‘THE SAGE’-Klein’s Online Newsletter—AUGUST 2019
Klein’s Floral & Greenhouses
608/244-5661 or [email protected]


Klein’s 11th Annual Most Beautiful Garden Contest
Check Out Our Current End-of-Season Specials
A Semi-load of Fresh Houseplants Has Arrived
Our ‘Mad Gardener’ Is Ready for Your Questions
A Checklist For Ordering Flowers from Klein’s
Diggers Hotline
Klein’s Favorite Seed, Bulb & Plant Sources
Mowing For Monarchs
You Asked the Mad Gardener About a Coneflower Dilemma
Plant of the Month: Caryopteris (Bluebeard)
Klein’s Favorite Zucchini Recipes
Product Spotlight: Systemic Insect Control from Bonide
Notes from Rick’s Garden Journal—From July 2019
—Hardscaping 101: Gabion Walls
—That Roadside Weed with the Pretty Sky Blue Flowers
—Poinsettias in the Summer Garden
August in the Garden: A Planner
Gardening Events Around Town
Review Klein’s @: Yelp, Google Reviews or Facebook Reviews
Join Us on Twitter
Follow Us on Facebook


Think you have the Most Beautiful Garden? Perhaps all of that hard work and creativity can literally pay off by entering our Most Beautiful Garden Contest. We invite individual households to submit photographs along with our entry form to Klein’s via our online form. Entries are due August 24, 2019. On Sunday, August 25 all of the entries will be uploaded to our Facebook page and voting begins!


Winners are chosen by you and your friends! All entries will be uploaded to our Facebook page where everyone can vote on the most beautiful garden. The winners will be determined by the number of likes his/her garden receives.Prizes for 1st, 2nd and 3rd places include gift cards for a Klein’s shopping spree.


They say pictures say a thousand words and sometimes the most simple of designs says more than the most elaborate. Visit www.kleinsfloral.com/garden-contest for details and entry information.


Buy One, Get One Free on all Remaining Annuals. We continue to have a beautiful supply of 5” annuals to freshen up your tired looking containers or to fill in bare spots in your flower beds. There are at least two months of summer left to enjoy the added beauty and color to your garden.


—25% Off All Remaining Perennials, Shrubs and Potted Fruits While Supplies Last.


—25% Off All Remaining Tropicals, Large 6”+ Annuals, & Flowering Hanging Baskets. Please note that this sale does not include houseplants.


Specials may change as the month progresses, supplies run out and as our fall crops become available later in the month


A SEMI-LOAD OF HOUSEPLANTS HAS ARRIVED FROM FLORIDA! Quality and selection are now at their peak. Some of our more interesting items include a selection of air plants, curly-leaved dracaenas, terrarium miniatures, birds-of-paradise, colorful bromeliads and unique succulents, in addition to indoor tropicals in all shapes and sizes.


“Madison’s Firsthand Source for Expert Gardening Advice”


Ask any of your gardening questions by e-mailing them to us at [email protected]. Klein’s in-house Mad Gardener will e-mail you with an answer as promptly as we can. We’ve also posted a link to this e-mail address on our home page for your convenience. Your question might then appear in the “You Asked” feature of our monthly newsletter. If your question is the one selected for our monthly newsletter, you’ll receive a small gift from us at Klein’s. The Mad Gardener hopes to hear from you soon!


Sorry, we can only answer those questions pertaining to gardening in Southern Wisconsin and we reserve the right to leave correspondence unanswered at our discretion. Please allow 2-3 days for a response.


Please note that our Mad Gardener is not only an expert gardener, but can answer all of your indoor plant questions as well.


FOR NEIGHBORHOOD EVENTS OR GARDEN TOURS that you would like posted on our web site or in our monthly newsletters, please contact Rick at (608) 244-5661 or [email protected]. Please include all details, i.e. dates, locations, prices, brief description, etc. Events must be garden related and must take place in the Madison area.


Monday thru Friday : 8:00-6:00
Saturday: 9:00-5:00
Sunday: 10:00-4:00


Open Labor Day, Monday, September 2: 10:00-4:00


Throughout August, visit Klein’s and check out our specials on perennials, shrubs and remaining annuals. Specials and selection change weekly so give us a call for the most up-to-date information at (608) 244-5661 or toll free at 888-244-5661 or on our home page @ www.kleinsfloral.com. We pride ourselves in having the best cared for plants in even the hottest weather.


And later in August, watch for the appearance our fall mums, ornamental kales and cabbages, mixed fall containers and cool weather vegetables, including; chard, kale, lettuces and cole crops. We still have a nice selection of seeds for the fall vegetable garden, including; radishes, spinach, lettuce and SO much more!


August 15–Full Moon


September 2–Labor Day. Special Store Hours: 10:00-4:00




A Checklist For Ordering Flowers from Klein’s:


—When ordering floral gifts, describe the recipient’s personality type, as well as his/her favorite hobbies or colors if you know them. Klein’s designers (Darcy, Sue, Andrea or Bonnie) can match the floral arrangement with the recipient’s personality.


—Tell us if the gift is for a special occasion (birthday, anniversary or other personal milestone). We can offer suggestions on how to best celebrate with flowers.


—If the flowers are for decorating or entertaining, describe the environment where the arrangement will be placed so our designer can create an arrangement that complements the style and colors of of the event.


—Consider bringing in your own vase or container for an added personal touch.


—Ask us for specific colors or color themes.


—Let Klein’s know if you prefer a mixed flower arrangement or an arrangement made up of just one type of flower.


—Be ready to provide us with the necessary basic information:
◦Full address and phone number of the recipient
◦The delivery date
◦Your card message. See below for some common card message options.
◦Payment information


Whether sending flowers across the country or around the corner, Klein’s provides the expertise, convenience and service today’s on-the-go consumers are looking for.


Common Card Message Options:


For a Birthday—
•Celebrating you!
•Wishing you a year filled with the same joy you bring to others!
•Hoping your wishes come true year after year.
•Like a fine wine, you improve each year.
•The day you were born is a daily celebration.
•Wishing you a very happy birthday . . . and many more!
•You’re not getting older, you’re getting better.
•May today be filled with sunshine and smiles, laughter and love.
•Love on your birthday and everyday.
•Enjoy this gift that’s as beautiful as the birthday girl herself.


As a Get Well—
•Hoping these flowers brighten not only your room, but your heart.
•Loving thoughts are tucked inside this bundle of flowers!
•Good health starts with a happy heart. Hope these flowers start the job!
•Hope you’re back on your feet soon.
•Hoping that you’ll bloom again soon.
•Sending you healing thoughts and a little sunshine to brighten your day.
•Sending you some get well cheer!
•To brighten your day!
•Loving relief for your aches and pains.
•Wishing you a speedy recovery.
•We miss you! Come back soon!
•Hope you’re feeling better soon.


Love & Romance—
•All my love.
•Love and kisses.
•You take my breath away…today and every day.
•With you it’s Valentine’s Day 365 days a year.
•I send a kiss inside the petals of each rose…
•You are the love of my life.
•You are the reason I’m alive.
•”True love is friendship set on fire.” (French Proverb)
•Roses are red, violets are blue, what would I do without you!?
•Always and forever.
•I wish there were more ways to say all that you are to me. Love always.
•My heart is filled with love for you.
•Flowers today. Fireworks tonight!
•I usually tell you “I love you” two or three times a day. Today I’ll make it a dozen.
•How sweet it is to be loved by you!
•If actions speak louder than words, this is my way of shouting.
•I don’t need a holiday to say I love you.
•I’m delivering you a kiss to last all week.


For a New Baby—
•Congratulations! May your baby be blessed, his/her road forward a blessed adventure!
•We share in your celebration of the new life you created!
•We welcome your dear new child to this world with love.
•Congratulations, and enjoy the years together!
•A little one brings so much fun!
•Enjoy this special time!
•Babies are special, babies are fun, congratulations on your new little one!
•Welcome to the family!
•I’m not an expert on babies yet, but I sure can take care of Mom!
•Another miracle in this world. Welcome!


•Please know our loving thoughts embrace you.
•Please accept these flowers and hear the words we are not able to speak.
•My thoughts and prayers are with you.
•Thinking of you in these difficult times.
•May the peace that comes from the memories of love shared comfort you now and in the days ahead.
•Our hearts are filled with sorrow.
•We’re sharing your sorrow.
•With deepest sympathy.
•In loving memory.
•With heartfelt condolences.
•Fondest remembrances.
•May you take comfort in knowing there is one more angel above us.
•You are in our thoughts and prayers.


Source: The Society of American Florists website @ aboutflowers.com


I have a prairie in my yard with lots of coneflower (echinacea). The last couple of years, in the fall, something eats almost through the stem near the flower. The flower head tips over and dangles at the top of the stalk. I have never been able to see anything doing this. Any ideas? Pat


Hi Pat,
Critter ID’d!!! The following article is from Melinda Myers (Wisconsin’s gardening guru!)


Sunflower Head Clipping Weevil
Clipped and dangling coneflowers, sunflowers, and some of the other members of the aster family mean the sunflower head-clipping weevil is busy at work in your garden.


The shiny black weevil feeds about 1 to 1 ½ inches below the flower. They eat a ring of small holes around most of the flower stem. Enough tissue remains so the flower head falls over yet it hangs on a thin bit of tissue. The female enters the flower to feed on the pollen and lay eggs. The flower eventually falls to the ground, eggs hatch and the immature weevil, a worm-like larvae, moves into the ground for winter. Next spring the larvae pupates, then transforms into a weevil and starts feeding on the flower stems in mid-summer.


Remove clipped flower heads from the plant and drop them in a can of soapy water. This kills the adult weevil and reduces the risk of future infestations.


A bit more information: Fortunately this pest is not life threatening, just annoying. Once discovered, monitor plantings to minimize damage and further reduce future infestations.


Thanks for your question,
Klein’s Mad Gardener


. . . that it’s state law to contact Diggers Hotline before planting a tree or shrub or digging a new garden bed?


Anyone digging, or planning on digging, in the State of Wisconsin, no matter how big or small the job, is required by law to contact Diggers Hotline at least three working days before digging. Many homeowners in Wisconsin have a long list of outdoor projects that need to be tackled in the spring and summer months. These projects could include anything from a new patio, to installing a fence, to simply planting a garden, shrubs or trees…all requiring the help of Diggers Hotline


Diggers Hotline was established in 1976 to increase worker and public safety, prevent damage to underground and overhead facilities, protect the environment and to help ensure continuity of utility and communication services. Wisconsin’s one-call center has helped millions of callers obtain information on the location of underground facilities and safe working distances from overhead lines — all for absolutely no cost to the caller.


Q: What is Diggers Hotline?
A: Diggers Hotline is a free service that you use before you do any kind of digging to make sure you don’t damage underground lines.
Let us know at least three working days before you start digging and we will help you avoid costly or dangerous buried lines by alerting the owners of lines in the digging area. Diggers Hotline is not responsible for the actual marking of the lines.


Q: Will all of the lines be marked on my property?
A: Diggers Hotline coordinates between excavators (such as a homeowner) and the owners of buried lines. It’s up to the owners of the lines to mark the locations near your job site with paint and/or flags. Private lines, such as an electric line to a detached garage or other out-building or a line from a propane tank that may be on your property, are considered the responsibility of the landowner. A locating company can be hired to mark private lines.


Q: What are private lines and why don’t they get marked?
A: Private lines are facilities that are owned by homeowners or private businesses and are contained fully on their property. Because these lines do not cross in to the public right-of-way they are not required to be members of Diggers Hotline and will not be notified of locate requests.Examples of private lines include propane lines, sewer laterals, sprinkler systems, ornamental lighting and electric lines to a barn or garage.


Q: Do I have to call if I’m only using hand tools?
A: Yes, and it doesn’t matter how deep you are digging. State law (Wisconsin Statute 182.0175) requires notifying Diggers Hotline before you excavate, grade, trench, dig, drill, augur, tunnel, scrape, plow cable or pipe. Excavation, according to the law, means anything that moves, removes or displaces earth rock or other material in or on the ground.


Source: The Diggers Hotline website @ www.diggershotline.com/home


PRODUCT SPOTLIGHTEach month we spotlight some product that we already carry or one that we’ve taken note of and plan to carry in the near future. Likewise, if you would like to see Klein’s to carry a product that we don’t currently, please let us know. Our goal is to be responsive to the marketplace and to our loyal clientele. If a product fits into our profile, we will make every effort to get it into our store. In addition, we may be able to special order an item for you, whether plant or hard good, given enough time.


Systemic Insect Control from Bonide
If planning on bringing any plants indoors that have spent the summer outside, it’s almost (during the first week of September) the time to begin preventative measures to avoid bringing insect pests inside along with your plants. It’s far better to begin a regular routine now than to deal with pest problems once established indoors.


Systemic pesticides, unlike those directly sprayed on the insect, are absorbed by the plant itself and makes the plant toxic for insects to feed on them. Soft tissued plants absorb the chemicals quicker than woody plants which require the 4-6 week period for the systemic to work. We recommend starting Labor Day weekend for application for two reasons. First off, it happens to fall in that 4-6 week window before our average killing frost. Secondly, it’s easy to remember to apply it at about the same time from year to year.


The Bonide systemic we sell at Klein’s comes in two sizes (the smaller size packaged for houseplants and the larger for garden plants though the exact same product in both). The systemic needs to be reapplied about every 5 weeks throughout the winter to prevent insect infestations. When one brings plants indoors, we not only bring in the adults, but also their unhatched eggs. Reapplying also prevents plant-to-plant infestations. The most common indoor plant pests controlled by the systemic include aphids, whiteflies, mealybugs, spider mites and thrips. Though mentioned on the label, we’ve found the systemic a little too mild to rid plants of scale and it seems relatively ineffective against the fungus gnats that live in the soil.


Carefully use the product according to package instructions; usually a few teaspoons stirred into the surface soil of your average sized potted plant. Dosage is based on pot size and soil volume, not plant size. For application, use a disposable plastic teaspoon and not a dinner spoon. Apply the systemic when the plants need to be watered and once applied, water them thoroughly. It’s not recommended to use the systemic in rooms where small children or pets have access to the treated plants.


NOTES FROM MY GARDEN JOURNAL–Tips and Observations from My Own Garden by Rick Halbach


ENTRY: JULY 2, 2019 (Hardscaping 101: Gabion Walls)
During a recent trip to Chicago, I visited a restaurant whose outdoor patio was surrounded by the most eye-catching, yet simply designed retaining wall composed of field stone encased in metal fencing. Only recently have I learned this type of structure/art actually has a name, long history and is used in many applications.


Gabion (noun): a wirework container filled with rock, broken concrete, or other material, used in the construction of dams, retaining walls, etc.


Hardscaping 101: Gabion Walls
From the banks of the Nile to your backyard, gabion walls are a boon to the landscape. Used for thousands of years by military and structural engineers, gabions provide an attractive, effective, and inexpensive retaining-wall system.


What are gabions?
Derived from an old Italian word, gabbione, meaning “big cage,” gabions are enclosures that can be filled with any sort of inorganic material: rock, brick, or concrete debris. The cages were originally wicker, but now are usually a welded mesh made of sturdy galvanized, coated, or stainless steel wire that won’t bend when filled with rocks. In landscaping, gabion walls can support an earth wall, stabilize the soil, prevent erosion, and more.


What is the history of gabion walls?
About 7,000 years ago, early gabion-type structures protected the banks of the Nile. In the medieval era, gabions were employed as military fortifications. Later they were used for structural purposes in architecture. Evidently, Leonardo da Vinci used gabion for the foundations of the San Marco Castle in Milan. In recent history, civil engineers have used gabions extensively to stabilize shorelines, riverbanks, highways, and slopes against erosion.


What are the benefits of gabion walls?
History has shown that gabions are a lasting solution to soil erosion. Other reasons to use them:
—Aesthetics: Gabions look natural and can tie a house to the landscape by using filler materials excavated from the site or the local terrain.
—Environmental friendliness: When onsite material is used as filler, transportation costs and associated fuel consumption are eliminated.
—Sustainability: Used as shade screens in hot climates, gabion walls provide passive cooling; they allow air to move through, providing ventilation.
—Permeability: Gabions are permeable and free-draining; they can’t be washed away by moving water.
—Easy installation and built-in strength: The stone fill settles to the contours of the ground beneath it and has such frictional strength that no foundation is required. In fact, the wall’s strength and effectiveness may increase with time, as silt and vegetation fill the voids and reinforce the structure. Another advantage over more rigid structures: Gabions can conform to ground movement.


What material can you use to fill a gabion wall?
Rock is the most typical filler for its durability, longevity, and stability. Often the filler is chosen for its aesthetic attributes, or by what can be recycled from a site. Some considerations depend on a wall’s purpose. For a retaining wall, the rock must be dense enough to support the load. A hard rock such as basalt is typical.


Can I use gabions for more than just retaining walls?
Absolutely. Gabions can be reinvented for many garden uses: benches, outdoor fire surrounds, fence foundations, pond surrounds, planters, even pillars for water taps.


The previous article is by Janet Hall @ www.gardenista.com


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ENTRY: JULY 3, 2019 (That Roadside Weed with the Pretty Sky Blue Flowers)
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) is a summer-blooming phenological indicator plant. It’s said when the first flowers of chicory open, not only do Japanese beetles first appear, but now is the right time to prevent damage from the squash vine borer as the eggs are laid. The chicory has now just begun blooming here along the streets and medians in the Madison area…and like clockwork the Japanese beetles have arrived. Chicory is so tough, I find it growing in the cracks in my driveway and sidewalk.


If you live in the US, you have more than likely seen this bright blue flowered, slightly scraggly looking herb/weed. It grows in every part of the country, and has become so common that many of us don’t even notice it along the roadside. Chicory deserves more respect than it is given however. One of the oldest known herbal writings from the first century even mentions it. Brought to the colonies and then naturalized throughout the country, chicory is an herb that offers a bright spot in the garden, a delicious root for roasting and making a warming beverage, a delicious green for our salads (endive is a chicory) and fodder for livestock.


Chicory came to us from Europe, probably arriving with the first European settlers. Many of our common roadside weeds, including chicory, are found in every state and have long been naturalized here. A theory I’ve heard is that they may have been mixed in with the hay and bedding that was used to bring over the first animals that our forefathers brought when the colonies were established on the East coast.


The use of roasted chicory roots as an adulterant for coffee seems to be a French thing, possibly starting during the Napoleonic era when supplies of coffee were disrupted during the Revolution. In the U.S., chicory-laced coffee is found primarily in New Orleans.


The principle ingredients of chicory root are two polysaccharide, inulin and fructose. When roasted, inulin is converted to oxymethylfurfurol, a compound with a coffee-like aroma.


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ENTRY: JULY 23, 2019 (Poinsettias in the Summer Garden)
Believe it or not, one of my favorite foliage plants to use in the summer landscape is the poinsettia. Few plants relish our summer heat and humidity as well as the poinsettia.


In my own garden, six small, almost leafless and yellowed plants left over at the greenhouse from last Christmas and planted in two large containers are now over three feet tall and equally wide shrubs that fill large spaces in my perennial beds. I essentially have two beautiful specimen plants were there were none before. The variety I have is called ‘Tapestry’ and has eye-catching green and gold variegated foliage. The bright red petioles add more color to this already stunning plant. Friends often ask what these unique looking shrubs are and where they can purchase them. The pots they’re planted in is hidden by the perennials surrounding them so they appear to be planted in the ground. By summer’s end, the plants are oftentimes well over four feet tall!


In order to thrive, poinsettias in the garden require a very sunny spot protected from strong winds. The hotter the summer, the better they perform.


I usually throw out my ‘over-summered’ poinsettias at season’s end. That said, I’ve also brought them in to Klein’s in years past to use as large display plants for the holidays. The past few summers, however, due to inattentiveness on my part, my plants became infested with whiteflies (the most common poinsettia pest) and became unusable in the greenhouse with the new season’s poinsettias already in stock. Given the gorgeous plants this season, maybe I’ll be a little more vigilant against whiteflies in the upcoming months.


KLEIN’S RECIPES OF THE MONTHThese are a selection of relatively simple recipes chosen by our staff. New recipes appear monthly. Enjoy!!


Unlike their winter counterparts, summer squashes are eaten skin and all. Of the summer squashes, zucchinis are exceptionally versatile. They can be eaten raw in salads or cooked in soups, stews, casseroles, breads, or on their own sautéed in olive oil with a little salt and pepper. Zucchini production in the garden is a sure sign that summer is here and once plants start producing, there’s no shortage of zucchini for weeks to come. It’s always good to have a number of zucchini recipes on hand awaiting the influx. Fresh zucchini does not store well and should be used within a few days of harvest.


The following zucchini recipes all use a large amount of zucchini in their preparation. All are tried-and-true favorites of Klein’s staff members.


SUPER EASY ZUCCHINI QUICK DISH—This simple concoction appears in From Asparagus to Zucchini: A Guide to Farm-Fresh Seasonal Produce. You can be very creative with this family favorite.


Simply fill a very large frying pan with chunks of onion, summer squash, bell pepper, tomatoes, eggplant (optional) and salt and pepper to taste. Add garlic, fresh basil and/or some chile peppers to ramp up the flavor. Toss together with a bit of olive oil. Cover the pan and allow the veggies to simmer in their own juices until everything is very tender, verging on mushy, stirring occasionally. Reseason to taste. Serve as a side warm or at room temperature. Delicious over pasta.


AMAZING ZUCCHINI SOUP—This recipe appeared in the Wisconsin State Journal just weeks ago on July 13. Our Klein’s staff member this is already a family favorite and is excellent for dipping an artisan crusty bread.
4 lbs. zucchini cut into 1/2”-1” cubes
2 TBS. olive oil
t tsp. dried thyme
2 large onions, chopped
2 medium carrots, chopped
1 medium jalapeño, or similar, minced
4 cloves minced garlic
2x 32 oz. cartons chicken or vegetable broth
salt & pepper to taste
1/2 cup or more fresh, coarsely chopped basil


Heat the oil in a large soup pot on medium heat. Add the onion, carrot and thyme with a little salt and cook until tender. Add the jalapeño and the garlic and cook one minute more. Add the broth and the zucchini and season lightly with salt and a generous amount of pepper. Heat to a boil. Reduce, cover and simmer30 minutes or until the zucchini is very tender. Remove from the heat. Using an immersion blender, blend the soup until smooth (or blend in batches in a blender; returning the soup to the pot). Readjust the seasoning as desired. Serve in bowls sprinkled with parmesan. Serves 12 (makes 16 cups).


STEAMED ZUCCHINI WITH HERB SAUCE— This recipe appeared in the September 2007 issue of Cooking Light magazine.
1/4 cup parsley
3 TBS. finely chopped onion
1 TBS. chopped fresh basil
1 TBS. chopped capers
2 tsp. lemon zest
1/4 tsp. dried oregano
2 tsp. extra virgin olive oil
1 tsp. lemon juice
1/4 tsp. coarse salt
6 cups, 1/4” zucchini slices


Combine all ingredients, except the zucchini, in a large bowl. Steam the zucchini slices 4 minutes or until tender crisp. Add the cooked slices to the bowl and toss gently to coat. Serves 4.


ROAST ZUCCHINI, ONION AND PEPPERS—Delicious and SO easy. From Martha Stewart’s Everyday Food of May 2005.
3 lbs. zucchini cut into 1” thick rounds
2 red peppers cut into 1” pieces
1 medium onion cut into 1/2” wedges
2 TBS. olive oil
2 tsp. coarse salt
1/2 tsp. pepper


Preheat oven to 475º. In a bowl, combine the veggies, oil, salt and pepper. Place the mixture on to a large, rimmed baking sheet sprayed with cooking spray. Roast until tender and browned in spots for 30-35 minutes. Serves 6-8.


SMOKY GRILLED ZUCCHINI—Another recipe from the Wisconsin State Journal from June 2014.
3 medium zucchini
1 TBS. olive oil
1/2 tsp. coarse salt
1/2 tsp. pepper
1 tsp. smoked paprika
2 tsp. brown sugar
fresh lime slices


Heat a grill to medium-high heat. Cut the zucchinis lengthwise then rub with the olive oil. In a small bowl, combine the salt, pepper, paprika and sugar. Sprinkle over the zucchini. Grill until tender and charred, about 5-7 minutes per side. Serve with lime slices. Serves 6.




Mowing For Monarchs
Source: The American Gardener Magazine @ www.ahsgardening.org


You might think that mowing fields wouldn’t benefit monarch butterfly populations. New research from Michigan State University, however, shows that disturbances like mowing ­– at key times – might help boost the iconic butterfly’s numbers.


The results are published in the current issue of Biological Conservation, and they show that strategic grassland management benefits monarchs in two ways. First, monarchs lay more eggs on young milkweed – new growth after mowing – the sole food source for the butterflies in their larval stage. Second, fewer predators visit immature milkweed; more come during its mature stages, such as when it flowers.


“Monarch butterflies scout young milkweed to lay their eggs,” said Nate Haan, MSU postdoctoral research associate in entomology and the study’s lead author. “And in terms of a food source, milkweed is more like spinach when it’s young and comparable to cardboard as it ages.”


Monarchs have declined for decades and are close to being named as a threatened species. There are many reasons for their steep population decline. They face deforestation in and around their Mexican wintering grounds, increased exposure to pesticides and lost nectar resources along their migratory routes.


Back in the Midwest, monarchs, in their egg and caterpillar phases, face equal challenges. In fact, many challenges have probably increased since they’ve been forced out of crop fields and into grasslands where predators are more common. Most eggs are eaten within the first 24 hours by katydids, ants, stink bugs, spiders and many other predatory insects.


To help monarchs survive this critical window, Haan and a team of scientists teamed with the Michigan Department of Transportation, a handful of public land managers and some private landowners to explore potential solutions.


“The habitat for monarchs is shrinking; it used to include corn and soybean fields but now it’s restricted in many places to pastures, parks and right of ways along highways and interstates,” said Haan, who published the paper with Doug Landis, University Distinguished Professor of entomology. “We found that if we mow small amounts of these areas in June or July, we see increases of anywhere from 3 to 10 times more eggs per stem on the regrowth, with fewer predators around to eat them.”


The next steps for this research will be to scale up the application of strategic mowing.
“We need to see how this approach affects other wildlife, such as pollinators and birds, in larger settings around the state,” Haan said. “This could eventually lead to management recommendations to transportation departments in Michigan, and other midwestern states, as well as landowners hoping to attract more monarch butterflies to their property.”


Anyone with milkweed in their backyard can experiment with mowing for monarchs to enhance egg laying success. Try mowing or trimming about a third of a milkweed patch in mid-June, when stems are starting to flower, and cut another third in mid-July when the mowed stems have regrown and are beginning to flower. Always leave the rest of the patch undisturbed.




Caryopteris x clandonensis, commonly called bluebeard, blue spirea or blue mist, is a low-mounded, deciduous shrub that is valued for its aromatic foliage and late summer flowers which are said to resemble clouds of blue smoke or mist. Clandonensis hybrids typically produce about 18-30” of growth per year, so total shrub height (usually from 2-3’) depends in large part upon the extent of winter dieback and/or the annual spring pruning. Flowers are very attractive to butterflies, bees and other beneficial insects. Foliage is aromatic when brushed with a hand.


Genus name comes from Greek karyon meaning nut and pteron meaning wing in reference to the winged fruits found on this shrub.


Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun. Prefers loose loams. Tolerates some drought. Intolerant of wet, poorly-drained soils. Roots are winter hardy to USDA Zone 5, but top growth is only reliably winter hardy to USDA Zone 7. Thus, stems will often die to the ground in the cold winters of Zones 5, with roots surviving to push up new stems in spring. Many gardeners in Zones 5 simply assume stems will be damaged in winter and automatically prune back hard all stems each year in early spring (much like butterfly bushes and Russian sage). Moreover, even in warm winter climates where the stems usually survive winter, gardeners still frequently prune the plants back hard in early spring to promote vigorous new stem growth. Flowering is unaffected by spring pruning because plants bloom on new growth.


Klein’s currently has both Dark Knight and Sapphire Surf caryopteris in stock at 25% off the regular price while supplies last.


For neighborhood events or garden tours that you would like posted in our monthly newsletter, please contact Rick at (608) 244-5661 or [email protected]. Please include all details, i.e. dates, locations, prices, brief description, etc. Events must be garden related and must take place in the Madison vicinity and we must receive your information by the first of the month in which the event takes place for it to appear in that month’s newsletter.


Guided Garden Strolls
Sundays, May 5 thru October 13, 1:30-3:00


Get an insider’s view of Olbrich’s outdoor gardens during a free guided garden stroll. All ages are welcome for this casual overview of the Gardens. Guided garden strolls will vary somewhat according to the season to reflect the garden areas that are at peak interest.


Strolls start and end in the lobby near the Garden entrance and are about 45 to 60 minutes in length. No registration is required; strolls are drop-in only. Strolls are held rain or shine and will be cancelled only in the event of dangerous lightning.


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


Olbrich’s Blooming Butterflies
July 18-August 11
Daily from 10:00-4:00
In the Bolz Conservatory


Experience the magnificence of free-flying butterflies while strolling through the tropical Bolz Conservatory. Live butterflies emerge from chrysalises daily in the Conservatory, including low-flyers like the playful yellow and black striped zebras and bright orange julias.


More than a dozen species of butterflies, native to both Wisconsin and the more tropical areas of the southern United States can be seen at various times during the exhibit.


The life span of different butterflies varies from a few weeks to a few months. All flying butterflies are allowed to live out their natural lives in the Conservatory, with food sources remaining for them after the exhibit dates.


Monarch Meet-Up
Learn about the plight of the Monarch through Monarch Meet-Up, a new program designed to educate visitors about the declining population of monarch butterflies and challenge visitors to take ACTION in monarch conservation.


Butterfly Action Day
Friday, August 2
10 a.m. – 2 p.m.
Join us for a special day with representatives from local monarch conservation organizations! Interactive displays focused on monarch butterflies will highlight what you can do to help the population. Monarchs make one of the longest known insect migration on earth and everyone can make a difference in supporting their spectacular journey! No cost to attend or participate, but there is a separate cost to enter Blooming Butterflies.


The cost is $8 for adults, $5 for children ages 3-12, and free for children 2 and under. Olbrich Botanical Society members are admitted free. Parking is free. Bus tours are welcome; groups of 10 or more must register by calling 608/246-4550. The Bolz Conservatory will be closed Monday, July 16 and Tuesday, July 17 in preparation for Olbrich’s Blooming Butterflies.


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


2019 Summer Sundays: Concerts in the Garden at Allen Centennial Garden
Add a little bit of musical enjoyment to your Sunday afternoons this summer with Summer Sundays: Concerts in the Garden. This concert series will feature some of the best musical groups in Madison ranging from classical to jazz chamber music. The concerts will be held alternating Sunday afternoons starting June 23 and ending September 1, from 5-6:15 p.m.


This event is free and open to the public. Brought to you by the Friends of Allen Centennial Garden.


August 4
Tommy Mattioli with Mambo Blue
Vibe virtuoso and Madison native Tommy Mattioli returns from New York to join Mambo Blue, Madison’s class Cal Tjader-styled quintet that blends colorful orchestrations with infections Latin rhythms to offer a sizzling set of steamy and evocative Latin jazz.


August 18
Gaines & Wagoner (aka The Stellanovas)
An eclectic mix of Americana—original and classic tunes ranging from folk to jazz, bluegrass to blues, honky-tonk and a little singer-songwriter. Jazz fiddle, old-time duo vocals, a jangle of acoustic strings, heart-stopping jazz ballads – Gaines & Wagoner resist classification. With Doug Brown (guitar) and Eric Radloff (drums).


September 1
Golpe Tierra
The irresistible acoustic groove of Golpe Tierra again kicks off Summer Sundays 2019! Nick Moran, Juan Tomas Martinez, Tony Barba, and Richard Hildner make up this guerrilla-style ensemble, employing the traditional Afro-Peruvian guitar-bass-cajón set-up. The group embarks on a musical journey throughout Latin-America, flirting with blues, jazz, and shades of soul. This uniquely- presented original and traditional music is sure to get you out of your seat to dance!


Allen Centennial Gardens
620 Babcock Dr. on the University of WI campus, Madison
608/576-2501 or allencentennialgarden.org for details.


Garden Excursion
Sunday, August 4, 1:30 pm – 2:30 pm


Learn about Arboretum history, land, and science on a gently paced walk in the gardens. This new monthly stroll offers a multigenerational learning experience on the first Sunday of each month, April–October. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center.


University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu


2019 Summer Concert Series at Olbrich Gardens
Enjoy the evening with a concert on the Great Lawn of Olbrich’s outdoor gardens. Bring a lawn chair or blanket. Picnics are allowed in the Gardens for Tuesday concerts only. Hot dogs and brats available for purchase from the Madison East Kiwanis Club. In case of rain, concerts will be held indoors. Olbrich’s Summer concerts are Tuesdays, June 18 – August 13 at 7 p.m. A $2 admission donation is suggested.


Olbrich Concerts in the Gardens 2019 Schedule:
(All concerts are on Tuesdays at 7 p.m.)


August 6
Madison Public Library’s Summer Reading Club Concert


August 13
Fresco Opera-Opera Made Fresh. Live opera performances in different locations throughout the Gardens. Stand and stroll concert viewing; no seating provided.


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


Horticultural Therapy Symposium
Promoting Wellness!
Tuesday, August 6, from 8:00 a.m.-4:30 p.m


A summer symposium featuring topics for home gardeners, occupational therapists, activity professionals, special educators, social workers, other clinicians, and Master Gardeners.



Check-in begins at 8 a.m., the program will begin at 8:25 a.m. Cost is $89/person.


Cost includes handouts, materials, instruction/activity, continental breakfast, lunch, admission to Rotary Botanical Gardens’ grounds (gluten-free and vegan options available upon request). CEUs available, certificates will be awarded to participants upon completion of the symposium.


Rotary Botanical Gardens
1455 Palmer Drive
Janesville, WI,


Native Plant Garden Tour:
Native Grasses
Wednesday, August 7, 7:00-dusk


Susan Carpenter, Arboretum native plant gardener, will focus on color, size, and features of native Wisconsin grasses, from tiny mustache grass to big bluestem. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center.


University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu


Summer Herbal Medicine/Wild Edible Walk
Thursday, August 8, 5:30 pm-7:30 pm
Location: Lakeview Library, 2845 N. Sherman Ave., Madison, WI 53704


Join herbalist and forager Linda Conroy to explore the wild plants that grow around us. We will learn about common and uncommon wild plants that can be used for food and medicine. Identification techniques, as well as ways to prepare plants for optimal nutrition and healing, will be discussed. Dress appropriately for the weather and wear comfortable walking shoes. Meet at Lakeview Library; the tour leaves promptly at 5:30pm.


Registration for this class opens on 7/25. Please register through Lakeview Library by visiting www.madisonpubliclibrary.org/events or calling (608) 246-4547.


Willy Street Co-op East
1221 Williamson St.
Madison, WI 53703
(608) 251-6776


West Madison Annual Horticultural Open House
Saturday, August 17, 9:00-1:00
West Madison Agricultural Research Station
8502 Mineral Point Road
Verona, WI 53593


Join us in the beautiful display gardens staffed with experts available to address your horticultural questions. Enjoy the fresh air, strolling through the gardens, vote for your favorite flower, and sampling various fruits and vegetables picked that day! Don’t forget to take your picture on the tractors. This event is held rain or shine.


The West Madison Agricultural Research Station is located at 8502 Mineral Point Road, about a mile west of the beltline on the north side of the road. Admission and parking are free.


Visit their web site @ westmadison.ars.wisc.edu


Dahlia Show
Saturday, August 17, 11:00-4:00
Sunday, August 18, 10:00-2:00
Goodman Community Center
149 Waubesa St., Madison, WI 53704


Dahlias are late summer bloomers known for their diverse forms and bright colors. Sponsored by the Badger State Dahlia Society. For more information call 608/577-1924.


This is half a mile from Olbrich Gardens. FREE admission. On Sunday at 2 p.m., we give away all the blooms, so bring a vase or bucket to carry away some beautiful and FREE cut blooms for your table.


Please visit badgerdahlia.org/meetings-and-events/ for more details.


Pollinator Party
Sunday, August 25, 1:30-3:30


Join us to observe and learn about the fascinating lives of the pollinators in the Arboretum’s gardens and prairies. Naturalist-led walk, 1:30–2:30 p.m., indoor activities, 2:30–3:30 p.m. Designed for families with children ages 3–11. Free, no registration required. Meet at the Visitor Center.


University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu


GLEAM, Art in a New Light
August 28 thru October 26, 2019
Wednesdays thru Saturdays in September from 7:30 p.m.-10:30 p.m. and 6:30 p.m.-9:30 p.m. in October, rain or shine
In the gardens @ Olbrich Botanical Gardens


Definition: Gleam n. a flash of light; n. an appearance of reflected light; v. shine brightly like a star or light; v. appear briefly


GLEAM, Art in a New Light, is an annual exhibit featuring local, national and international artists creating light-based installations throughout Olbrich’s 16-acre outdoor gardens. Visitors wind their way through dimly lit pathways, encountering strange and surprising forms that pulse and shimmer in the night around every corner.
Experience the gardens after dark in a whole new light!


GLEAM will be viewable daily, during regular public daytime hours in September and October. When the sun sets, the Gardens will open for extended viewing hours and art installations will be illuminated.


Admission for the general public is $15 for adults 13 & up ($11 for members) and $7 for children ages 3-12 ($6 for members).


Tickets available at the door starting at 7:30 p.m. pending online ticket sales. Gardens will close to the public at 6 p.m. on evening viewing dates. Last ticket sold at 10 p.m. (9:00 in October).


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


Dane County Farmer’s Market
Saturdays, April 13 thru November 16, 6:15-1:45
On the Capitol Square


Wednesdays, April 17 thru November 6, 8:30-1:45
In the 200 block of Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd.


For details visit www.dcfm.org


Northside Farmers Market
Sundays, May 5 through October 20, 8:30-12:30
In the Northside TownCenter at the intersection of N. Sherman Ave. and Northport Dr. across from Warner Park.


The Northside Farmers Market is a nonprofit community enterprise. It is one of the newest and fastest growing farmers’ markets in Dane County. In keeping with the innovative spirit of Madison’s Northside, we are surpassing what defines the traditional farmers’ market. Our fundamental principles include:


–Providing an abundant selection of high quality, locally grown foods.
The market accepts Quest, WIC and Senior FMNP vouchers.


–Supporting our local agricultural entrepreneurs who are increasingly important today in ensuring that we have the best and safest food possible.


–Educating the community about traditional foods and the history of local agriculture in an attempt to preserve (and expand upon) our rich heritage.


–Promoting nutrition and the market by hosting dinners for neighborhood groups and seniors.


Parking is always FREE!



AUGUST IN THE GARDEN-A checklist of things to do this month.
___Give the garden at least 1” of moisture per week.
___Mow as little as possible and with mower raised to at least 2”.
___Mulch beds to conserve moisture and keep down weeds.
___Deadheading spent blooms as needed.
___Collect seeds for next year’s garden.
___Make notes in your garden journal for changes, improvements, etc.
___Take pictures of your garden for record keeping.
___Stake and support tall plants as needed.
___Divide daylilies as they finish blooming.
___Transplant and divide iris and peonies.
___Plant late crops of lettuce, spinach, radishes, etc.
___Order spring bulbs for fall planting: daffodils, tulips, hyacinth, etc.
___Plant fall blooming crocus bulbs.
___Fertilize potted plants at least every 2 weeks. Follow directions.
___Stop fertilizing all trees and shrubs.
___Keep and eye on the weather. Water as needed.
___Watch for pests and control as needed or desired.
___Shop for early mum selection and fall pansies.
___Begin checking out the garden centers for spring bulb selection.
___Stop watering held over amaryllis for 8 weeks for holiday blooms.
___Begin taking cuttings of geraniums, coleus and other plants to winter over.
___Visit Klein’s—Watch for end of season savings on perennials, shrubs and select annuals.


Some of our very favorite seed and plant sources include:


For seeds:
Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds @ www.rareseeds.com or 417/924-8887
Burpee @ www.burpee.com or 800/888-1447
Harris Seeds @ www.harrisseeds.com or 800/514-4441
Johnny’s Select Seeds @ www.johnnyseeds.com or 207/861-3901
Jung’s Seeds @ www.jungseed.com or 800/247-5864
Park’s Seeds @ www.parkseed.com or 800/845-3369
Pinetree @ www.superseeds.com or 207/926-3400
Seeds of Change @ www.seedsofchange.com or 888/762-7333
Seed Savers @ www.seedsavers.org or 563/382-5990
Select Seeds @ www.selectseeds.com or 800/684-0395
Territorial Seeds @ www.territorialseed.com or 888/657-3131
Thompson & Morgan @ www.thompson-morgan.com or 800/274-7333


For bulbs:
Brent & Becky’s Bulbs @ www.brentandbeckysbulbs.com or 877/661-2852
Colorblends @ www.colorblends.com or 888/847-8637
John Scheeper’s @ www.johnscheepers.com or 860/567-0838
McClure & Zimmerman @ www.mzbulb.com or 800/883-6998


For plants:
High Country Gardens @ www.highcountrygardens.com or 800/925-9387
Logee’s Greenhouses @ www.logees.com or 888/330-8038
Plant Delights Nursery @ www.plantdelights.com or 912/772-4794
Roots and Rhizomes @ www.rootsrhizomes.com or 800/374-5035
Wayside Gardens @ www.waysidegardens.com or 800/213-0379
White Flower Farm @ www.whiteflowerfarm.com or 800/503-9624


BEHIND THE SCENES AT KLEIN’SThis is a sneak peek of what is going on each month behind the scenes in our greenhouses. Many people are unaware that our facility operates year round or that we have 10 more greenhouses on the property in addition to the 6 open for retail. At any given moment we already have a jump on the upcoming season–be it poinsettias in July, geraniums in December or fall mums in May.


—The poinsettias continue grow and thrive in our back greenhouses. They’re so big already, we’ve had to give them adequate spacing.


–The first of the mums, pansies and fall cole crops go out onto the sales floor.


—Summer maintenance projects are under way. This year’s plans include replacing old benches, replacing and repairing some roofs and some general touchups.


—We continue to space and pamper the fall mums that are now just beginning to bloom.


—We begin ordering plants for the 2020 season.


Have our monthly newsletter e-mailed to you automatically by signing up on the right side of our home page. We’ll offer monthly tips, greenhouse news and tidbits, specials and recipes. . .everything you need to know from your favorite Madison greenhouse. And tell your friends. It’s easy to do.


THE MAD GARDENER–“Madison’s Firsthand Source for Expert Gardening Advice”
Ask us your gardening questions by e-mailing us at [email protected]. Klein’s in-house Mad Gardener will e-mail you with an answer as promptly as we can. The link is posted on our home page and in all newsletters.


We can only answer those questions pertaining to gardening in Southern Wisconsin and we reserve the right to leave correspondence unanswered at our discretion. Please allow 2-3 days for a response.




Follow Klein’s on Facebook where we post updates and photos on a regular basis.


Join Klein’s on Twitter where we post company updates and photos on a regular basis.


We offer a 10% Off Senior Citizen Discount every Tuesday to those 62 and above. This discount is not in addition to other discounts or sales. Please mention that you are a senior before we ring up your purchases. Does not apply to wire out orders or services, i.e. delivery, potting, etc.


Plastic flower pots and garden edging can now be recycled as part of the City of Madison’s rigid plastic program. Flowerpots and edging must be free of dirt and can be placed in your green recycling bin. For more information call 267-2626 or visit www.cityofmadison.com/streets/recycling/plastic.cfm



Klein’s Floral and Greenhouses delivers daily, except Sundays, throughout all of Madison and much of Dane County including: Cottage Grove, DeForest, Fitchburg, Maple Bluff, Marshall, McFarland, Middleton, Monona, Oregon, Shorewood Hills, Sun Prairie, Verona, Waunakee and Windsor. We do not deliver to Cambridge, Columbus, Deerfield or Stoughton.

Current delivery rate on 1-4 items is $7.95 for Madison, Maple Bluff, Monona and Shorewood Hills; $8.95 for Cottage Grove, DeForest, Fitchburg, McFarland, Sun Prairie, Waunakee and Windsor; and $9.95 for Marshall, Middleton, Oregon and Verona. An additional $3.00 will be added for deliveries of 4-10 items and $5.00 added for deliveries of more than 10 items. For deliveries requiring more than one trip, a separate delivery charge will be added for each trip.


A minimum order of $25.00 is required for delivery.

We not only deliver our fabulous fresh flowers, but also houseplants, bedding plants and hardgoods. There may be an extra charge for very large or bulky items.

Delivery to the Madison hospitals is $5.95. Deliveries to the four Madison hospitals are made during the early afternoon. Items are delivered to the hospital’s volunteer rooms and not directly to the patients’ rooms per hospital rules.

There is no delivery charge for funerals in the city of Madison or Monona, although normal rates apply for morning funeral deliveries to Madison’s west side (west of Park St.). Our normal rates also apply for funeral deliveries in the surrounding communities at all times. Although we don’t deliver on Sundays, we will deliver funeral items on Sundays at the regular delivery rate.


Morning delivery is guaranteed to the following Madison zip codes, but only if requested: 53703, 53704, 53714, 53716, 53718 and Cottage Grove, DeForest, Maple Bluff, Marshall, McFarland, Monona, Sun Prairie, Waunakee and Windsor.

We begin our delivery day at 8:00 a.m. and end at approximately 3:00 p.m. We do not usually deliver after 4:00 unless specific exceptions are made with our drivers.

Except for holidays, the following west-side zip codes and communities are delivered only during the afternoon: 53705, 53706, 53711, 53713, 53717, 53719, 53726, Fitchburg, Middleton, Oregon, Shorewood Hills and Verona.

During holidays (Christmas, Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, etc.) we are able to make morning deliveries to all of the above areas. We are not able to take closely timed deliveries on any holiday due to the sheer volume of such requests.

It’s best to give us a range of time and we’ll try our absolute hardest. Orders for same day delivery must be placed by 12:30 p.m. or by 2:30 p.m. for Madison zip codes 53704 and 53714.


DEPARTMENT HEADS: Please refer all questions, concerns or feedback in the following departments to their appropriate supervisor.
Phone: 608/244-5661 or 888/244-5661


Horticulturalist & General Manager–Jamie VandenWymelenberg [email protected]
Accounts, Billing and Purchasing—Kathryn Derauf [email protected]
Delivery Supervisor & Newsletter Coordinator—Rick Halbach [email protected]
Owner, Floral Designer & Purchasing—Sue Klein [email protected]


University of Wisconsin Extension
1 Fen Oak Ct. #138
Madison, WI 53718


Plant Disease Diagnostics Clinic
Dept. of Plant Pathology
1630 Linden Dr.
Madison, WI 53706


Insect Diagnostic Lab
240 Russell Labs
1630 Linden Dr.
Madison, WI 53706


U.W. Soil and Plant Analysis Lab
8452 Mineral Point Rd.
Verona, WI 53593


American Horticultural Society


Garden Catalogs (an extensive list with links)


Invasive Species


Community Groundworks
3601 Memorial Dr., Ste. 4
Madison, WI 53704


Madison Area Master Gardeners (MAMGA)


Wisconsin Master Gardeners Program
Department of Horticulture
1575 Linden Drive
University of Wisconsin – Madison
Madison, WI 53706


The Wisconsin Gardener


Allen Centennial Gardens
620 Babcock Dr.
Madison, WI 53706


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave.
Madison, WI 53704


Rotary Gardens
1455 Palmer Dr.
Janesville, WI 53545


University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711


University of Wisconsin-West Madison
Agricultural Research Center
8502 Mineral Point Rd.
Verona, WI 53593


Children may find the bright colors and different textures of plants irresistible, but some plants can be poisonous if touched or eaten. If you’re in doubt about whether or not a plant is poisonous, don’t keep it in your home. The risk is not worth it. The following list is not comprehensive, so be sure to seek out safety information on the plants in your home to be safe.
•Bird of paradise
•Bull nettle
•Castor bean
•Chinaberry tree
•Deadly nightshade
•Dieffenbachia (dumb cane)
•Glory lily
•Holly berry
•Indian tobacco
•Lily of the valley
•Mescal bean
•Morning glory
•Mountain laurel
•Night-blooming jasmine
•Poison ivy
•Poison sumac
•Water hemlock


Below is a list of some of the common plants which may produce a toxic reaction in animals. This list is intended only as a guide to plants which are generally identified as having the capability for producing a toxic reaction. Source: The National Humane Society website @ http://www.humanesociety.org/
•Autumn Crocus
•Black locust
•Carolina jessamine
•Castor bean
•Chinaberry tree
•Christmas berry
•Christmas Rose
•Common privet
•Corn cockle
•Cow cockle
•Day lily
•Delphinium (Larkspur)
•Dutchman’s breeches
•Easter lily
•Elephant’s ear
•English Ivy
•European Bittersweet
•Field peppergrass
•Horse nettle
•Jerusalem Cherry
•Lily of the valley
•Milk vetch
•Morning glory
•Poison hemlock
•Rosary pea
•Sago palm
•Skunk cabbage
•Star of Bethlehem
•Wild black cherry
•Wild radish
•Yellow jessamine