‘THE SAGE’-Klein’s Online Newsletter—FEBRUARY 2020
Klein’s Floral & Greenhouses
608/244-5661 or info@kleinsfloral.com
PBS Wisconsin’s Garden & Landscape Expo Is Feb. 7-9
Our ‘Mad Gardener’ Is Ready for Your Questions
Ever Thought about Working at a Garden Center?….
The Legend of St. Valentine
Antidepressant Microbes In Soil: How Dirt Makes You Happy
Seed Sprouter and Sprouting Seeds from Botanical Interests®
PBS Wisconsin’s Garden Expo @ 27 Years
Klein’s Favorite Seed, Bulb & Plant Sources
You Asked the Mad Gardener about a Non-flowering Christmas Cactus
Plant of the Month: Winter-Blooming Jasmine
Klein’s Favorite Grapefruit Recipes
Product Spotlight:
Notes from Rick’s Garden Journal—From January 2020
—Garden Journaling How-To’s
—About Dark-eyed Juncos
—New and Exciting Plants for 2020
February in the Garden: A Planner
Gardening Events Around Town
Review Klein’s @: Yelp, Google Reviews or Facebook Reviews
Join Us on Twitter
Follow Us on Facebook


Did you know that if you buy both a plant and it’s new pot at Klein’s, we will pot it up for free and on the spot—time and staff permitting. That means no mess or hassle at home. Let Klein’s staff make it easy for you.


Klein’s has an amazing assortment of houseplants ranging from the smallest plants for terrariums and dish gardens, to tropical trees, to succulents and cactus and a huge assortment of air plants. Our knowledgeable staff will help select the perfect plant for any location and occasion, offering care tips and sound advice.


Obviously, if we are overly busy (i.e. during the Valentine’s or spring rush) or understaffed, we may ask that you pick up your newly potted plants at a later convenient time.


Similarly, if your current houseplants have outgrown their pots, take advantage of Klein’s repotting services. Our repotting fees for existing plants are based on pot size and include soil and labor.


***Please note that this service is only available with houseplant purchases and not for seasonal bedding plant and tropical patio plant purchases where normal potting charges apply.


“Madison’s Firsthand Source for Expert Gardening Advice”


Ask any of your gardening questions by e-mailing them to us at madgardener@kleinsfloral.com. Klein’s in-house Mad Gardener will e-mail you with an answer as promptly as we can. We’ve also posted a link to this e-mail address on our home page for your convenience. Your question might then appear in the “You Asked” feature of our monthly newsletter. If your question is the one selected for our monthly newsletter, you’ll receive a small gift from us at Klein’s. The Mad Gardener hopes to hear from you soon!


Sorry, we can only answer those questions pertaining to gardening in Southern Wisconsin and we reserve the right to leave correspondence unanswered at our discretion. Please allow 2-3 days for a response.


Please note that our Mad Gardener is not only an expert gardener, but can answer all of your indoor plant questions as well.


Now is the time to stop in and ask for an application or fill one out at Employee Application. We’re primarily looking for seasonal, part-time retail help. Responsibilities include customer service, stocking, etc. Retail experience and computer skills are a plus. Benefits include our generous discount and a hands-on opportunity in a horticultural setting. Hours can be flexible. If possible, we’re seeking people with 20 or more hours availability per week. Some weekend and evening shifts are expected. Seasonal positions usually begin during March and/or early April and run into early June.


Monday thru Friday : 8:00-6:00
Saturday: 9:00-5:00
Sunday: 10:00-4:00


Special Valentine’s Hours:
Thursday, February 13: 8:00-7:00
Friday, February 14: 8:00-7:00


February 2–Ground Hog Day


February 7-9PBS Wisconsin’s Garden & Landscape Expo at the Alliant Energy Center. The Klein’s booths will entice all senses with fresh herbs, colorful windowsill bloomers, spring annuals and garden decor. Tickets for PBS Wisconsin’s Garden & Landscape Expo are available at Klein’s for a lesser price than at the door. More details are available at www.wigardenexpo.com. There, you’ll find a complete list of exhibitors and a calendar of scheduled events.


February 9–Full Moon


February 14Valentine’s Day. Order early for guaranteed delivery. We deliver throughout Madison and most of Dane County.


February 17–Presidents’ Day


February 18—Election Day: Wisconsin’s Spring Primaries


February 22—Gentle Morning Yoga Class (8:00-9:00) @ Klein’s. Start your morning off in the most peaceful way… Surrounded by warm, oxygen rich air, and beautiful greenery all around. Breathe deeply, and stretch your body to awaken to a beautiful day. The pace of the class will be steady to slow with intention to make a connection to the Earth, to find our roots, and to ground-down for the Fall Season. This class is open to everyone, even if you’re brand new to yoga! With attendance you will receive a FREE GIFT: an adorable Mini Succulent to take home with you, along with a 10% Off Coupon to use day of event. We sure hope you’ll join us for a lovely morning of Yoga surrounded by Nature’s Goodness.


Megan Reed, a 200-RYT, Reiki Practitioner, & seasonal employee of Klein’s (lover of plant babies) will be guiding us through this 60 minute Yoga class.


$20 per person. Please RSVP as space is limited.


Please arrive at least 10 minutes early to find your spot and settle into the space. Dress in layers as the greenhouse fluctuates in temperature depending on the weather. Bring your own mat, water bottle, props if you’d like them.


**If you purchase a houseplant & pot, there is FREE potting at Klein’s.


February 25—Mardi Gras


February 26—Ash Wednesday




The Legend of St. Valentine

The history of Valentine’s Day–and the story of its patron saint–is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine’s Day, as we know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition. But who was Saint Valentine, and how did he become associated with this ancient rite?

The Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend contends that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men. Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.

Other stories suggest that Valentine may have been killed for attempting to help Christians escape harsh Roman prisons, where they were often beaten and tortured. According to one legend, an imprisoned Valentine actually sent the first “valentine” greeting himself after he fell in love with a young girl–possibly his jailor’s daughter–who visited him during his confinement. Before his death, it is alleged that he wrote her a letter signed “From your Valentine,” an expression that is still in use today. Although the truth behind the Valentine legends is murky, the stories all emphasize his appeal as a sympathetic, heroic and–most importantly–romantic figure. By the Middle Ages, perhaps thanks to this reputation, Valentine would become one of the most popular saints in England and France.


Origins of Valentine’s Day: A Pagan Festival in February

While some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial–which probably occurred around A.D. 270–others claim that the Christian church may have decided to place St. Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in an effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia. Celebrated at the ides of February, or February 15, Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as to the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.

To begin the festival, members of the Luperci, an order of Roman priests, would gather at a sacred cave where the infants Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, were believed to have been cared for by a she-wolf or lupa. The priests would sacrifice a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification. They would then strip the goat’s hide into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and take to the streets, gently slapping both women and crop fields with the goat hide. Far from being fearful, Roman women welcomed the touch of the hides because it was believed to make them more fertile in the coming year. Later in the day, according to legend, all the young women in the city would place their names in a big urn. The city’s bachelors would each choose a name and become paired for the year with his chosen woman. These matches often ended in marriage.


Valentine’s Day: A Day of Romance

Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity and but was outlawed—as it was deemed “un-Christian”–at the end of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius declared February 14 St. Valentine’s Day. It was not until much later, however, that the day became definitively associated with love. During the Middle Ages, it was commonly believed in France and England that February 14 was the beginning of birds’ mating season, which added to the idea that the middle of Valentine’s Day should be a day for romance.

Valentine greetings were popular as far back as the Middle Ages, though written Valentine’s didn’t begin to appear until after 1400. The oldest known valentine still in existence today was a poem written in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt. (The greeting is now part of the manuscript collection of the British Library in London, England.) Several years later, it is believed that King Henry V hired a writer named John Lydgate to compose a valentine note to Catherine of Valois.



I have a large Christmas cactus that usually blooms once or twice a year. I water it about every week and a half but the soil is as hard as a rock. This year I only got one bloom. Does it need transplanting? Jane


Hi Jane,
Something (even something subtle) is different this year than in previous years, if it used to bloom well and didn’t bloom this year. Being root bound (plant stress) usually makes plants bloom better, so that’s probably not the reason. Possible reasons include:


  • It was moved at some point during the year from its usual location and is having to re-acclimate.
  • Its watering situation was altered at some point (perhaps you were on vacation or somebody else watered).
  • It was kept a little too moist (even one time) during the bud setting stage in August and September.
  • It was fertilized during the late summer and fall (the bud setting stage), promoting growth rather than flowering.
  • It’s been kept a bit warmer this fall than in previous (they set bud when kept cool from Sept-Nov).


If you feel like it needs to be repotted, March and April are the best times as not to disrupt next year’s bud production and to promote strong active growth.


Thanks for your question,
Klein’s Mad Gardener


. . . that PBS Wisconsin’s Garden & Landscape Expo will celebrate its 27th year this February (7th-9th, 2020)?


…And Klein’s has been an exhibitor at the show nearly every year since (missing just the first one or two).


PBS Wisconsin’s Garden & Landscape Expo is a midwinter oasis for people ready to venture out and dig their hands in the dirt. This three-day event celebrates the latest trends in gardening and landscaping, and attracts more than 20,000 people from across the Midwest. Join other gardening enthusiasts to share ideas, gain inspiration and connect with professional landscapers. All proceeds support PBS Wisconsin.


Things to do at the Garden Expo:
  • Learn something new at one of more than 150 free educational seminars and stage demonstrations.
  • Connect with dozens of landscaping professionals who can help deliver your landscape dream.
  • Visit with hundreds of businesses, independent contractors, nonprofits and artists to share ideas and learn about the newest in gardening, landscaping and local foods.
  • Discuss innovative gardening techniques with Wisconsin Cooperative Extension Horticulture experts.
  • Relax with a casual walk through the beautiful garden displays—courtesy of Wisconsin Nursery & Landscape Association (WNLA).
  • Purchase seeds, tools and everything else you need to be ready when the trees bud and the ground thaws.
  • Cultivate a love for gardening and the outdoors with your entire family in Nature Cat’s Backyard!
  • Attend the Sunday farmers’ market, featuring farmers, food artisans and local food retailers.


Save Some Money…
Advance one, two and three day tickets are now available at Klein’s for just $8, $13 and $16.


Visit our booths (427-429 & 507) at Garden Expo for a breath of spring air with windowsill herbs, primrose, violas and so much more to stimulate your senses.


PRODUCT SPOTLIGHTEach month we spotlight some product that we already carry or one that we’ve taken note of and plan to carry in the near future. Likewise, if you would like to see Klein’s to carry a product that we don’t currently, please let us know. Our goal is to be responsive to the marketplace and to our loyal clientele. If a product fits into our profile, we will make every effort to get it into our store. In addition, we may be able to special order an item for you, whether plant or hard good, given enough time.


Seed Sprouter and Sprouting Seeds from Botanical Interests®
“Let Us Inspire & Educate the Gardener in You!”


From the Botanical Interests website @ botanicalinterests.com:


Introducing the Botanical Interests Seed Sprouter. Now you can grow up to 4 varieties of our healthful, delicious sprouts at once.


We designed our sprouter to work better than the rest. Our larger trays and unique removable tray dividers give you lots of options.


Do you want to grow a lot of sprouts? Our larger trays are over 6 1/2” wide and allow for bigger batches of sprouts.


Do you want to grow smaller batches of sprouts? Insert our unique removable tray dividers and grow up to 4 smaller batches. Grow 4 kinds all at the same time or start a new batch every few days and always have fresh sprouts at the peak of flavorful perfection!


There are so many fun possibilities. Mix – Match – Rotate and grow them just how you like it every time!


It’s as easy as:
1: Add seeds
2: Rinse Frequently


Homegrown sprouts are always fresh and delicious…and a fraction of the price.
Our sprouter is great for storing your sprouts in the refrigerator, too. Just cover with the lid and keep cool. Repeated rinsing will keep your sprouts fresh, crunchy, and delicious.
Don’t forget the seeds! Choose from alfalfa, broccoli, fenugreek, mung bean, radish and more. All Botanical Interests seeds are certified organic and non-GMO.


NOTES FROM MY GARDEN JOURNAL–Tips and Observations from My Own Garden by Rick Halbach


ENTRY: JANUARY 1, 2020 (Garden Journaling How-To’s)
Not only is today the first day of the new year and of a new decade, but today will be my first entry into my new 2020 garden journal.


Journaling has forever been an important part of my daily routine, beginning on my grandparents farm in the late 1960’s. My grandmother kept very detailed records in volumes of spiral notebooks. She recorded everything; daily farm activities, weather observations, animal sightings and migrations, farm expenses (including my wages for lawn mowing and farm-work), family activities and of course every detail about her own gardens. She allowed me to make occasional entries into the journals when I was about 8 and I made all entries when she couldn’t (i.e. during vacations or hospital stays, etc.). After she passed away in 1985, I was lucky to inherit all of her journals (going back to the 1940’s). Her last entry, in March 1985, says it was a sunny, quiet morning and that she heard her first robin of the season singing that morning.


I began journaling in earnest once I bought my own home in 1986; recording all of the same information as my grandmother minus the farm activities. Rather than spiral notebooks, my current journal of choice is the spiral bound Sierra Club engagement calendar available at most bookstores. It offers plenty of space for daily entries and for adequate note-taking. It’s always lying open on the counter so I can make entries throughout the day.


Garden Journaling
by Pamela Hubbard, Penn State Master Gardener @ extension.psu.edu


As a passionate gardener I believe that one of the keys to success is keeping records of your gardening endeavors. To this end, a fun and useful winter activity is to start a garden journal.


A garden journal is your own personal diary of what happens in your garden, starting with the planning in January through putting your garden to bed in October. It provides a place to keep together all information, plans and notes about your garden. Your journal can be as simple as a composition book or as elaborate as a creative scrapbooking endeavor. I’ve tried several methods and developed a few tips for effective garden journaling.


Begin by choosing the type of journal that would best work for you. Consider if you want to record simple details or your gardening story.
  • For simple details you can use notebook paper, a composition book or notecards. Just be sure to date each page or card. I used this method for years until I felt the need to be more organized (I couldn’t always find what I was searching for) therefore switched to calendars.
  • I prefer a monthly calendar with a large square for each day and a desk calendar with a page for each week. I use the former to record seed-starting activities and the latter for more detailed notes.
  • If you want more room to write, there are some beautiful dedicated garden journals available in bookstores. They often contain graphs for sketching and planning, calendars without dates so the journal can be used any year, space to record your thoughts, charts for recording information like flower purchases and blooming times, and information pages with gardening hints for each month.
  • Using a computer is a fast way to record what is going on in your garden; it is faster than writing your journal by hand. If this method is for you it has the benefit of being able to add digital photographs right into the document, size them to meet your needs, and easily delete and replace them. Like many gardeners around the world, I write an online gardening blog that records my gardening journey in photographs, but that method is not for everyone. Just try to write something each month, remembering to include the date and year in each entry. Save your entries and print them when you have completed a year.
  • Keep the printed pages in a three-ring binder for future reference. Place tabs in the binder to mark the years. I like to save plant tags but too often they disappear and I can’t remember names of plants. Adding photo sleeves for plant tags solves this problem. Also, your binder is a good place to keep gardening information from newspapers and magazines.


What to Record
  1. Vegetable garden information: As new seed catalogs arrive, begin by making an inventory of the leftover seeds from previous years and list the new ones you need to order. Plan your vegetable garden on graph paper at this time and add it to your journal. It’s important to note where you planted vegetables last year so that you can rotate vegetables in the same family. For example, do not follow tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant or peppers with each other or you will encourage soil-borne diseases and pest outbreaks.
  2. Landscape beds: Draw a rough sketch of each landscape bed indicating its plantings. Show the places where you plan to add flowers and shrubs in the coming season and mark their names. At the beginning of the season, record planting dates; add plant tags or seed packets. You may want to list flower colors, bloom times, plant heights and growing requirements.
  3. Seasonal landmarks: Record the dates of each year’s seasonal landmarks: weather patterns, when the first spring flower bloomed, arrival of butterflies and hummingbirds, the first and last frost. Also, note when pest problems appeared and what you did about them.
  4. Regular gardening activities: Document your gardening activities such as soil preparation, watering, mulching and fertilizing. Identify areas that receive too little or too much water. Record when you harvest vegetables. Note garden successes and needed improvements. Your journal will help identify where in your garden different types of plants thrive.
  5. Budget: A journal enables you to keep track of your garden expenses. It may be useful to record the nurseries and catalogs you used. If possible include the receipts and note the purchase dates.


How to Use the Information in Your Journal
The information in your journal becomes an invaluable reference to review at the end of the year or to look back on over the years. You can identify where different types of plants thrive, obtain a greater understanding of landscape characteristics such as microclimates and check that you have ‘the right plant in the right place.’ I record high and low temperatures and rainfall amounts; in midsummer if a plant isn’t doing well I look back to see if weather was a factor. As you review past journals you will see patterns in your garden. By looking at photographs over the years, I noted the decline of a beloved climbing rose, Rosa Blaze Improved, and decided this year I will remove it and replace it with a clematis. While I’m sad at losing the rose, I have the fun of choosing a new climbing plant. My journal helps me plan for the future; it is a tool to prevent repeated mistakes. My journal becomes especially valuable as my memory needs more help.


Now is the time to plan for the new garden season; it is the perfect time to begin a garden journal. Keeping a garden journal can give you a wonderful feeling of accomplishment. Choose a method of journaling that suits you and have fun! Happy journaling!


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ENTRY: JANUARY 4, 2020 (About Dark-eyed Juncos)
Juncos are one of the most common winter visitors to bird feeders and fun to watch because of their interesting social behavior. They leave the northern portion of their breeding range during September and October and migrate in flocks to their wintering areas in lower Canada and throughout the United States. They arrive in the Madison area almost always within a few days of October 10.


Juncos tend to winter in the same area year after year, so chances are the birds that arrive at your feeder are the same birds that were there last winter. The first birds to arrive are older and more dominant. The younger ones arrive next. Males tend to winter farther north than females, so the proportion of males in a winter flock will be higher the farther north it is. (It is not always easy to determine age and sex reliably in the field. In general, the darkest birds are the males.)


They are commonly seen at bird feeders during migration and in the winter months, however, even then they prefer to feed on the ground rather than pick seeds from an elevated feeder. Having said that, however, I’ve definitely noticed a change in the juncos’ behavior at my feeding station in the nearly 30 years I’ve been feeding birds. As the years have passed, an increasing percentage of juncos seem comfortable feeding at all of my feeders; whether tube, platform or otherwise. In the early days I rarely say a junco on the feeders and nearly always on the ground. Their favorite seeds at my station include safflower, niger and millet.


The flock stays in an area of about ten to twelve acres. Not all of the birds are together all of the time so you may see varying numbers of juncos. However, they all stay in that fixed area.


The flock has a social hierarchy with a pecking order in which males dominate females and adults dominate younger birds. Watch the juncos at your feeder and you can see the social hierarchy at work. Dominant birds will face another bird and raise and fan their tails revealing the white outer tail feathers. They may also rush at and peck or chase subordinate birds. Sometimes two dominant birds may face one another, extend their necks, and repeatedly raise and lower their bills as if in a little “dance.” Rarely will this end in a fight.


At night, the flock will roost together in the same place, usually in some dense evergreen cover. It is fun to follow the flock at dusk and see where they roost. In the spring, at your feeder, the males will chase the females as part of early courtship behavior. Males will also begin singing their musical trills. By April the juncos will have migrated north to their breeding grounds.



* * * * *


ENTRY: JANUARY 21, 2020 (New and Exciting Plants for 2020)
On my way to work this morning, I stopped by the post office and mailed in my seed orders for the upcoming gardening season. I always make sure to send in my orders as early as possible, not only to ensure that everything is available that I want, but because some annuals actually require a late January or early February sowing for success; including lisianthus, geraniums, flowering maples, among others. I’m planning on growing quite a few new plants from seed this season. Some that I’m most excited about include:


Celano Grape Tomato from Park Seed—Celano is a hybrid grape tomato producing bright red, oblong shaped fruits weighing about 0.6 ounces. This tomato makes a great patio plant due to is dark green bushy foliage, 3-4-foot height and 24-inch width, but can also be planted in your garden in full sun. Be sure to give it about 2 feet of space between other plants. This tomato is late blight tolerant. Celano was selected as an AAS winner for its delicious, sweet taste, texture, deep color and healthy plants that produces ample yields.


Flamenco Marigold from Park Seed—This compact French Marigold is stunning! Each picotee flower flaunts bright yellow pastels bordered in reddish orange. Flamenco will not disappoint. Perfect for containers or in a flower bed, this marigold is jammed with flowers all summer long!


Galahad Beefsteak Tomato from Johnny’s Select Seeds—Delicious early determinate beefsteak. Galahad beats industry comparisons with its fantastic flavor and impressive disease resistance profile, which extends much-needed protection to regions ranging from the Midwest to the Deep South. Excellent late blight resistance and early maturity also make Galahad a strong contender in the North. The round, 7–12 oz. fruits can be harvested with green shoulders and ripened red in storage, or ripened on the vine. Vigorous plants. AAS Regional Winner.


Orient Charm Eggplant from Johnny’s Select Seeds—Purple Asian type. 8-10″ long by 1 1/2-2 1/2″ diameter. Compared to Orient Express, fruits are similar in shape but lighter in color, ranging from light lavender to bright purple. Blush of white at calyx end. Strong plant with high yields.


Prospera Basil from Johnny’s Select Seeds—New compact Genovese basil with downy mildew and Fusarium resistance. Excellent traditional Genovese aroma. The compact, slow-bolting plants produce large dark-green, glossy, cupped leaves.


Easy Wave Lavender Sky Blue Petunia from Jung Seed—New color!! A more compact, mounding habit with a spread of 3 feet or less and height of 8 to 10 inches makes this lavender sky blue petunia an excellent choice for containers and small-space gardens. They bloom earlier than regular Waves under short day conditions.


Jedi Jalapeño Pepper from Johnny’s Select Seeds—High yielding, continuous set type. Our largest jalapeño offering, Jedi’s fruits avg. 4-4 1/2″ and are slow to check (show small cracks in skin). The large plant is of the “continuous set” type that produces over a long harvest window, especially in regions with a long growing season. Our variety with the highest potential yield.


Paisano Paste Tomato from Johnny’s Select Seeds—High-yielding bush San Marzano. Thick-walled 4–5 oz. fruits in the true San Marzano shape. Good flavor and high solids for sauce or canning. Concentrated sets of paste tomatoes midseason. Most of the bright red fruits are blunt tipped, so they don’t crush during harvesting. Medium determinate plant.


Baby Rose Nasturtium from Select Seeds—The first nasturtium to win AAS honors since the 1930’s. Plants have rich green foliage and a mounding habit that doesn’t flop over so the vibrant, rose red blooms remain upright through the season. Compact plants grow 12 inches high and tolerate harsh weather quite well. Blooms from summer until frost.


Oopsy Daisy Calendula from Select Seeds—A delightful compact mix of single and semi-double forms, the open-petaled blooms tipped in glowing orange. Easy to grow, it thrives in the cooler weather of spring and fall.


Amante Salvia (plant) from Select Seeds—Sister to the immensely popular ‘Amistad’, this new variety has bright fuschia flowers couched in burgundy-black calyxes on tall stems, and a bushy vigorous habit. Hummingbirds will spar over nectar rights!


KLEIN’S RECIPES OF THE MONTHThese are a selection of relatively simple recipes chosen by our staff. New recipes appear monthly. Enjoy!!


A relative newcomer to the citrus clan, the grapefruit was originally believed to be a spontaneous sport of the pummelo. James MacFayden, in his Flora of Jamaica, in 1837, separated the grapefruit from the pummelo, giving it the botanical name, Citrus paradisi. About 1948, citrus specialists began to suggest that the grapefruit was not a sport of the pummelo, but an accidental hybrid between the pummelo and the orange. The botanical name has been altered to reflect this view, and it is now generally accepted as Citrus X paradisi.


The grapefruit tree grows to be as large and vigorous as an orange tree; a mature tree may be from 15 to 20 feet tall. The foliage is very dense, with leaves dark and shiny green. Flowers are large and white, borne singly or in clusters in the axils of the leaves. Most varieties are yellow when ripe. The fruit ranges from 4 to 6 inches in diameter, its size depending upon the variety and upon growing conditions. Its pulp is usually light yellowish, tender, and very full of juice, with a distinctive mildly acid flavor. Several varieties have pink or red pulp.


What are the health benefits of grapefruit?
1. It’s great for your immune system. Grapefruits are a good source of vitamins A, C, and E.
2. Eating grapefruit regularly is linked to higher nutrient consumption. One study found that women who ate grapefruit had a higher intakes of vitamin C, magnesium, potassium, dietary fiber, and improved diet quality.
3. It could help prevent diabetes. There’s evidence that eating grapefruit—which is moderate on the glycemic index scale—can help keep insulin levels even, protecting against type 2 diabetes.
4. It could help keep fat from building up in artery walls. There’s evidence—at least in mice—showing that naringin (a flavonoid in grapefruit) can help prevent atherosclerosis, when plaque and cholesterol build up in your arteries.
5. It’s high in antioxidants. Grapefruit is also a good source of antioxidants, which help reduce inflammation and fight damage caused by free radicals in the body. Even grapefruit peels are high in antioxidants, so don’t just enjoy the refreshing, vibrant meat and juice of the fruit; use the peels as zest in various dishes, such as poultry or in baked goods.
6. It keeps you hydrated. Grapefruits are 88 percent water (one whole fruit has 216 grams of the stuff!) making them a pretty stellar way to stay hydrated. While grapefruit juice is a popular breakfast beverage, it’s more beneficial to the body to eat the fruit so you’re also getting fiber.
7. Grapefruits help keep bones strong. Grapefruit contains decent amounts of calcium and phosphorus, which both help keep bones and teeth strong.



4 cups romaine lettuce, torn into bite-sized pieces
1 cup red kale, ribs removed, cut into very thin ribbons
2 navel oranges, peeled and sectioned, pith removed
1 pink grapefruit, peeled and sectioned, pith removed
2 avocados, halved, pitted, and sliced (toss with a of lemon juice to prevent browning)
1/4 cup red onion, thinly sliced
1 cup large cooked shrimp, rinsed, drained and patted dry


3 tbsp extra-virgin olive oil
2 tbsp red wine vinegar
1 tsp honey
1/4 tsp smoked paprika
1 clove garlic, minced
pinch of sea salt


Whisk together vinaigrette ingredients and set aside to allow flavors to blend.
Prepare salad ingredients, arrange on individual plates (or toss all together in a large bowl). Toss with dressing just before serving. Serves 4.


GRAPEFRUIT SALMON—Source: www.allrecipes.com
1/2 grapefruit, juiced
3 1/3 ounces soy sauce
1/4 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon garlic powder
1/4 teaspoon ground ginger


Whisk grapefruit juice, soy sauce, garlic powder, ground ginger, and salt together in a small bowl. Lay salmon into a shallow baking dish with the skin-side down; pour grapefruit juice mixture over salmon. Cover baking dish with plastic wrap and marinate salmon in refrigerator for 1 hour. Preheat oven to 400 degrees F. Bake in the preheated oven until the salmon flakes easily with a fork, about 40 minutes. Serves 6.


1 cup quinoa
4 cups water
1/4 teaspoon salt
1/4 cup dried cranberries
1/4 cup fresh lime juice
1/4 cup olive oil
2 teaspoons honey
2 cloves garlic, minced
1 teaspoon minced serrano pepper
1/4 cup chopped fresh mint
1/4 cup minced cilantro
1 shallot, minced
1/2 cup arugula
1 pinch salt and black pepper to taste
4 cups baby arugula leaves, washed and dried
1 avocado – peeled, pitted and diced
1/2 grapefruit, peeled and sectioned


In a dry skillet over medium heat, toast the quinoa until it has a nutty aroma. Remove from heat, rinse and drain in a fine mesh strainer. Bring water to a boil in a saucepan, add salt, and slowly add toasted quinoa. Cook until tender and the outer rings appear on the grains, 15 to 20 minutes. Strain through a fine mesh colander. Place in a large bowl to cool.


In a small bowl, combine cranberries, lime juice, olive oil, honey, garlic, serrano pepper, mint, cilantro, shallot, and arugula. Stir into the cooled quinoa and add salt and freshly ground pepper to taste. Place 1 cup of baby arugula on each salad plate. Top with quinoa mixture, avocado, and grapefruit. Serves 4.


4 pounds medium beets (any color), scrubbed
½ cup extra-virgin olive oil, divided, plus more for drizzling
Kosher salt
1 large grapefruit
2 medium shallots, thinly sliced into rings
⅓ cup red wine vinegar
⅓ cup rosemary leaves


Preheat oven to 400°. Toss beets with ¼ cup oil in a 13×9″ baking dish; season with salt. Pour in water to barely cover bottom of pan. Cover tightly with foil (you want steam to build up in there) and roast beets until a paring knife slips easily through flesh, 60–75 minutes. Let beets cool, then rub off skins with paper towels. Cut beets into irregular pieces (about 2″) and transfer to a medium bowl.
Using a vegetable peeler, remove two 2″-long strips of zest from grapefruit (try not to get any of the white pith) and thinly slice zest lengthwise into strips; set aside for serving. Cut grapefruit in half and squeeze juice over beets. Add shallots and vinegar, season generously with salt, and toss to coat. Let sit 15 minutes to allow shallots to soften slightly.
Heat ¼ cup oil in a small skillet over medium. Add rosemary and cook, stirring often, until sizzling subsides, about 15 seconds. Using a slotted spoon, transfer to paper towels and let drain; season with salt.
Arrange beets on a platter; drizzle with more oil and top with fried rosemary and reserved grapefruit zest. Serves 8.


GRAPEFRUIT AND MINT MOJITO—Source: www.marthastewart.com/
1/3 cup granulated sugar
1/2 cup water
1/2 cup packed fresh mint leaves, plus sprigs for garnish
1 ruby-red grapefruit
3/4 cup white rum
3 cups ice
1 cup seltzer


Bring sugar and water to a boil in a small saucepan. Remove from heat, and add mint leaves. Let steep 10 minutes. Strain through a fine sieve into a small bowl, and discard mint. Let cool.
Using a vegetable peeler, remove zest from grapefruit in long, wide strips. Place in a large glass, and add rum. Cover, and let stand for 30 minutes. Strain through a fine sieve into a large glass measure, and discard zest.
Cut away remaining pith from grapefruit. Cut between membranes to release segments. For each drink, place 2 to 3 segments in a glass. Top with 3/4 cup ice. Stir 3 tablespoons infused rum, 2 tablespoons mint syrup, and 1/4 cup seltzer in a glass measure, and pour over ice. Garnish with mint sprigs. Makes 4 drinks.




Antidepressant Microbes In Soil: How Dirt Makes You Happy
By Bonnie L. Grant


Prozac may not be the only way to get rid of your serious blues. Soil microbes have been found to have similar effects on the brain and are without side effects and chemical dependency potential. Learn how to harness the natural antidepressant in soil and make yourself happier and healthier. Read on to see how dirt makes you happy.
Natural remedies have been around for untold centuries. These natural remedies included cures for almost any physical ailment as well as mental and emotional afflictions. Ancient healers may not have known why something worked but simply that it did. Modern scientists have unraveled the why of many medicinal plants and practices, but only recently are they finding remedies that were previously unknown and yet, still a part of the natural life cycle. Soil microbes and human health now have a positive link which has been studied and found to be verifiable.


Soil Microbes and Human Health
Did you know that there’s a natural antidepressant in soil? It’s true. Mycobacterium vaccae is the substance under study and has indeed been found to mirror the effect on neurons that drugs like Prozac provide. The bacterium is found in soil and may stimulate serotonin production, which makes you relaxed and happier. Studies were conducted on cancer patients and they reported a better quality of life and less stress.


Lack of serotonin has been linked to depression, anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder and bipolar problems. The bacterium appears to be a natural antidepressant in soil and has no adverse health effects. These antidepressant microbes in soil may be as easy to use as just playing in the dirt.


Most avid gardeners will tell you that their landscape is their “happy place” and the actual physical act of gardening is a stress reducer and mood lifter. The fact that there is some science behind it adds additional credibility to these garden addicts’ claims. The presence of a soil bacteria antidepressant is not a surprise to many of us who have experienced the phenomenon ourselves. Backing it up with science is fascinating, but not shocking, to the happy gardener.


Mycobacterium antidepressant microbes in soil are also being investigated for improving cognitive function, Crohn’s disease and even rheumatoid arthritis.


How Dirt Makes You Happy
Antidepressant microbes in soil cause cytokine levels to rise, which results in the production of higher levels of serotonin. The bacterium was tested both by injection and ingestion on rats and the results were increased cognitive ability, lower stress and better concentration to tasks than a control group.


Gardeners inhale the bacteria, have topical contact with it and get it into their bloodstreams when there is a cut or other pathway for infection. The natural effects of the soil bacteria antidepressant can be felt for up to 3 weeks if the experiments with rats are any indication. So get out and play in the dirt and improve your mood and your life.





WINTER BLOOMING JASMINE (Jasminum polyanthum)
It’s only for these few months and weeks in late winter and early spring that winter-blooming jasmine becomes readily available at retail outlets here in the north. Their intoxicating fragrance is unsurpassed for brightening one’s spirit as we await the onset of spring in just a few short weeks. This vining member of the olive family is equally attractive scrambling up a trellis as it is cascading from a hanging basket when placed in any bright location. In the south, this lovely and easy-to-grow vine is available year round as a garden plant. Even here in the north, winter-blooming jasmine makes for an exceptional annual vine, growing to 6 or more feet and sometimes treating us to a few fall blooms as the weather cools and the days shorten. Once it gets too cold outside, place indoors in a bright location. By late winter, your plant will be ready to put on another intoxicating display.


To get winter-blooming jasmine to bloom properly, it must be allowed to follow its natural rhythms. Once the weather warms in May, place the plant outdoors in a very sunny spot where it will scramble vigorously up any support. In the fall, the jasmine must be exposed to 6 weeks of very cool, but not freezing, temperatures. These cool temps force the plant to set buds. Because the flower buds are set, plants cannot be pruned back at this time if they are to bloom in late winter. Flower buds may remain on the plant all winter without blooming. Then suddenly in February or March, buds enlarge and turn pink and plants burst into bloom with star-shaped pure white flowers. The cooler the plant is kept, the longer the plant will continue blooming. The fragrance is strongest at the end of the day. It’s only after the plant has finished blooming that it can be pruned back hard to start the cycle anew.


Winter-blooming jasmine is a very easy-to-grow houseplant with very few requirements. Plants like to be kept moderately moist while actively growing and then on the dry side during their dormant state after blooming. Fertilize regularly during the summer months then lightly, if at all, during the winter and while blooming. Plants are easily propagated by stem cuttings when pruning the plant or in early summer. Healthy plants can live for many years and will eventually form a substantial trunk. Winter-blooming jasmine is a native of China.


Winter-blooming jasmine becomes available at Klein’s during February around Valentine’s Day and for only a few weeks into March. They are also available on-line almost year round.


For neighborhood events or garden tours that you would like posted in our monthly newsletter, please contact Rick at (608) 244-5661 or rick@kleinsfloral.com. Please include all details, i.e. dates, locations, prices, brief description, etc. Events must be garden related and must take place in the Madison vicinity and we must receive your information by the first of the month in which the event takes place for it to appear in that month’s newsletter.


32nd Annual Orchid Quest 2020
Saturday, February 1, 9:00-4:00
Sunday, February 2, 9:00-3:00
Olbrich Botanical Gardens


In the middle of winter it is so delightful to be surrounded by the colorful and exotic fragrance of the world at a handy and comfortable location—new this year at Olbrich Botanical Gardens. It will be the 31st year for the Madison Orchid Growers Guild to host Orchid Quest.


There will be both an exhibit area to view, and a vendor area with thousands of fragrant orchids for sale. Also planned will be growing seminars, raffle, silent auction and plenty of advice for orchid growers (new and experienced)! Visit orchidgrowersguild.org for more details. Admission and parking free.


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


Orchid Escape
Daily, Saturday, February 1 through Saturday, February 29, 10:00-4:00
Bolz Conservatory Exhibit
Olbrich Botanical Gardens


Escape to the tropics and take in bountiful, beautiful orchids throughout the Bolz Conservatory! Don’t miss this brand new, month-long exhibit that showcases both the beauty and importance of the orchid family.


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


Winter Class: Cultural Significance of Nature and Gardening to Indigenous Tribal Peoples
Saturday, February 1, 9:00-11:00 a.m.
Pyle Center
702 Langdon St., Madison, WI 53706


To preserve wild rice (Manoomin) is to protect and restore its place in the sacred practices of Wisconsin Native cultures. Peterson’s interviews with the Menominee and Ojibwe Tribal elders highlight the cultural significance of Manoomin along with the importance of preserving a vital natural resource for future generations.


Diana Peterson is a PhD candidate at the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, UW–Madison.


The cost is $15 (Free for Friends of ACG Members and UW Students with ID). Tickets available @ https://www.eventbrite.com/e/cultural-significance-of-nature-and-gardening-to-indigenous-tribal-peoples-tickets-83202590187


Allen Centennial Gardens
620 Babcock Dr. on the University of WI campus, Madison
608/576-2501 or allencentennialgarden.org for details.


27th PBS Wisconsin Garden & Landscape Expo
Friday, February 7, 12:00-7:00
Saturday, February 8, 9:00-6:00
Sunday, February 9, 10:00-4:00


PBS Wisconsin’s Garden & Landscape Expo is a midwinter oasis for people ready to venture out and dig their hands in the dirt. Now in its 27th year, this three-day event celebrates the latest trends in gardening and landscaping, and attracts more than 20,000 people from across the Midwest. Join other gardening enthusiasts to share ideas, gain inspiration and connect with professional landscapers. All proceeds support PBS Wisconsin.


Things to do at the Garden Expo:
-Learn something new at one of the more than 150 free educational seminars and stage demonstrations.
-Visit with hundreds of businesses, independent contractors, nonprofits and artists to share ideas and learn about the newest in gardening, landscaping and local foods.
-Discuss innovative gardening techniques with UW-Extension horticulture experts.
-Relax with a casual walk through the central garden—courtesy of Wisconsin Nursery & Landscape Association
-Purchase seeds, tools and everything else you need to be ready when the trees bud and the ground thaws.
-Attend the Sunday farmers’ market, featuring farmers, food artisans and local food retailers.


Tickets cost $8 in advance, $10 at the door. Children 12 and under are admitted free. Two and three-day passes are available for added savings. Advance tickets are available at Klein’s. Visit www.wigardenexpo.com for more information.


Alliant Energy Center Exhibition Hall
1919 Alliant Energy Center Way
Madison, WI 53713


The Canopy Sessions at Olbrich Gardens
Held on the first Fridays of February, March, and April, 5:00-7:00 p.m.
In the Bolz Conservatory


Brand New at the Gardens!
Enjoy LIVE music performed from the tropical canopy of the Bolz Conservatory! All proceeds benefit the Gardens.


Tickets available at the door starting starting @ 4:30. Tickets are just $5 and cash only.
  • Plan to enjoy the live music while strolling the tropical Conservatory. There is limited bench seating available. No carry-in chairs allowed.
  • A bar station will be available inside the Conservatory. The bar accepts cash and cards.
  • Front doors open at 4:30 p.m. – Conservatory doors open at 5 p.m.
  • First-come, first served – the maximum number of visitors allowed in the Conservatory will be continuously admitted as visitors cycle out.
  • Arrive with your whole party – line jumping is not permitted.
  • When entering the building you’ll be notified if you will be immediately admitted into the Conservatory or directed into the waiting line.


The Canopy Sessions 2020 Schedule:


February 7:
Ancora String Quartet—Classical String Quartet


March 6:
B~Free & Quinten Farr—Jazz/Soul Fusion


April 3:
Panchromatic Steel—Island Music, Jazz, & Hits, played on steeldrums


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


Rainforest Rhythms at Olbrich Gardens
The Rainforest Rhythms series celebrates cultures in rainforest (tropical and sub-tropical) regions around the world with authentic performances of music and dance. The series offers performances for all ages and includes free admission to Olbrich’s tropical Bolz Conservatory.


While exploring the Bolz Conservatory before or after the performance, pick up an I Spy activity sheet and search for unique plants in the Bolz Conservatory! Families will have fun learning about plants related to the culture highlighted during the day’s performance.


Tickets available at the door starting an hour before each performance.
Adults (13 & up) – $5, Child (12 & under) – $3, 2 & under – FREE
Admission includes entry to Olbrich’s tropical Bolz Conservatory
Doors open to the performance space approximately 30 minutes prior to each performance.


Olbrich Winter Concerts 2020 Schedule: (Performances are on Saturdays at 10:30 and 1:30)


February 8:
Atimevu Drum Ensemble


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave., Madison
608/246-4550 or www.olbrich.org for details.


2020 Gardens Network Summit: Seeding Solutions
An annual event for community gardeners to meet, learn, an exchange ideas
Saturday, February 15, 10:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m.
Badger Rock Neighborhood Center, 501 E. Badger Rd., Madison, WI 53713


This year’s theme, “Seeding Solutions,” will include workshops on practical vegetable production and community garden organizing. Gardeners from across Dane County will learn, both from experts and each other, information, strategies, and visions for more successful and beautiful community gardens.



Community Groundworks
Attn: Gardens Network
2702 International Ln., Ste 200
Madison, WI 53704


Winter Class: Mitigating Flood Risk through Better Gardening
Saturday, February 15, 9:00-11:00 a.m.
Pyle Center
702 Langdon St., Madison, WI 53706


Increasing urbanization coupled with increases in the magnitude and frequency of extreme rainfalls related to climate change have presented challenges to storm water management in and around Madison. Recent flooding, most notably in August of 2018, has endangered public safety, property and the environment. Dr. Potter’s talk will focus on various ways to mitigate the impact of environmental and climate changes and to ensure that new land developments do not increase downstream flood risk.


Ken Potter’s joined the UW-Madison faculty in 1978 and throughout his career here, his research and community outreach have focused on the management of storm water runoff from developed lands.


The cost is $15 (Free for Friends of ACG Members and UW Students with ID). Tickets available @ https://www.eventbrite.com/e/mitigating-flood-risk-through-better-gardening-tickets-78894263867


Allen Centennial Gardens
620 Babcock Dr. on the University of WI campus, Madison
608/576-2501 or allencentennialgarden.org for details.


Winter Enrichment Lecture: Gardening for Hummingbirds
Thursday, February 20, 9:00 a.m.-11:30 a.m.


Conducted by hummingbird enthusiasts, Kathi and Michael Rock. Fee: $10. Register by February 17 @ 608-263-7888 or @ info@arboretum.wisc.edu


University of Wisconsin Arboretum
1207 Seminole Highway
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu/ for details.


Winter Class: Envisioning a Sustainable Agricultural Future for Wisconsin
Saturday, February 22, 9:00-11:00 a.m.
Pyle Center
702 Langdon St., Madison, WI 53706


Agriculture provides us with food and services that we depend on daily for healthy and prosperous lives. However, agriculture is also one of the most significant causes of global change. Our ability to create food, fiber, and more recently energy, to sustain our livelihoods has come at great environmental costs. The erosion of our soils, pollution and consumption of limited water supplies, and the loss of biological diversity threaten our ability to continue to farm. In Wisconsin, it is not even clear whether our current agricultural system is viable economically, as we lead the nation in farm foreclosures. The question of our generation is: how do we design agricultural systems that will be further pressed to provide more food to a growing global population in a way that supports healthier humans and the ecosystems on which they depend upon into the future? Based on our experiences studying the biological and ecosystem consequences of agriculture, we will discuss ways in which we can utilize the best science available to support a deliberate process of innovation that can lead to re-envisioning our agricultural landscapes. A portion of this session will include a hands-on workshop where participants will have the opportunity to collaboratively design alternative future landscapes.


The cost is $15 (Free for Friends of ACG Members and UW Students with ID). Tickets available @ https://www.eventbrite.com/e/envisioning-a-sustainable-agricultural-future-for-wisconsin-tickets-78894825547


Allen Centennial Gardens
620 Babcock Dr. on the University of WI campus, Madison
608/576-2501 or allencentennialgarden.org for details.


Winter Enrichment Lecture: Invasive Jumping Worms: The Impact of a New Soil Invader
Thursday, March 5, 9:00 a.m.-11:30 a.m.


Conducted by Brad Herrick, ecologist, UW–Madison Arboretum. Fee: $10. Register by March 2 @ 608-263-7888 or @ info@arboretum.wisc.edu


University of Wisconsin Arboretum
1207 Seminole Highway
Madison, WI 53711
608/263-7888 or arboretum.wisc.edu/ for details.


Dane County Late Winter Farmer’s Market
Saturdays, January 4 thru April 4, 8:00-noon
Now at the newly renovated Garver Feed Mill behind Olbrich Botanical Gardens!
3241 Garver Green (access off Fair Oaks Ave.)


The Late Winter Market runs each Saturday from the new year until the beginning of the outdoor season. Get your market fix all year long. You will still find many of your favorite Dane County Farmers’ Market members, as well as a full array of fruits and vegetables, cheeses, hyper-local meats, honey, bakery items, and many specialty items…and now in a BEAUTIFUL new location!!


For details visit www.dcfm.org


FEBRUARY IN THE GARDEN-A checklist of things to do this month.
___Check perennials for heaving during warm spells. Remulch as needed.
___Continue bringing out your cooled forced bulbs for indoor enjoyment.
___Inspect stored summer bulbs like dahlias, cannas and glads for rotting.
___Check for and treat for pests on plants brought in from the garden.
___Keep birdfeeders full. Clean periodically with soap and water.
___Repair and clean out birdhouses. Early arrivals will be here soon!
___Inventory last year’s leftover seeds before ordering or buying new ones.
___Order seeds and plants. Some of our very favorite seed and plant sources include:
___Visit Klein’s—it’s green, it’s warm, it’s colorful—it’s always spring.


Some of our very favorite seed and plant sources include:


Some of our very favorite seed and plant sources include:


For seeds:
Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds @ www.rareseeds.com or 417/924-8887
Burpee @ www.burpee.com or 800/888-1447
Harris Seeds @ www.harrisseeds.com or 800/514-4441
Johnny’s Select Seeds @ www.johnnyseeds.com or 207/861-3901
Jung’s Seeds @ www.jungseed.com or 800/247-5864
Park’s Seeds @ www.parkseed.com or 800/845-3369
Pinetree @ www.superseeds.com or 207/926-3400
Seeds of Change @ www.seedsofchange.com or 888/762-7333
Seed Savers @ www.seedsavers.org or 563/382-5990
Select Seeds @ www.selectseeds.com or 800/684-0395
Territorial Seeds @ www.territorialseed.com or 888/657-3131
Thompson & Morgan @ www.thompson-morgan.com or 800/274-7333


For bulbs:
Brent & Becky’s Bulbs @ www.brentandbeckysbulbs.com or 877/661-2852
Colorblends @ www.colorblends.com or 888/847-8637
John Scheeper’s @ www.johnscheepers.com or 860/567-0838
McClure & Zimmerman @ www.mzbulb.com or 800/883-6998


For plants:
High Country Gardens @ www.highcountrygardens.com or 800/925-9387
Logee’s Greenhouses @ www.logees.com or 888/330-8038
Plant Delights Nursery @ www.plantdelights.com or 912/772-4794
Roots and Rhizomes @ www.rootsrhizomes.com or 800/374-5035
Wayside Gardens @ www.waysidegardens.com or 800/213-0379
White Flower Farm @ www.whiteflowerfarm.com or 800/503-9624


BEHIND THE SCENES AT KLEIN’SThis is a sneak peek of what is going on each month behind the scenes in our greenhouses. Many people are unaware that our facility operates year round or that we have 10 more greenhouses on the property in addition to the 6 open for retail. At any given moment we already have a jump on the upcoming season–be it poinsettias in July, geraniums in December or fall mums in May.


—We’re readying ourselves for two of our year’s biggest events–Garden Expo and Valentine’s Day. For Garden Expo, we’ve readied our displays and the plants we’re selling are bursting with color. For Valentine’s Day, we’re awaiting the onslaught by prepping the thousands of additional cut flowers, unpacking all the beautiful vases and containers, ordering hundreds of blooming plants and securing additional delivery vehicles and staff.


—Spring plants begin arriving enforce! After Valentine’s Day the first spring bedding annuals arrive. Pansies, violas and dianthus plugs are popped into cell packs so they’re ready for early April sales.


—We’re planting up our thousands of mixed annuals hanging baskets. The geranium hanging baskets planted in January are filling out and almost ready for their first pinching and shaping.


—We reopen greenhouses in our back range as needed. They’ve been shut down to save on heat and eliminate pest problems.


—The deadline approaches for Easter orders. Dozens of area churches order lilies, tulips, hyacinths, daffodils, mums, hydrangeas and azaleas for Easter delivery.


—Spring product begins arriving for unpacking and pricing–the pots, the tools, the sundries. We need to have everything priced and ready to go by April 1.


—We continue to access our needs for spring staffing and try to have the new people in place and trained by March 1. March and April are the busiest months behind the scenes in the greenhouse and we rely on a dedicated, hardworking team to have everything ready for the customer come May 1 and the spring onslaught.


Have our monthly newsletter e-mailed to you automatically by signing up on the right side of our home page. We’ll offer monthly tips, greenhouse news and tidbits, specials and recipes. . .everything you need to know from your favorite Madison greenhouse. And tell your friends. It’s easy to do.


THE MAD GARDENER–“Madison’s Firsthand Source for Expert Gardening Advice”
Ask us your gardening questions by e-mailing us at madgardener@kleinsfloral.com. Klein’s in-house Mad Gardener will e-mail you with an answer as promptly as we can. The link is posted on our home page and in all newsletters.


We can only answer those questions pertaining to gardening in Southern Wisconsin and we reserve the right to leave correspondence unanswered at our discretion. Please allow 2-3 days for a response.




Follow Klein’s on Facebook where we post updates and photos on a regular basis.


Join Klein’s on Twitter where we post company updates and photos on a regular basis.


We offer a 10% Off Senior Citizen Discount every Tuesday to those 62 and above. This discount is not in addition to other discounts or sales. Please mention that you are a senior before we ring up your purchases. Does not apply to wire out orders or services, i.e. delivery, potting, etc.


Plastic flower pots and garden edging can now be recycled as part of the City of Madison’s rigid plastic program. Flowerpots and edging must be free of dirt and can be placed in your green recycling bin. For more information call 267-2626 or visit www.cityofmadison.com/streets/recycling/plastic.cfm



Klein’s Floral and Greenhouses delivers daily, except Sundays, throughout all of Madison and much of Dane County including: Cottage Grove, DeForest, Fitchburg, Maple Bluff, Marshall, McFarland, Middleton, Monona, Oregon, Shorewood Hills, Sun Prairie, Verona, Waunakee and Windsor. We do not deliver to Cambridge, Columbus, Deerfield or Stoughton.

Current delivery rate on 1-4 items is $7.95 for Madison, Maple Bluff, Monona and Shorewood Hills; $8.95 for Cottage Grove, DeForest, Fitchburg, McFarland, Sun Prairie, Waunakee and Windsor; and $9.95 for Marshall, Middleton, Oregon and Verona. An additional $3.00 will be added for deliveries of 4-10 items and $5.00 added for deliveries of more than 10 items. For deliveries requiring more than one trip, a separate delivery charge will be added for each trip.


A minimum order of $25.00 is required for delivery.

We not only deliver our fabulous fresh flowers, but also houseplants, bedding plants and hardgoods. There may be an extra charge for very large or bulky items.

Delivery to the Madison hospitals is $5.95. Deliveries to the four Madison hospitals are made during the early afternoon. Items are delivered to the hospital’s volunteer rooms and not directly to the patients’ rooms per hospital rules.

There is no delivery charge for funerals in the city of Madison or Monona, although normal rates apply for morning funeral deliveries to Madison’s west side (west of Park St.). Our normal rates also apply for funeral deliveries in the surrounding communities at all times. Although we don’t deliver on Sundays, we will deliver funeral items on Sundays at the regular delivery rate.


Morning delivery is guaranteed to the following Madison zip codes, but only if requested: 53703, 53704, 53714, 53716, 53718 and Cottage Grove, DeForest, Maple Bluff, Marshall, McFarland, Monona, Sun Prairie, Waunakee and Windsor.

We begin our delivery day at 8:00 a.m. and end at approximately 3:00 p.m. We do not usually deliver after 4:00 unless specific exceptions are made with our drivers.

Except for holidays, the following west-side zip codes and communities are delivered only during the afternoon: 53705, 53706, 53711, 53713, 53717, 53719, 53726, Fitchburg, Middleton, Oregon, Shorewood Hills and Verona.

During holidays (Christmas, Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, etc.) we are able to make morning deliveries to all of the above areas. We are not able to take closely timed deliveries on any holiday due to the sheer volume of such requests.

It’s best to give us a range of time and we’ll try our absolute hardest. Orders for same day delivery must be placed by 12:30 p.m. or by 2:30 p.m. for Madison zip codes 53704 and 53714.


DEPARTMENT HEADS: Please refer all questions, concerns or feedback in the following departments to their appropriate supervisor.
Phone: 608/244-5661 or 888/244-5661


Horticulturalist & General Manager–Jamie VandenWymelenberg jamie@kleinsfloral.com
Accounts, Billing and Purchasing—Kathryn Derauf kathryn@kleinsfloral.com
Delivery Supervisor & Newsletter Coordinator—Rick Halbach rick@kleinsfloral.com
Owner, Floral Designer & Purchasing—Sue Klein sue@kleinsfloral.com


University of Wisconsin Extension
1 Fen Oak Ct. #138
Madison, WI 53718


Plant Disease Diagnostics Clinic
Dept. of Plant Pathology
1630 Linden Dr.
Madison, WI 53706


Insect Diagnostic Lab
240 Russell Labs
1630 Linden Dr.
Madison, WI 53706


U.W. Soil and Plant Analysis Lab
8452 Mineral Point Rd.
Verona, WI 53593


American Horticultural Society


Garden Catalogs (an extensive list with links)


Invasive Species


Community Groundworks
3601 Memorial Dr., Ste. 4
Madison, WI 53704


Madison Area Master Gardeners (MAMGA)


Wisconsin Master Gardeners Program
Department of Horticulture
1575 Linden Drive
University of Wisconsin – Madison
Madison, WI 53706


The Wisconsin Gardener


Allen Centennial Gardens
620 Babcock Dr.
Madison, WI 53706


Olbrich Botanical Gardens
3330 Atwood Ave.
Madison, WI 53704


Rotary Gardens
1455 Palmer Dr.
Janesville, WI 53545


University of WI Arboretum
1207 Seminole Hwy.
Madison, WI 53711


University of Wisconsin-West Madison
Agricultural Research Center
8502 Mineral Point Rd.
Verona, WI 53593


Children may find the bright colors and different textures of plants irresistible, but some plants can be poisonous if touched or eaten. If you’re in doubt about whether or not a plant is poisonous, don’t keep it in your home. The risk is not worth it. The following list is not comprehensive, so be sure to seek out safety information on the plants in your home to be safe.
•Bird of paradise
•Bull nettle
•Castor bean
•Chinaberry tree
•Deadly nightshade
•Dieffenbachia (dumb cane)
•Glory lily
•Holly berry
•Indian tobacco
•Lily of the valley
•Mescal bean
•Morning glory
•Mountain laurel
•Night-blooming jasmine
•Poison ivy
•Poison sumac
•Water hemlock


Below is a list of some of the common plants which may produce a toxic reaction in animals. This list is intended only as a guide to plants which are generally identified as having the capability for producing a toxic reaction. Source: The National Humane Society website @ http://www.humanesociety.org/
•Autumn Crocus
•Black locust
•Carolina jessamine
•Castor bean
•Chinaberry tree
•Christmas berry
•Christmas Rose
•Common privet
•Corn cockle
•Cow cockle
•Day lily
•Delphinium (Larkspur)
•Dutchman’s breeches
•Easter lily
•Elephant’s ear
•English Ivy
•European Bittersweet
•Field peppergrass
•Horse nettle
•Jerusalem Cherry
•Lily of the valley
•Milk vetch
•Morning glory
•Poison hemlock
•Rosary pea
•Sago palm
•Skunk cabbage
•Star of Bethlehem
•Wild black cherry
•Wild radish
•Yellow jessamine