Green Bay Botanical Garden: “Bulbalicious”
Mark Dwyer, former Director of Horticulture, Rotary Botanical Gardens: “New and Exciting Perennials”
Please note:
Tickets will be available until October 28 or until sold out. This event is limited to 120 people. Get your tickets today! Register @  https://www.eventbrite.com/e/fall-symposium-tickets-70659932761 or http://www.rotarybotanicalgardens.org/wp-content/uploads/Fall-Symposium-2019-Registration-Form.pdf
Cost: $69 for RBG Members and $79 for Non-Members
Rotary Botanical Gardens
1455 Palmer Drive
Janesville, WI,
Dane County Farmer’s Market
Saturdays, April 13 thru November 16, 6:15-1:45
On the Capitol Square
Wednesdays, April 17 thru November 6, 8:30-1:45
In the 200 block of Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd.
For details visit www.dcfm.org
Northside Farmers Market
Sundays, May 5 through October 20, 8:30-12:30
In the Northside TownCenter at the intersection of N. Sherman Ave. and Northport Dr. across from Warner Park.
The Northside Farmers Market is a nonprofit community enterprise. It is one of the newest and fastest growing farmers’ markets in Dane County. In keeping with the innovative spirit of Madison’s Northside, we are surpassing what defines the traditional farmers’ market. Our fundamental principles include:
–Providing an abundant selection of high quality, locally grown foods.
The market accepts Quest, WIC and Senior FMNP vouchers.

 

–Supporting our local agricultural entrepreneurs who are increasingly important today in ensuring that we have the best and safest food possible.

 

–Educating the community about traditional foods and the history of local agriculture in an attempt to preserve (and expand upon) our rich heritage.

 

–Promoting nutrition and the market by hosting dinners for neighborhood groups and seniors.
Parking is always FREE!
OCTOBER IN THE GARDEN-A checklist of things to do this month.
**Although the average first frost date for Madison is about Oct. 6, killing frosts have      occurred as early as September 12 (1955).  Be aware of quick weather changes this time of year.  Be prepared to cover tender plants at any time.
___Visit Olbrich, Rotary or Allen Centennial Gardens and note plants of fall interest for         spring planting and best selection.
___Dig new beds now!  It’s easier now than in spring when super-busy.
___Take geranium, salvia, impatiens, abutilon cuttings before the first freeze.
___Plant spring bulbs now! Plant tulips, daffodils, hyacinths & crocus.
___Plant bulbs for forcing and put in a cool location for 10-12 weeks.
___Plant Christmas amaryllis now for holiday blooms; paperwhites now for Thanksgiving blooms.
___Apply a systemic pesticide to plants to be wintered over indoors.
___Move potted bulbs to be stored like begonias, callas, caladiums and cannas to a garage so they can dry out before storage.
___Dig up and store dahlias, glads, cannas and elephant’s ear after tops freeze.
___Continue planting deciduous shrubs and trees until the ground freezes.
___Divide and plant perennials as desired.
___Clean up stalks and leaves of annuals and vegetables, preventing viruses and pests for  next year’s garden.
___Continue harvesting brussels sprouts, kale, greens and root crops.
___Plant garlic.  October is the best time.
___Stop deadheading perennials for winter interest, i.e. sedums, grasses, etc.
___Cut perennials back to 4-6″, leaving those for winter interest.
___Collect seeds for next year’s garden.
___Plant winter rye as a cover crop for spring tilling.
___Make notes in your garden journal for changes, improvements, etc.
___Take pictures of your garden for record keeping.
___Mow the lawn at shortest setting for last mowing of the season.
___Visit Klein’s—Great selection of mums, kales, cabbages, pansies & more!
Some of our very favorite seed and plant sources include:
For seeds:
Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds @ www.rareseeds.com or 417/924-8887
Burpee @ www.burpee.com or 800/888-1447
Harris Seeds @ www.harrisseeds.com  or 800/514-4441
Johnny’s Select Seeds @ www.johnnyseeds.com or 207/861-3901
Jung’s Seeds @ www.jungseed.com or 800/247-5864
Park’s Seeds @ www.parkseed.com or 800/845-3369
Pinetree @ www.superseeds.com or 207/926-3400
Seeds of Change @ www.seedsofchange.com or 888/762-7333
Seed Savers @ www.seedsavers.org or 563/382-5990
Select Seeds @ www.selectseeds.com or 800/684-0395
Territorial Seeds @ www.territorialseed.com or 888/657-3131
Thompson & Morgan @ www.thompson-morgan.com or 800/274-7333
For bulbs:
Brent & Becky’s Bulbs @ www.brentandbeckysbulbs.com or 877/661-2852
Colorblends @ www.colorblends.com or 888/847-8637
John Scheeper’s @ www.johnscheepers.com or 860/567-0838
McClure & Zimmerman @ www.mzbulb.com or 800/883-6998
For plants:
High Country Gardens @ www.highcountrygardens.com or 800/925-9387
Logee’s Greenhouses @ www.logees.com or 888/330-8038
Plant Delights Nursery @ www.plantdelights.com or 912/772-4794
Roots and Rhizomes @ www.rootsrhizomes.com or 800/374-5035
Wayside Gardens @ www.waysidegardens.com or 800/213-0379
White Flower Farm @ www.whiteflowerfarm.com or 800/503-9624
BEHIND THE SCENES AT KLEIN’SThis is a sneak peek of what is going on each month behind the scenes in our greenhouses.  Many people are unaware that our facility operates year round or that we have 10 more greenhouses on the property in addition to the 6 open for retail.  At any given moment we already have a jump on the upcoming season–be it poinsettias in July, geraniums in December or fall mums in May.
IN OCTOBER:
—-We’ve put any leftover perennials to bed for the winter in one of out unheated back greenhouses.  It’s been a good season…we have very little left to pack away.
—We begin shutting down the back greenhouses.  They remain unheated for the winter allowing energy savings and pest control.
—Weatherizing continues.  We seal up and insulate unused doors and caulk up air leaks.  Water is shut off to the greenhouses not used during the winter.
—Pots, cell packs and trays arrive from our wholesalers in preparation for next spring.  Most are stored in the unused greenhouses out back.  It’s only 3 months till the first of next year’s geranium crop arrive (we already have some of next season’s tropicals).
—Plants begin arriving for the big Garden Expo at the Alliant Energy Center in February.  Herbs, primrose and cool-loving annuals are arriving enforce.
—Cyclamen and azaleas continue to arrive for winter sales.
—We send out our mailings to local churches regarding poinsettia and blooming plant information for the upcoming holidays.  We are proud to say that hundreds of area churches and businesses are decked out with Klein’s HOMEGROWN poinsettias during the holiday season.
—By month’s end the poinsettias begin to change color.  Looking across the greenhouses, one begins to see hints of red, pink and white.  We’ve moved many of our poinsettias into our retail area from the back greenhouses before cold weather sets in.
PERMANENT FEATURES–
KLEIN’S MONTHLY NEWSLETTER
Have our monthly newsletter e-mailed to you automatically by signing up on the right side of our home page.  We’ll offer monthly tips, greenhouse news and tidbits, specials and recipes. . .everything you need to know from your favorite Madison greenhouse.  And tell your friends.  It’s easy to do.
THE MAD GARDENER–“Madison’s Firsthand Source for Expert Gardening Advice”
Ask us your gardening questions by e-mailing us at [email protected].  Klein’s in-house Mad Gardener will e-mail you with an answer as promptly as we can.  The link is posted on our home page and in all newsletters.
We can only answer those questions pertaining to gardening in Southern Wisconsin and we reserve the right to leave correspondence unanswered at our discretion.  Please allow 2-3 days for a response.
TO WRITE A REVIEW OF KLEIN’S, PLEASE LINK TO
FACEBOOK
Follow Klein’s on Facebook where we post updates and photos on a regular basis.
TWITTER
Join Klein’s on Twitter where we post company updates and photos on a regular basis.
SENIOR CITIZEN DISCOUNT
We offer a 10% Off Senior Citizen Discount every Tuesday to those 62 and above.  This discount is not in addition to other discounts or sales.  Please mention that you are a senior before we ring up your purchases.  Does not apply to wire out orders or services, i.e. delivery, potting, etc.
RECYCLING POTS & TRAYS
Plastic flower pots and garden edging can now be recycled as part of the City of Madison’s rigid plastic program. Flowerpots and edging must be free of dirt and can be placed in your green recycling bin. For more information call 267-2626 or visit www.cityofmadison.com/streets/recycling/plastic.cfm
DELIVERY INFO
Klein’s Floral and Greenhouses delivers daily, except Sundays, throughout all of Madison and much of Dane County including: Cottage Grove, DeForest, Fitchburg, Maple Bluff, Marshall, McFarland, Middleton, Monona, Oregon, Shorewood Hills, Sun Prairie, Verona, Waunakee and Windsor.  We do not deliver to Cambridge, Columbus, Deerfield or Stoughton.

Current delivery rate on 1-4 items is $7.95 for Madison, Maple Bluff, Monona and Shorewood Hills;  $8.95 for Cottage Grove, DeForest, Fitchburg, McFarland, Sun Prairie, Waunakee and Windsor; and $9.95 for Marshall, Middleton, Oregon and Verona.  An additional $3.00 will be added for deliveries of 4-10 items and $5.00 added for deliveries of more than 10 items.  For deliveries requiring more than one trip, a separate delivery charge will be added for each trip.

A minimum order of $25.00 is required for delivery.

We not only deliver our fabulous fresh flowers, but also houseplants, bedding plants and hardgoods.  There may be an extra charge for very large or bulky items.

Delivery to the Madison hospitals is $5.95. Deliveries to the four Madison hospitals are made during the early afternoon.  Items are delivered to the hospital’s volunteer rooms and not directly to the patients’ rooms per hospital rules.

There is no delivery charge for funerals in the city of Madison or Monona, although normal rates apply for morning funeral deliveries to Madison’s west side (west of Park St.).  Our normal rates also apply for funeral deliveries in the surrounding communities at all times.  Although we don’t deliver on Sundays, we will deliver funeral items on Sundays at the regular delivery rate.

Morning delivery is guaranteed to the following Madison zip codes, but only if requested: 53703, 53704, 53714, 53716, 53718 and Cottage Grove, DeForest, Maple Bluff, Marshall, McFarland, Monona, Sun Prairie, Waunakee and Windsor.

We begin our delivery day at 8:00 a.m. and end at approximately 3:00 p.m.  We do not usually deliver after 4:00 unless specific exceptions are made with our drivers.

Except for holidays, the following west-side zip codes and communities are delivered only during the afternoon: 53705, 53706, 53711, 53713, 53717, 53719, 53726, Fitchburg, Middleton, Oregon, Shorewood Hills and Verona.

During holidays (Christmas, Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, etc.) we are able to make morning deliveries to all of the above areas. We are not able to take closely timed deliveries on any holiday due to the sheer volume of such requests.

It’s best to give us a range of time and we’ll try our absolute hardest. Orders for same day delivery must be placed by 12:30 p.m. or by 2:30 p.m. for Madison zip codes 53704 and 53714.

DEPARTMENT HEADS:  Please refer all questions, concerns or feedback in the following departments to their appropriate supervisor.
Phone: 608/244-5661 or 888/244-5661
Horticulturalist & General Manager–Jamie VandenWymelenberg  [email protected]
Accounts, Billing and Purchasing—Kathryn Derauf [email protected]
Delivery Supervisor & Newsletter Coordinator—Rick Halbach [email protected]
Owner, Floral Designer & Purchasing—Sue Klein  [email protected]
RELATED RESOURCES AND WEB SITES
University of Wisconsin Extension
1 Fen Oak Ct. #138
Madison, WI 53718
608/224-3700
Plant Disease Diagnostics Clinic
Dept. of Plant Pathology
1630 Linden Dr.
Madison, WI 53706
Insect Diagnostic Lab
240 Russell Labs
1630 Linden Dr.
Madison, WI 53706
U.W. Soil and Plant Analysis Lab
8452 Mineral Point Rd.
Verona, WI 53593
608/262-4364
American Horticultural Society
Garden Catalogs (an extensive list with links)
Invasive Species
Community Groundworks
3601 Memorial Dr., Ste. 4
Madison, WI 53704
608/240-0409
Madison Area Master Gardeners (MAMGA)
Wisconsin Master Gardeners Program
Department of Horticulture
1575 Linden Drive
University of Wisconsin – Madison
Madison, WI 53706
608/265-4504
The Wisconsin Gardener
Allen Centennial Gardens
620 Babcock Dr.
Madison, WI 53706
608/262-8406
Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave.
Madison, WI 53704
608/246-4550
Rotary Gardens
1455 Palmer Dr.
Janesville, WI 53545
608/752-3885
University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888
University of Wisconsin-West Madison
Agricultural Research Center
8502 Mineral Point Rd.
Verona, WI 53593
608/262-2257
PLANTS POISONOUS TO CHILDREN:
Children may find the bright colors and different textures of plants irresistible, but some plants can be poisonous if touched or eaten. If you’re in doubt about whether or not a plant is poisonous, don’t keep it in your home. The risk is not worth it.  The following list is not comprehensive, so be sure to seek out safety information on the plants in your home to be safe.
•Bird of paradise
•Bull nettle
•Castor bean
•Chinaberry tree
•Crocus
•Daffodil
•Deadly nightshade
•Dieffenbachia (dumb cane)
•Foxglove
•Glory lily
•Hemlock
•Holly berry
•Indian tobacco
•Iris
•Jimsonweed
•Lantana
•Larkspur
•Lily of the valley
•Marijuana
•Mescal bean
•Mexicantes
•Mistletoe
•Morning glory
•Mountain laurel
•Night-blooming jasmine
•Nutmeg
•Oleander
•Philodendron
•Poison ivy
•Poison sumac
•Pokeweed
•Poppy
•Potato
•Privet
•Rhododendron
•Rhubarb
•Water hemlock
•Wisteria
PLANTS POISONOUS TO PETS:
Below is a list of some of the common plants which may produce a toxic reaction in animals. This list is intended only as a guide to plants which are generally identified as having the capability for producing a toxic reaction.  Source:  The National Humane Society website @  http://www.humanesociety.org/
•Aconite
•Apple
•Arrowgrasses
•Autumn Crocus
•Azaleas
•Baneberry
•Bird-of-Paradise
•Black locust
•Bloodroot
•Box
•Buckeye
•Buttercup
•Caladium
•Carolina jessamine
•Castor bean
•Chinaberry tree
•Chockcherries
•Christmas berry
•Christmas Rose
•Common privet
•Corn cockle
•Cowbane
•Cow cockle
•Cowsliprb
•Daffodil
•Daphne
•Day lily
•Delphinium (Larkspur)
•Dumbcane
•Dutchman’s breeches
•Easter lily
•Elderberry
•Elephant’s ear
•English Ivy
•European Bittersweet
•Field peppergrass
•Foxglove
•Holly
•Horsechestnut
•Horse nettle
•Hyacinth
•Iris
•Jack-in-the-pulpit
•Jerusalem Cherry
•Jimsonweed
•Lantana
•Larkspur
•Laurels
•Lily of the valley
•Lupines
•Mayapple
•Milk vetch
•Mistletoe
•Monkshood
•Morning glory
•Mustards
•Narcissus
•Nicotiana
•Nightshade
•Oaks
•Oleander
•Philodendrons
•Pokeweed
•Poinsettia
•Poison hemlock
•Potato
•Rhododendron
•Rhubarb
•Rosary pea
•Sago palm
•Skunk cabbage
•Smartweeds
•Snow-on-the-mountain
•Sorghum
•Star of Bethlehem
•Wild black cherry
•Wild radish
•Wisteria
•Yellow jessamine
•Yew