‘THE SAGE’-Klein’s Online Newsletter—JULY 2019 
Klein’s Floral & Greenhouses
608/244-5661 or [email protected]
Klein’s Supports Olbrich’s 2019 Home Garden Tour
Our ‘Mad Gardener’ Is Ready for Your Questions
Flowers Boost Morning Moods
What’s the Deal With the ‘Chelsea Chop’?
Klein’s Favorite Seed, Bulb & Plant Sources
Concerns About Tropical Milkweeds
You Asked the Mad Gardener About Munched Hostas
Plant of the Month:  Liatris (Gayfeather)
Klein’s Favorite Mint Recipes
Product Spotlight:  Organic Pesticides for Vegetable Gardeners 
Notes from Rick’s Garden Journal—From June 2019
—The Scoop on Nightshades
—The Eclectic Garden
July in the Garden:  A Planner
Gardening Events Around Town
Review Klein’s @:  Yelp, Google Reviews or Facebook Reviews
Join Us on Twitter 
Follow Us on Facebook


KLEIN’S IS A PROUD SUPPORTER OF THE 2019 OLBRICH HOME GARDEN TOUR being held Friday, July 12 and Saturday, July 13 from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Tickets are $13 for Olbrich members and $15 for the general public.


Olbrich’s 2019 Home Garden Tour features the Gorgeous Gardens of Stoughton


For the first time, Olbrich’s Home Garden Tour will feature the gorgeous gardens of Stoughton, a bedroom community just a hop, skip, and jump outside of Madison. Explore exquisite home gardens that offer a look into each gardener’s individual sense of creativity, style, and beauty.


Tour-day tickets will be available at the garden site located furthest north in the Scenic Heights neighborhood. This lovely home garden showcases 18 flower beds and an extensive plant collection hidden away in what the homeowner calls, “my own little paradise”. Next, venture to the heart of downtown Stoughton to a collection of six garden sites in a walkable (1.2 miles, one-way) neighborhood that includes many historic homes. Be inspired by spectacular containers gardens, a terraced hillside with a cascading waterfall, raised veggie beds, metal garden sculptures, and spectacular outdoor living oasis.


Talk with homeowners, landscape architects, and Master Gardeners to get tips on how to incorporate various garden techniques into your own home landscape!
This annual two-day fundraiser helps support the mission and daily operations of Olbrich Gardens.


Advance tickets available for purchase at Olbrich’s Growing Gifts Shop.


Tour Day tickets available at garden site: 1814 Hildebrandt St, Stoughton, WI 53589


Visit www.olbrich.org for more information and a garden sneak preview.


“Madison’s Firsthand Source for Expert Gardening Advice”


Ask any of your gardening questions by e-mailing them to us at [email protected].  Klein’s in-house Mad Gardener will e-mail you with an answer as promptly as we can.  We’ve also posted a  link to this e-mail address on our home page for your convenience.  Your question might then appear in the “You Asked” feature of our monthly newsletter.  If your question is the one selected for our monthly newsletter, you’ll receive a small gift from us at Klein’s.  The Mad Gardener hopes to hear from you soon!


Sorry, we can only answer those questions pertaining to gardening in Southern Wisconsin and we reserve the right to leave correspondence unanswered at our discretion.  Please allow 2-3 days for a response.


Please note that our Mad Gardener is not only an expert gardener, but can answer  all of your indoor plant questions as well.


FOR NEIGHBORHOOD EVENTS OR GARDEN TOURS that you would like posted on our web site or in our monthly newsletters, please contact Rick at (608) 244-5661 or [email protected].  Please include all details, i.e. dates, locations, prices, brief description, etc.  Events must be garden related and must take place in the Madison area.


Monday thru Friday :  8:00-6:00
Saturday:   9:00-5:00
Sunday:         10:00-4:00


Open Thursday, July 4:  10:00-4:00


July 4–Independence Day.  Special Store Hours:  10:00-4:00.  Check out special savings on select items.  Selection is excellent and quality remains top notch. Visit our website for current specials.  Make Klein’s your first stop en route to any Fourth of July celebration you might have.


July 12 & 13Olbrich Garden’s 2019 Home Garden Tour.  See above for details or visit www.olbrich.org for more information.


July 16–Full Moon




Harvard: Flowers Boost Morning Moods
Recent research confirms that flowers might be the perfect pick-me-up for millions of Americans who do not consider themselves “morning people.” Participants of a behavioral study conducted by researchers at Harvard University and Massachusetts General Hospital confirmed that they feel least positive in the early hours but reported being happier and more energetic after looking at flowers first thing in the morning.


“The morning blahs, it turns out, is a real phenomenon, with positive moods – happiness, friendliness and warmth, for example – manifesting much later in the day,” says lead researcher Nancy Etcoff, Ph.D. “Interestingly, when we placed a small bouquet of flowers into their morning routines, people perked up.”


Dr. Etcoff is referencing the fact that participants in the study responded to the flowers, which had been placed in rooms they frequented in the morning. Overall, the participants reported they liked to look at the blooms first thing in the morning, particularly in the kitchen. The final study results demonstrate that flowers impact people emotionally at home, causing them to feel less anxious and more compassionate. They even reported a boost of energy that lasted through their day.


“What I find interesting is that by starting the day in a more positive mood, you are likely to transfer those happier feelings to others – it’s what is called mood contagion,” says Etcoff. “And, the kitchen is the place where families tend to gather in the morning – imagine how big a difference a better morning mood can make.”


Source:  The Society of American Florists’ website @ www.aboutflowers.com.


How do you prevent rabbits from eating hosta?  Sue


Hi Sue,


A question . . . is the damage necessarily caused by rabbits? . . .


If you are in an area with deer or woodchucks, they tend to cause far more ongoing hosta damage than rabbits. Rabbits ‘tend to’ eat hostas only early in the season (through June)–until more desirable food sources become available.  Deer (and woodchuck) damage, on the other hand, is persistent throughout the growing season.  Rabbit damage occurs generally only on the young and tender leaves in spring.  The plants will grow out of it as the summer progresses, yet damage to the older lower leaves (where the damage first occurred) will be visible all season.  Deer and woodchucks will continue to gnaw hostas down to the ground as long as they have access to them.  Their damage can be devastating because the plants never have a chance to recover.


For rabbits, a temporary small fence made out of chicken wire will usually work until the rabbits find other food sources and the first batches of their young mature and find more preferable food.  The young tend to nibble on anything until they find plants they like better.  For deer or woodchucks, a fence must  become a permanent garden feature.  For all of the above, customers have found fox urine to be rather effective.  Fox urine must be reapplied weekly or after rains.


Slugs are another possible culprit for the damage.  Their damage is usually visible as holes throughout the leaves and leaf edges.  With the warm and damp weather we’ve been experiencing, slugs are making an early appearance.  Hostas are one of their favorite foods.  Slugs are essentially snails without a shell. They hide out in damp, shady places.  All garden centers sell slug bait and/or diatomaceous earth (ground mollusk shells that damage the slugs’ bodies).  People find homemade beer baits are also very effective.  In addition, dry weather will cause their populations to drop.


So, back to the original question–is the damage definitely caused by rabbits?
If so, put up the temporary fence and wait it out.  They’ll usually leave the hostas
alone in just a few short weeks.


Thanks for your question and hope to hear from you soon!  Please keep me up to date!


. . . about the Chelsea Chop means of pruning to control the height and flower power of select perennials?


The following very informative article for perennial gardeners appeared in the most recent issue of Fine Gardening magazine.


What’s the Deal With the Chelsea Chop?
By Danielle Sherry


Pretty much any gardening book that’s worth its salt mentions the Chelsea Chop—but most do only that. The introduction of the concept is usually followed by some variation of this sentence: “Cut the plants back by a third or half to delay bloom and limit size.” But the how, why, and what are rarely discussed. The Chelsea Chop can be used to great effect if you’re trying to create peak season combinations. It often allows you to ensure that plants which don’t normally bloom in tandem with each other reach their peak at a similar time. There are several other benefits too, as well as some drawbacks.


What is it?
The Chelsea Chop is a method of pruning that limits the size, controls the flowering season, and often decreases the flopping of a number of herbaceous perennials.


When do I do it?
The Chelsea Chop got its name from the famous garden show that takes place in England in late May— which is historically when the pruning method should be used. However, depending on where you live in the country, the chopping is best done in late spring or early summer, or when the plant has a fairly substantial amount of vegetative growth.


What is the upside?
Typically plants aren’t as tall or leggy, so they may not need to be staked or supported. The flowers may be smaller but in many cases are more numerous. This happens because the removal of the top shoots enables the side shoots to branch out more.


Are there drawbacks?
You can’t do the chop on all summer-blooming plants— for instance, woody subshrubs don’t respond well. Also, if your spring has been particularly dry, performing such a drastic pruning may do more harm than good to your plants, sending them into a shock that they may not recover from.


What plants are ideal candidates?
Many summer- and autumn-flowering perennials, such as these, are perfect for the Chelsea Chop.


Garden phlox (Phlox paniculata and cvs., Zones 4–9)
Yarrow (Achillea spp. and cvs., Zones 3–9)
Bellflower (Campanula spp. and cvs., Zones 4–9)
Aster (Symphyotrichum spp. and cvs., Zones 4–8)
Coneflower (Echinacea spp. and cvs., Zones 3–9)
Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia spp. and cvs., Zones 3–9)
Upright sedum (Hylotelephium spp. and cvs., Zones 3–7)
Penstemon (Penstemon spp. and cvs., Zones 3–8)
Golden marguerite (Anthemis tinctoria and cvs., Zones 3–7)
Sneezeweed (Helenium spp. and cvs., Zones 3–8)
Goldenrod (Solidago spp. and cvs., Zones 3–9)
Shasta daisy (Leucanthemum × superbum and cvs., Zones 5–9)


How do I do it?
There are two ways to do this simple pruning.


Method 1:  Chop back clumps of perennials by one-third to one-half using shears. This will delay the flowering until later in summer and keep plants shorter and more compact.


Method 2:  Cut only half the stems back on a plant, which will extend the season of flowering rather than delay it.



PRODUCT SPOTLIGHTEach month we spotlight some product that we already carry or one that we’ve taken note of and plan to carry in the near future.  Likewise, if you would like to see Klein’s to carry a product that we don’t currently, please let us know.  Our goal is to be responsive to the marketplace and  to our loyal clientele.  If a product fits into our profile, we will make every effort to get it into our store.  In addition, we may be able to special order an item for you, whether plant or hard good, given enough time.


Two Organic Pesticides for Vegetable Gardeners 
By Jon Traunfeld from the University of Maryland Extension


“My pepper plants look terrible”; “something is eating my tomato plants”; there are brown spots all over my cucumber leaves”. These are a few of the many laments that we hear during the summer. We teach the integrated pest management (IPM) approach and the first step in IPM is correct identification of the problem. In many cases, the problem is fleeting or results in very little real injury to the plant. Gardeners can often correct or prevent problem with simple techniques- removing infected leaves or plants, hand-picking an insect pest, covering plants with a floating row cover, etc. Applying pesticides is rarely warranted in a food garden. But some pest problems can greatly reduce plant growth and harvest if not managed.


Here are two commercially available organic pesticides you may find useful if faced with significant insect and disease problems. In this context, the word “organic” simply means approved for organic farming by certifying organizations. Home gardeners can find these products at garden centers, hardware stores, big box stores, and via the internet.


Copper Fungicides
When different formulations of copper are dissolved in water, copper ions are released into solution. These copper ions are toxic to fungi and bacteria because of their ability to destroy proteins in plant tissues. However, because copper can kill all types of plant tissues, the use of copper fungicides carries the risk of injuring foliage and fruit of most crops. Factors contributing to injury include: 1) the amount of actual copper applied, and 2) cold, wet weather (slow drying conditions) that apparently increases the availability of copper ions and, thus, increases the risk of plant injury.


Diseases copper will control: it’s a fungicide/bactericide and will control a wide range of common vegetable diseases including anthracnose (leaf and fruit); early blight and Septoria leaf spot of tomato/potato; bacterial leaf spot of pepper; powdery mildew, downy mildew, angular leaf spot, gummy stem blight of cucurbits. Copper fungicides have shown limited effectiveness in preventing late blight infections.


Bordeaux- copper sulfate (also known as blue vitriol or bluestone) was the original copper fungicide. When this mined material was combined with lime in French vineyards, it became known as Bordeaux mixture.


Fixed copper fungicides: following the discovery and use of Bordeaux mixture, several relatively insoluble copper compounds or fixed coppers were developed. Fixed copper formulations (e.g. tribasic copper sulfate) are available in liquid or dry form and are less injurious to plant tissues than Bordeaux mixture.


—Bonide Liquid Copper Fungicide- 10% Copper Octanoate (Copper soap); 1.8% metallic copper (Available at Klein’s)
—Ortho Garden Disease Contro- .08% Copper Soap
—Kocide (dry/flowable or wettable powder)- cupric hydroxide (20-50% metallic copper)
—Ready-to-use (RTU) copper fungicides are also available.  Klein’s carries an RTU version from Bonide.


How to use: it is a protectant and must be applied prior to infection. It will not “cure” infections- just prevent new ones. The smaller the particle/droplet size the better. Don’t apply on very hot days and don’t over-apply. Typical rates are 1-3 teaspoons per gallon of water. The dried spray will degrade and needs to be re-applied in 7-10 days. Don’t mix with other pesticides. Cautions: although safe to use with a long storage life, copper can build up in the soil and become a contaminant- use it sparingly. It should be used as a last resort for persistent vegetable diseases.


Spinosad (Insecticide)
Spinosad was developed in the mid-1990s. It’s a secondary metabolite from the aerobic fermentation of Sacharopolyspora spinosa (a naturally occurring soil microorganism). Spinosad is a nerve and stomach poison and must be ingested to kill insects. Paralysis and death occur within minutes although insects may remain on the plant for up to two days. Spinosad has limited translaminar activity, meaning it can move somewhat into leaf tissue. This makes it effective against leafminers that feed within leaves. It has very low toxicity to non-target organisms including pollinators and other beneficial insects.


Spinosad will control: caterpillars (e.g. armyworms, European corn borer, cabbageworm, corn earworm, cutworms, hornworm) and borers, thrips, leafminers, sawflies, Colorado potato beetle. Less effective on beetles and not effective against sucking insect pests such as bugs and aphids.


—Bonide Captain Jack’s Deadbug Brew Ready to Spray .5%
—Bonide Colorado Potato Beetle Beater- Concentrate .5%
—Monterey Garden Insect Spray – 16 Oz. Concentrate
—Gardens Alive- Bulls-Eye (http://www.gardensalive.com (link is external)
**Note that Klein’s carries products from Bonide


How to use: Only a small amount per gallon is required- about 4 tablespoons per gallon of water). It’s very important not to spray spinosad more than 2—3 times per growing season to reduce the risk of pests developing resistance to the active ingredients. Organic farmers alternate spinosad with B.t. for controlling caterpillar pests.



NOTES FROM MY GARDEN JOURNAL–Tips and Observations from My Own Garden by Rick Halbach


ENTRY: JUNE 12, 2019 (Kiss-Me-Over-the-Garden-Gate)
A number of years back, I was given a number of kiss-me-over-the-garden-gate seedlings from a coworker’s garden and to this date, it remains one of my very favorite garden plants.  Tall and showy, this heirloom hand-me-down is never without interest. And once established in the garden this tough-as-nails annual will reliably volunteer seedlings each and every year.  I simply allow the ones to grow that I’d like to keep and remove (or move) those that I don’t.  The seedlings are easy to recognize, but late to sprout, so I need to be careful when weeding in early June.


Kiss-me-over-the-garden-gate (Polygonum orientale) is a relative of the common knotweed.  Dangling spikes of pink or white, tiny, bell-shaped flowers are held high on 5 to 10 foot plants that are especially lovely at the back of the border or in a cottage garden.  Leaves are large, heart-shaped and deep green, though variegated varieties are available.  Kiss-me-over-the-garden-gate is almost always started from seed and is rarely offered at garden centers, though you’ll sometimes find plants at farmers’ markets.  The black, hard seeds must be prechilled before they’ll germinate.  I sow mine in a shallow container, water them, place them in a ziplock and then chill them in the refrigerator for about a month.  Once warmed  and sprouted, I transplant individual seedlings into large cell packs or peat pots.


Kiss-me-over-the-garden-gate is a hummingbird magnet and blooms until the first frosts.  Though attractive to Japanese beetles, damaged plants make a quick recovery once the beetles are gone in late summer and early fall.  Plants like to be kept moist and wilt easily in hot afternoon sun.  Staking improves appearance and sturdiness in strong winds.  The flower spikes make a  great cut flower and are very long lasting in the vase.


* * * * *


ENTRY: JUNE 20, 2019 (The Scoop on Nightshades)
Catching up on some reading today, I came across the following article in the newest issue of Eating Well magazine.


The Scoop on Nightshades
By Julie Stewart


Tomatoes, eggplants, okra, potatoes and all manner of peppers (bell and otherwise):  these familiar produce picks are members of the nightshade family. Like other fruits and veggies, they pack plenty of beneficial nutrients like cholesterol-reducing lycopene in tomatoes and potatoes’ blood-pressure-lowering potassium. So why are they non grata in some diets?


Nightshades contain compounds (such as glycoalkaloids and tropane alkaloids) that nightshade opponents claim increase inflammation in the body, leading to health issues. “In high concentrations, these compounds are quite toxic,” says Gauray Moghe, Ph.D., an assistant professor of plant biology at Cornell University. (They’re what make ornamental nightshades like petunias unfit to eat.) While edible nightshades also have some of these same compounds, he says the levels are so teeny that they’re harmless for the majority of healthy individuals and no solid research suggests otherwise.


Some folks with inflammatory conditions, such as eczema, psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease, report feeling better after nixing nightshades, but the research is far from definitive.  In some studies, participants eliminated multiple food groups—so, was it the nightshades or something else? Plus, some improvements were self-reported.


Bottom line: If you have an inflammatory condition, talk to your doctor and see if it’s worth trying a nightshade-elimination diet. Otherwise, as long as you feel fine when you eat grilled eggplant or a tomato sandwich, keep enjoying these nutritious plants.



* * * * *


ENTRY: JUNE 27, 2019 (The Eclectic Garden)
Eclectic, adj.:  Selecting individual elements from a variety of sources or styles.


Upon opening the bathroom blinds this morning I gazed into my garden and here’s what I saw;  straight ahead a huge, semi-modern, blue glazed terra cotta fountain that I picked up at he end of the season a few years back for $10 (it’s chipped); above it a , some say, gaudy , yet functional, wren house in shape of a large, purple eggplant (got it for $1); to the left of it a very rusted butterfly garden stake that someone gave to me many, many years ago, it’s antennae and a wing long gone.  To my left, an ever-present string of multicolored Christmas lights lines the deck’s privacy fence.  And all around I view the hodgepodge, mismatched assortment of plastic and clay pots I’ve collected over the years, filled with hot pink impatiens, bright orange begonias, misshapen fuchsias, a poinsettia from last Christmas, and a couple of gangly 4’ tall Brazilian vervain (because I had a few left at the end of planting and they needed to go somewhere).  Oddly, this insanity all works and is strikingly beautiful.


Beauty is in the eye of the beholder!


KLEIN’S RECIPES OF THE MONTHThese are a selection of relatively simple recipes chosen by our staff.  New recipes appear monthly.  Enjoy!!


Crinkle-leafed spearmint (Mentha spicata) is among the easiest, most versatile, most common and most flavorful of all garden herbs.  But gardeners beware–mint has its wicked side.  In the garden setting, mint can be the bully of all bullies.  Left unchecked, members of the mint family can take over a garden in no time.  But grown in containers or in a confined space, spearmint is a  must have for any herb enthusiast and cook.  Spearmint is the most common of the mints and is used in beverages, salads, soups, desserts and in many, many ethnic dishes from around the world.


The following delicious mint recipes were shared with us by Klein’s staff member Amy Free.


FRUIT SALAD DRESSING—”This dressing is fabulous when tossed on berries, stone fruits, watermelon, and green grapes!” Adapted from Vegetarian Times 2009
¼ cup fresh mint leaves (chocolate mint or other peppermint is wonderful)
1/3 cup sugar
2 T fresh lemon or lime juice
½ cup water


Bring water and sugar to boil in saucepan.  Simmer 2 minutes.  Remove from heat, stir in mint and juice.  Steep 15 minutes.  Strain to remove mint.  Thoroughly chill before dressing fruit.


COLLEGE SUMMER” PASTA-“I don’t know where this recipe idea first came from, I only know I saw something like it in a magazine during my last summer at college.  The combination seems odd at first, but it works!”
1-2 T butter
1 cup fresh, sugar snap peas in pods, threads removed
½ cup fresh spearmint leaves (lemon balm can also work)
Half of a small cucumber, peeled
Dry spaghetti noodles broken into 1-inch pieces
Shredded parmesan


Put butter in a large bowl and set aside.  Cook the pasta as directed, adding the peas for the last 30 seconds of cook time. Drain well and dump hot pasta and peas onto butter.  Fold to thoroughly coat.  Chiffonade the mint leaves by rolling them tightly and slicing into fine ribbons.  Fold them into pasta while still warm.  Slice the cucumber to make half-moons or quarters, then slice ¼-inch thick. Add parmesan to taste.  Place cucumbers on top.  Serve at room temperature.


BLUEBERRY MINT GIN FIZZ—”Mojitos are amazing, but sometimes you want something differently minty.”  Adapted from Country Living.
4-5 fresh limes, juiced to make ¾ cup
¾ cup blueberry jam (Stonewall Kitchen Wild Maine Blueberry Jam is fantastic)
1 cup fresh mint leaves, torn in large pieces
1-2 cups gin
1L club soda
Lime slice or mint sprig to garnish


Muddle lime and torn mint in glass pitcher.  Add jam and stir.  (Jam can be warmed in microwave for 5-10 seconds to become syrupy, if needed.)  Add gin to taste.  Blend well and chill.  When ready to serve, add club soda, pour over ice in rocks glasses, garnish, and enjoy!




Tropical Milkweed Concerns
Source: Garden Gate magazine, August 2019, @ www.gardengatemagazine.com


You may have seen exciting new cultivars of tropical milkweed (Asclepias currassavica, with vibrant colored blooms and variegated foliage. Monarch caterpillars love the leaves, so they are great food sources.  But we’ve learned they are to be planted with a bit of caution in more southern states.


In warm regions, tropical milkweed stay leafy later in the fall, or even all winter, so there is some concern that butterflies will linger at the nectar-filled flowers, laying their eggs that hatch and mature too late to migrate.  The evergreen foliage may also harbor spores of the protozoan parasite OE (Ophryocystis elektroscirrha), which can cause butterfly deformities. Until more studies can determine if tropical milkweed’s year-round foliage is a serious factor in these concerns, southern gardeners are recommended to cut plants close to the ground in mid-fall.  Foliage will grow back after monarchs have migrated past, to become a host plant for the butterflies returning in the spring.


Here in the north, where plants are killed by frost, neither of these issues is a problem.




LIATRIS (Blazing Star, Gayfeather)
No perennial bed or border should be without the many liatris that are native to Wisconsin prairies and meadows.  These garden stalwarts are durable, sturdy and long-lived and are available in shades of purple and white.  The long-lasting flowers spikes are a common component in mixed floral arrangements, adding height and texture.


Plants arise from corms; a bulb-like structure that stores the plant’s energy during the winter months.  Native Americans dug the corms and stored them as a winter food source.  Clumps spread slowly and never need to be divided–rare among perennials  Many of the native prairie species self-sow for a continued source of new plants.


Interestingly this member of the daisy family (Compositae) blooms starting at the top of the flower spike, working its way down the stem over a period of several weeks.  Flower stalks are packed with up to 100 individual flowers.  The attractive foliage is grass-like and holds up well all summer.


Plants are sometimes late to emerge in the spring so care must be taken as not to damage dormant plants.


There are liatris species for all parts of the perennial bed.  Some species prefer moist soil, while others prefer dry to sandy, lean soil.  Either way, all liatris prefer well-drained soil in full sun for best results.


Liatris species are a food source for many of Wisconsin’s native pollinators so are a must for any bee and butterfly garden.  All liatris species available at garden centers are at least Zone 4 hardy.


Though sold out for this season (due in part to Madison’s interest in preserving pollinator habitats), Klein’s carries an impressive selection of liatris in the springtime; including the following favorites:


Liatris aspera (Rough Blazing Star)
This is a native of the Eastern U.S.  Unlike the other gayfeathers, the flower heads are placed further apart on the flower stalk, revealing incurved papery bracts.  Plants have a looser, more wildflower appearance than the more commonly used Liatris spicata..  This liatris grows to about 3-5 feet tall.


Liatris ligulistylis (Meadow Blazing Star)
No garden plant–no , not even milkweed–will attract more monarch butterflies to your garden than this liatris species.  Plants tend to be tall and usually need staking, but the added energy spent is worth the reward!  On warm, sunny days, beginning in August, up to a dozen or more monarchs are often seen sipping nectar from a single flower stalk.  This Wisconsin native has pinkish lavender flowers and grows to 4-5 feet tall.


Liatris spicata
This is the most widely cultivated species.  This native to moist meadows of the eastern U.S. is more compact and sturdy than many liatris choices, making it the best choice for most perennial gardens.  The densely packed flower spikes rarely need staking, especially the variety ‘Kobold’, a very compact and sturdy cultivar with dark purple flowers.  A white version is also available.  Height tops out at about 3’ for the species.  ‘Kobold’ grows to just 2 feet.


Liatris pycnostachya (Prairie Blazing Star)
Though extremely hardy in Wisconsin, prairie blazing star is actually native to areas further south in the U.S., but has naturalized throughout southern Wisconsin meadows and prairies.  Stems are tall and sturdy and held above sturdy grass-like foliage.  This blazing star has been used in American gardens since the early 1700’s, brought back to the eastern United States by early settlers of the Great Plains.  This was the most common species used as a food source by Native Americans.  Plants grow to 4-5 feet.


For neighborhood events or garden tours that you would like posted in our monthly newsletter, please contact Rick at (608) 244-5661 or [email protected]. Please include all details, i.e. dates, locations, prices, brief description, etc.  Events must be garden related and must take place in the Madison vicinity and we must receive your information by the first of the month in which the event takes place for it to appear in that month’s newsletter. 


Guided Garden Strolls
Sundays, May 5 thru October 13, 1:30-3:00


Get an insider’s view of Olbrich’s outdoor gardens during a free guided garden stroll. All ages are welcome for this casual overview of the Gardens. Guided garden strolls will vary somewhat according to the season to reflect the garden areas that are at peak interest.


Strolls start and end in the lobby near the Garden entrance and are about 45 to 60 minutes in length. No registration is required; strolls are drop-in only. Strolls are held rain or shine and will be cancelled only in the event of dangerous lightning.


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


2019 Summer Concert Series at Olbrich Gardens
Enjoy the evening with a concert on the Great Lawn of Olbrich’s outdoor gardens. Bring a lawn chair or blanket. Picnics are allowed in the Gardens for Tuesday concerts only. Hot dogs and brats available for purchase from the Madison East Kiwanis Club. In case of rain, concerts will be held indoors. Olbrich’s Summer concerts are Tuesdays, June 18 – August 13 at 7 p.m. A $2 admission donation is suggested.


Olbrich Concerts in the Gardens 2019 Schedule:
(All concerts are on Tuesdays at 7 p.m.)


July 2
Gin, Chocolate & Bottle Rockets—Pop-Rock


July 9
Down From The Hills—Bluegrass


July 16
Mal-O-Dua—Hot Hawaiian & French Guitar


July 23
Proud Parents—Power Pop Rock


July 30
Panchromatic Steel—Island Music


August 6
Madison Public Library’s Summer Reading Club Concert


August 13
Fresco Opera-Opera Made Fresh.  Live opera performances in different locations throughout the Gardens. Stand and stroll concert viewing; no seating provided.


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


56th Annual Lodi Art in the Park
Saturday, July 6, 10:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m.
Habermann Park, Lodi (Follow the signs from Main St., Lodi (State Hwy 113) to Fair Street and Habermann Park.)


Featuring fine arts, crafts, music, children’s activities, and great food nestled in the shade of the trees along Spring Creek.  Free admission.


Sponsored by the Lodi Art Club


For more information call 608-770-5940


Garden Excursion
Sunday, July 7, 1:30 pm – 2:30 pm


Learn about Arboretum history, land, and science on a gently paced walk in the gardens. This new monthly stroll offers a multigenerational learning experience on the first Sunday of each month, April–October. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center.


University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu


A Prairie Birthday
Sunday, July 7, 1:00 pm – 2:30 pm


On this walk, named for an Aldo Leopold essay, we will look for the blooming plants he wrote about, including blazing-stars, prairie grasses, and many sunflower species. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center.


University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu


2019 Summer Sundays: Concerts in the Garden at Allen Centennial Garden
Add a little bit of musical enjoyment to your Sunday afternoons this summer with Summer Sundays: Concerts in the Garden. This concert series will feature some of the best musical groups in Madison ranging from classical to jazz chamber music. The concerts will be held alternating Sunday afternoons starting June 23 and ending September 1, from 5-6:15 p.m.


This event is free and open to the public. Brought to you by the Friends of Allen Centennial Garden.


July 7
Gerri DiMaggio World Jazz Unit
As original as it is enticing, Gerri’s music is a sultry mix of Brazilian Jazz along with a fresh blend of jazz standards. Her seductive sound invites the audience into her own creative and colorful world. “DiMaggio has a deliciously husky insinuatingly sexy delivery with just the right touch of parlando.”


July 21
Dave Larson Quintet
This classic combo anchors its repertoire in jazz standards from the 1950-60’s, featuring innovative arrangements adapted for the group. Tight horns and sizzling rhythm section turn in a high energy show with a few soulful ballads to mix it up.


August 4
Tommy Mattioli with Mambo Blue
Vibe virtuoso and Madison native Tommy Mattioli returns from New York to join Mambo Blue, Madison’s class Cal Tjader-styled quintet that blends colorful orchestrations with infections Latin rhythms to offer a sizzling set of steamy and evocative Latin jazz.


August 18
Gaines & Wagoner (aka The Stellanovas)
An eclectic mix of Americana—original and classic tunes ranging from folk to jazz, bluegrass to blues, honky-tonk and a little singer-songwriter. Jazz fiddle, old-time duo vocals, a jangle of acoustic strings, heart-stopping jazz ballads – Gaines & Wagoner resist classification. With Doug Brown (guitar) and Eric Radloff (drums).


September 1
Golpe Tierra
The irresistible acoustic groove of Golpe Tierra again kicks off Summer Sundays 2019! Nick Moran, Juan Tomas Martinez, Tony Barba, and Richard Hildner make up this guerrilla-style ensemble, employing the traditional Afro-Peruvian guitar-bass-cajón set-up. The group embarks on a musical journey throughout Latin-America, flirting with blues, jazz, and shades of soul. This uniquely- presented original and traditional music is sure to get you out of your seat to dance!


Allen Centennial Gardens
620 Babcock Dr. on the University of WI campus, Madison
608/576-2501 or allencentennialgarden.org for details.


AHS National Convention Boutique
Wed. 7/10–12:00 – 6:00 p.m.
Thurs. 7/11–10:00 – 6:00 p.m.
Fri. 7/12—3:30 – 6:00 p.m.
Sat. 7/13–3:30 – 6:00 p.m.
Marriot West Convention Center, 1313 John Q. Hammons Dr., Middleton, WI 53562


Garden art, mosaics, chocolates, woven baskets, jewelry, fine art, sewn and quilted items, fused glass, bird houses, metal art, floral art, photography, hair accessories, embroidered clothing, garden tools, plant vendors including Japanese maples, dwarf conifers, miniature alpine plants, daylilies, hostas, iris, peonies, succulents and much more!


Bring your friends! The public is welcome. There’s a giant raffle and silent auction!


Olbrich Home Garden Tour
Featuring the Gorgeous Gardens of Stoughton
Friday, July 12 and Saturday, July 13, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.


For the first time, Olbrich’s Home Garden Tour will feature the gorgeous gardens of Stoughton, a bedroom community just a hop, skip, and jump outside of Madison. Explore exquisite home gardens that offer a look into each gardener’s individual sense of creativity, style, and beauty.


Tour-day tickets will be available at the garden site located furthest north in the Scenic Heights neighborhood. This lovely home garden showcases 18 flower beds and an extensive plant collection hidden away in what the homeowner calls, “my own little paradise”. Next, venture to the heart of downtown Stoughton to a collection of six garden sites in a walkable (1.2 miles, one-way) neighborhood that includes many historic homes. Be inspired by spectacular containers gardens, a terraced hillside with a cascading waterfall, raised veggie beds, metal garden sculptures, and spectacular outdoor living oasis.


Talk with homeowners, landscape architects, and Master Gardeners to get tips on how to incorporate various garden techniques into your own home landscape!


Advance tickets available for purchase at Olbrich’s Growing Gifts Shop.


Tour Day tickets available at garden site: 1814 Hildebrandt St, Stoughton, WI 53589


Tickets are $13 for Olbrich members and $15 for the general public.


*Garden site addresses are listed on the tour tickets, which can be purchased at Olbrich Gardens prior to the tour. The garden site addresses are only published on the tour tickets to protect the homeowners’ privacy.


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


Rotary Garden’s Home Garden Tour
Saturday, July 13, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m (rain or shine)


One Day, Nine Gardens, Endless Inspiration!
Tour nine local gardens, including Rotary Botanical Gardens during our 25th Annual Home Garden Tour! The Tour begins at 9 a.m. and goes until 3 p.m. You may begin the tour at anytime during this event.


Live music will accompany garden tour stops as well as information regarding the property and history. Meet the owners, speak with volunteers, and get inspired!


Tickets are available for purchase at Rotary Botanical Gardens and K&W Greenery, beginning June 28. The tour may be completed in any order and your ticket booklet is required for entry at each tour stop. On the day of the Tour, tickets may be purchased at Rotary Botanical Gardens, or any of the 2018 HGT sites.


Tickets are $10 in advance and $12 the day of the tour.


Interested in volunteering at this event? Contact the Volunteer Department @ [email protected]. Volunteers are welcome to experience the Home Garden Tour, free of charge.


Rotary Botanical Gardens
1455 Palmer Drive
Janesville, WI,


Butterflies Flutter By
Sunday, July 14, 1:30-2:30 p.m.
Family Walk


We will explore the prairies and gardens looking for monarch butterfly eggs, caterpillars, and adults as we learn about butterflies and their life cycles. Designed for families with children ages 3–11. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center.


University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu


Plants for Pollinators
Wednesday, July 17, 7:00 p.m.
Garden Tour


Learn more about summer-blooming native and ornamental species in Arboretum gardens. Susan Carpenter, Arboretum native plant gardener, will highlight plants and gardening practices that support essential pollinators in urban/suburban landscapes. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center.


University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu


Olbrich’s Blooming Butterflies
July 18-August 11
Daily from 10:00-4:00
In the Bolz Conservatory


Experience the magnificence of free-flying butterflies while strolling through the tropical Bolz Conservatory. Live butterflies emerge from chrysalises daily in the Conservatory, including low-flyers like the playful yellow and black striped zebras and bright orange julias.


More than a dozen species of butterflies, native to both Wisconsin and the more tropical areas of the southern United States can be seen at various times during the exhibit.


The life span of different butterflies varies from a few weeks to a few months. All flying butterflies are allowed to live out their natural lives in the Conservatory, with food sources remaining for them after the exhibit dates.


Monarch Meet-Up
Learn about the plight of the Monarch through Monarch Meet-Up, a new program designed to educate visitors about the declining population of monarch butterflies and challenge visitors to take ACTION in monarch conservation.


Butterfly Action Day
Friday, August 2
10 a.m. – 2 p.m.
Join us for a special day with representatives from local monarch conservation organizations! Interactive displays focused on monarch butterflies will highlight what you can do to help the population. Monarchs make one of the longest known insect migration on earth and everyone can make a difference in supporting their spectacular journey! No cost to attend or participate, but there is a separate cost to enter Blooming Butterflies.


The cost is $8 for adults, $5 for children ages 3-12, and free for children 2 and under. Olbrich Botanical Society members are admitted free. Parking is free. Bus tours are welcome; groups of 10 or more must register by calling 608/246-4550.  The Bolz Conservatory will be closed Monday, July 16 and Tuesday, July 17 in preparation for Olbrich’s Blooming Butterflies.


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


Garden Excursion
Sunday, August 4, 1:30 pm – 2:30 pm


Learn about Arboretum history, land, and science on a gently paced walk in the gardens. This new monthly stroll offers a multigenerational learning experience on the first Sunday of each month, April–October. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center.


University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu


Dane County Farmer’s Market
Saturdays, April 13 thru November 16, 6:15-1:45
On the Capitol Square


Wednesdays, April 17 thru November 6, 8:30-1:45
In the 200 block of Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd.


For details visit www.dcfm.org


Northside Farmers Market
Sundays, May 5 through October 20, 8:30-12:30
In the Northside TownCenter at the intersection of N. Sherman Ave. and Northport Dr. across from Warner Park.


The Northside Farmers Market is a nonprofit community enterprise. It is one of the newest and fastest growing farmers’ markets in Dane County. In keeping with the innovative spirit of Madison’s Northside, we are surpassing what defines the traditional farmers’ market. Our fundamental principles include:


–Providing an abundant selection of high quality, locally grown foods.
The market accepts Quest, WIC and Senior FMNP vouchers.


–Supporting our local agricultural entrepreneurs who are increasingly important today in ensuring that we have the best and safest food possible.


–Educating the community about traditional foods and the history of local agriculture in an attempt to preserve (and expand upon) our rich heritage.


–Promoting nutrition and the market by hosting dinners for neighborhood groups and seniors.


Parking is always FREE!



JULY IN THE GARDEN-A checklist of things to do this month.
___Pinch hardy mums until July 4 for bushier less floppy plants.
___Begin sowing and transplanting cole crops for fall harvest.
___Fertilize and mulch asparagus beds.
___Give the garden at least 1” of moisture per week.
___Mow as little as possible and with mower raised to at least 2”.
___Mulch beds to conserve moisture and keep down weeds.
___Deadhead spent blooms as needed.
___Stake and support tall plants as needed.
___Cut spent perennials to the ground to encourage new growth.
___Divide daylilies as they finish blooming.
___Fertilize potted plants at least every 2 weeks.  Follow directions.
___Order spring bulbs from catalogs while your memory is still fresh.
___Keep and eye on the weather.  Water as needed.
___Watch for pests and control as needed or desired.
___Stop fertilizing roses by late July.
___Visit Klein’s—Watch for end of season savings on annuals, perennials & shrubs.


Some of our very favorite seed and plant sources include:


For seeds:
Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds @ www.rareseeds.com or 417/924-8887
Burpee @ www.burpee.com or 800/888-1447
Harris Seeds @ www.harrisseeds.com  or 800/514-4441
Johnny’s Select Seeds @ www.johnnyseeds.com or 207/861-3901
Jung’s Seeds @ www.jungseed.com or 800/247-5864
Park’s Seeds @ www.parkseed.com or 800/845-3369
Pinetree @ www.superseeds.com or 207/926-3400
Seeds of Change @ www.seedsofchange.com or 888/762-7333
Seed Savers @ www.seedsavers.org or 563/382-5990
Select Seeds @ www.selectseeds.com or 800/684-0395
Territorial Seeds @ www.territorialseed.com or 888/657-3131
Thompson & Morgan @ www.thompson-morgan.com or 800/274-7333


For bulbs:
Brent & Becky’s Bulbs @ www.brentandbeckysbulbs.com or 877/661-2852
Colorblends @ www.colorblends.com or 888/847-8637
John Scheeper’s @ www.johnscheepers.com or 860/567-0838
McClure & Zimmerman @ www.mzbulb.com or 800/883-6998


For plants:
High Country Gardens @ www.highcountrygardens.com or 800/925-9387
Logee’s Greenhouses @ www.logees.com or 888/330-8038
Plant Delights Nursery @ www.plantdelights.com or 912/772-4794
Roots and Rhizomes @ www.rootsrhizomes.com or 800/374-5035
Wayside Gardens @ www.waysidegardens.com or 800/213-0379
White Flower Farm @ www.whiteflowerfarm.com or 800/503-9624


BEHIND THE SCENES AT KLEIN’SThis is a sneak peek of what is going on each month behind the scenes in our greenhouses.  Many people are unaware that our facility operates year round or that we have 10 more greenhouses on the property in addition to the 6 open for retail.  At any given moment we already have a jump on the upcoming season–be it poinsettias in July, geraniums in December or fall mums in May.


—Watering is a nonstop endeavor.  On hot, windy days, we no sooner finish the first round, when we have to start all over again.  Some plants in our retail areas may need watering 3 or 4 times in a single day!  You wouldn’t do this at home, but customers don’t like to see wilted plants.  It’s not harmful for us to let them wilt a bit, but it makes for bad presentation.


—Yes, the poinsettias arrive.  The small plants are potted and placed in a warm greenhouse out back where they are constantly misted for a few days until they begin rooting out.  After a few weeks they are individually pinched for sturdy and bushy growth.


—Summer maintenance projects are under way.


—We transplant our fall cole crops into cell packs along with our fall pansies and violas.


Have our monthly newsletter e-mailed to you automatically by signing up on the right side of our home page.  We’ll offer monthly tips, greenhouse news and tidbits, specials and recipes. . .everything you need to know from your favorite Madison greenhouse.  And tell your friends.  It’s easy to do.


THE MAD GARDENER–“Madison’s Firsthand Source for Expert Gardening Advice”
Ask us your gardening questions by e-mailing us at [email protected].  Klein’s in-house Mad Gardener will e-mail you with an answer as promptly as we can.  The link is posted on our home page and in all newsletters.


We can only answer those questions pertaining to gardening in Southern Wisconsin and we reserve the right to leave correspondence unanswered at our discretion.  Please allow 2-3 days for a response.




Follow Klein’s on Facebook where we post updates and photos on a regular basis.


Join Klein’s on Twitter where we post company updates and photos on a regular basis.


We offer a 10% Off Senior Citizen Discount every Tuesday to those 62 and above.  This discount is not in addition to other discounts or sales.  Please mention that you are a senior before we ring up your purchases.  Does not apply to wire out orders or services, i.e. delivery, potting, etc.


Plastic flower pots and garden edging can now be recycled as part of the City of Madison’s rigid plastic program. Flowerpots and edging must be free of dirt and can be placed in your green recycling bin. For more information call 267-2626 or visit www.cityofmadison.com/streets/recycling/plastic.cfm



Klein’s Floral and Greenhouses delivers daily, except Sundays, throughout all of Madison and much of Dane County including: Cottage Grove, DeForest, Fitchburg, Maple Bluff, Marshall, McFarland, Middleton, Monona, Oregon, Shorewood Hills, Sun Prairie, Verona, Waunakee and Windsor.  We do not deliver to Cambridge, Columbus, Deerfield or Stoughton.

Current delivery rate on 1-4 items is $7.95 for Madison, Maple Bluff, Monona and Shorewood Hills;  $8.95 for Cottage Grove, DeForest, Fitchburg, McFarland, Sun Prairie, Waunakee and Windsor; and $9.95 for Marshall, Middleton, Oregon and Verona.  An additional $3.00 will be added for deliveries of 4-10 items and $5.00 added for deliveries of more than 10 items.  For deliveries requiring more than one trip, a separate delivery charge will be added for each trip.


A minimum order of $25.00 is required for delivery.

We not only deliver our fabulous fresh flowers, but also houseplants, bedding plants and hardgoods.  There may be an extra charge for very large or bulky items.

Delivery to the Madison hospitals is $5.95. Deliveries to the four Madison hospitals are made during the early afternoon.  Items are delivered to the hospital’s volunteer rooms and not directly to the patients’ rooms per hospital rules.

There is no delivery charge for funerals in the city of Madison or Monona, although normal rates apply for morning funeral deliveries to Madison’s west side (west of Park St.).  Our normal rates also apply for funeral deliveries in the surrounding communities at all times.  Although we don’t deliver on Sundays, we will deliver funeral items on Sundays at the regular delivery rate.


Morning delivery is guaranteed to the following Madison zip codes, but only if requested: 53703, 53704, 53714, 53716, 53718 and Cottage Grove, DeForest, Maple Bluff, Marshall, McFarland, Monona, Sun Prairie, Waunakee and Windsor.

We begin our delivery day at 8:00 a.m. and end at approximately 3:00 p.m.  We do not usually deliver after 4:00 unless specific exceptions are made with our drivers.

Except for holidays, the following west-side zip codes and communities are delivered only during the afternoon: 53705, 53706, 53711, 53713, 53717, 53719, 53726, Fitchburg, Middleton, Oregon, Shorewood Hills and Verona.

During holidays (Christmas, Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, etc.) we are able to make morning deliveries to all of the above areas. We are not able to take closely timed deliveries on any holiday due to the sheer volume of such requests.

It’s best to give us a range of time and we’ll try our absolute hardest. Orders for same day delivery must be placed by 12:30 p.m. or by 2:30 p.m. for Madison zip codes 53704 and 53714.


DEPARTMENT HEADS:  Please refer all questions, concerns or feedback in the following departments to their appropriate supervisor.
Phone: 608/244-5661 or 888/244-5661


Horticulturalist & General Manager–Jamie VandenWymelenberg  [email protected]
Accounts, Billing and Purchasing—Kathryn Derauf [email protected]
Delivery Supervisor & Newsletter Coordinator—Rick Halbach [email protected]
Owner, Floral Designer & Purchasing—Sue Klein  [email protected]


University of Wisconsin Extension
1 Fen Oak Ct. #138
Madison, WI 53718


Plant Disease Diagnostics Clinic
Dept. of Plant Pathology
1630 Linden Dr.
Madison, WI 53706


Insect Diagnostic Lab
240 Russell Labs
1630 Linden Dr.
Madison, WI 53706


U.W. Soil and Plant Analysis Lab
8452 Mineral Point Rd.
Verona, WI 53593


American Horticultural Society


Garden Catalogs (an extensive list with links)


Invasive Species


Community Groundworks
3601 Memorial Dr., Ste. 4
Madison, WI 53704


Madison Area Master Gardeners (MAMGA)


Wisconsin Master Gardeners Program
Department of Horticulture
1575 Linden Drive
University of Wisconsin – Madison
Madison, WI 53706


The Wisconsin Gardener


Allen Centennial Gardens
620 Babcock Dr.
Madison, WI 53706


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave.
Madison, WI 53704


Rotary Gardens
1455 Palmer Dr.
Janesville, WI 53545


University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711


University of Wisconsin-West Madison
Agricultural Research Center
8502 Mineral Point Rd.
Verona, WI 53593


Children may find the bright colors and different textures of plants irresistible, but some plants can be poisonous if touched or eaten. If you’re in doubt about whether or not a plant is poisonous, don’t keep it in your home. The risk is not worth it.  The following list is not comprehensive, so be sure to seek out safety information on the plants in your home to be safe.
•Bird of paradise
•Bull nettle
•Castor bean
•Chinaberry tree
•Deadly nightshade
•Dieffenbachia (dumb cane)
•Glory lily
•Holly berry
•Indian tobacco
•Lily of the valley
•Mescal bean
•Morning glory
•Mountain laurel
•Night-blooming jasmine
•Poison ivy
•Poison sumac
•Water hemlock


Below is a list of some of the common plants which may produce a toxic reaction in animals. This list is intended only as a guide to plants which are generally identified as having the capability for producing a toxic reaction.  Source:  The National Humane Society website @  http://www.humanesociety.org/
•Autumn Crocus
•Black locust
•Carolina jessamine
•Castor bean
•Chinaberry tree
•Christmas berry
•Christmas Rose
•Common privet
•Corn cockle
•Cow cockle
•Day lily
•Delphinium (Larkspur)
•Dutchman’s breeches
•Easter lily
•Elephant’s ear
•English Ivy
•European Bittersweet
•Field peppergrass
•Horse nettle
•Jerusalem Cherry
•Lily of the valley
•Milk vetch
•Morning glory
•Poison hemlock
•Rosary pea
•Sago palm
•Skunk cabbage
•Star of Bethlehem
•Wild black cherry
•Wild radish
•Yellow jessamine